would shrink from it horror
stricken. This glorification, then, is spurious; gold-paper.
The false enthusiasm for antiquity in which many philologists live. When
antiquity suddenly comes upon us in our youth, it appears to us to be
composed of innumerable trivialities; in particular we believe ourselves
to be above its ethics. And Homer and Walter Scott--who carries off the
palm? Let us be honest! If this enthusiasm were really felt, people
could scarcely seek their life's calling in it. I mean that what we can
obtain from the Greeks only begins to dawn upon us in later years: only
after we have undergone many experiences, and thought a great deal.
People in general think that philology is at an end--while I believe
that it has not yet begun.
The greatest events in philology are the appearance of Goethe,
Schopenhauer, and Wagner; standing on their shoulders we look far into
the distance. The fifth and sixth centuries have still to be discovered.
Where do we see the effect of antiquity? Not in language, not in the
imitation of something or other, and not in perversity and waywardness,
to which uses the French have turned it. Our museums are gradually
becoming filled up: I always experience a sensation of disgust when I
see naked statues in the Greek style in the presence of this thoughtless
philistinism which would fain devour everything.
PLANS AND THOUGHTS RELATING TO A WORK ON PHILOLOGY
Of all sciences philology at present is the most favoured . its progress
having been furthered for centuries by the greatest number of scholars
in every nation who have had charge of the noblest pupils. Philology has
thus had one of the best of all opportunities to be propagated from
generation to generation, and to make itself respected. How has it
acquired this power?
Calculations of the different prejudices in its favour.
How then if these were to be frankly recognised as prejudices? Would not
philology be superfluous if we reckoned up the interests of a position
in life or the earning of a livelihood? What if the truth were told
about antiquity, and its qualifications for training people to live in
In order that the questions set forth above may be answered let us
consider the training of the philologist, his genesis: he no longer
comes into being where these interests are lacking.
If the world in general came to know what an unseasonable thing for us
antiquity really is, philologists would no longer be called in as the
educators of our youth.
Effect of antiquity on the non-philologist likewise nothing. If they
showed themselves to be imperative and contradictory,
The allusion to Milton (p.Page 12
So we are tickled by the thought, whether it be not here feasible to make a match, to draw a _conclusion_, with the anticipation that if a consequence follows this conclusion it is not only the two judgments united in wedlock but the matchmakers that will gain honour.Page 16
--The reader offers a two-fold insult to the author by praising his second book at the expense of his first (or _vice versa_) and by expecting the author to be grateful to him on that account.Page 52
A perfectly conceived history would be cosmic self-consciousness.Page 56
--We must beware of becoming sharp too early, or we shall also become thin too early.Page 71
Thus they involve a twofold drawback.Page 136
" But he had a right to, for he wrote for those who had lost their sight altogether.Page 137
SEBASTIAN BACH.Page 141
This was the school that invented a five-years' silence,(23) but did not invent a dialectic.Page 142
AS FRIENDS OF MUSIC.Page 148
Outside religious thought natural death is not worth glorifying.Page 159
Then only Virtue found again the power of speech.Page 168
He learns much in the process, but he often forgets what is most worth learning and knowing--his self.Page 174
On the other hand, we pay the unknown as low a price as possible; here is a contest in which every one struggles and makes others struggle for a foot's breadth of land.Page 179
_--I looked down, over waves of hills, to a milky-green lake, through firs and pines austere with age; rocky crags of all shapes about me, the soil gay with flowers and grasses.Page 189
I remembered that I had often lain at your feet like a dog, and that you then---- _The Wanderer_: Can I not with all speed do something to please you? Have you no wish? _The Shadow_: None, except perhaps the wish that the philosophic "dog"(31) expressed to Alexander the Great--just move a little out of my light; I feel cold.