must be judged according to the following
standard: the more spirit, the more suffering (as the Greeks themselves
prove). Whence it follows, the more stupidity, the more comfort. The
philistine of culture is the most comfortable creature the sun has ever
shone upon: and he is doubtless also in possession of the corresponding
The Greek _polis_ and the [Greek: aien aristeyein] grew up out of mutual
enmity. Hellenic and philanthropic are contrary adjectives, although the
ancients flattered themselves sufficiently.
Homer is, in the world of the Hellenic discord, the pan-Hellenic Greek.
The [Greek: "agon"] of the Greeks is also manifested in the Symposium in
the shape of witty conversation.
Wanton, mutual annihilation inevitable: so long as a single _polis_
wished to exist--its envy for everything superior to itself, its
cupidity, the disorder of its customs, the enslavement of the women,
lack of conscience in the keeping of oaths, in murder, and in cases of
Tremendous power of self-control: for example in a man like Socrates,
who was capable of everything evil.
Its noble sense of order and systematic arrangement had rendered the
Athenian state immortal--The ten strategists in Athens! Foolish! Too big
a sacrifice on the altar of jealousy.
The recreations of the Spartans consisted of feasting, hunting, and
making war . their every-day life was too hard. On the whole, however,
their state is merely a caricature of the polls, a corruption of Hellas.
The breeding of the complete Spartan--but what was there great about him
that his breeding should have required such a brutal state!
The political defeat of Greece is the greatest failure of culture; for
it has given rise to the atrocious theory that culture cannot be pursued
unless one is at the same time armed to the teeth. The rise of
Christianity was the second greatest failure: brute force on the one
hand, and a dull intellect on the other, won a complete victory over the
aristocratic genius among the nations. To be a Philhellenist now means
to be a foe of brute force and stupid intellects. Sparta was the ruin of
Athens in so far as she compelled Athens to turn her entire attention
to politics and to act as a federal combination.
There are domains of thought where the _ratio_ will only give rise to
disorder, and the philologist, who possesses nothing more, is lost
through it and is unable to see the truth . _e.g._ in the consideration
of Greek mythology. A merely fantastic person, of course, has no claim
either . one must possess Greek imagination and also a certain amount of
Greek piety. Even the poet does not
They live at the expense of those who have intellect and who distribute it liberally: they know that it is peculiar to the rich mind to live in a disinterested fashion, without taking too much petty thought for the morrow, and to distribute its wealth prodigally.Page 38
_Wagner_--the French cult of the ugly and of grand opera, _Paris,_ and the flight into _primitive barbarism_ (the marriage of brother and sister).Page 40
_ The President de Brosses says of the _Campagna romana_: "Il fallait que Romulus fÃ»t ivre quand il songea Ã bÃ¢tir une ville dans un terrain aussi laid.Page 50
Our _haute volÃ©e,_ the society consisting of our rich and leisured men, is more natural: people hunt each other, the love of the sexes is a kind of sport in which marriage is both a charm and an obstacle; people entertain each other and live for the sake of pleasure; bodily advantages stand in the first rank, and curiosity and daring are the rule.Page 55
How are _Good Europeans_ such as ourselves distinguished from the patriots? In the first place, we are atheists and immoralists, but we take care to support the religions and the morality which we associate with the gregarious instinct: for by means of them, an order of men is, so to speak, being prepared, which must at some time or other fall into our hands, which must actually _crave_ for our hands.Page 59
_ Slander has to be carried to a fine art for this purpose.Page 91
(2) _Can it be realised?_--Yes, of course, when the climatic conditions are favourable--as in the case of the Indian ideal.Page 92
Why should guilt, work, death, and pain (_and,_ from the Christian point of view, also _knowledge_ .Page 93
The natural inclinations _do_ get satisfied, but they are interpreted in a new way; for instance, as "justification before God," "the feeling of redemption through grace," every undeniable _feeling of pleasure_ becomes (interpreted in this way!) pride, voluptuousness, etc.Page 132
For we shall never be able to resist the temptation of regarding it as the supreme being, and of christening it "God.Page 155
Pascal, the admirable _logician_ of Christianity, _went as far as this_! let any one examine his relations to his sister.Page 158
The priests--and with them the half-priests or philosophers of all ages--have always called that doctrine true, the.Page 165
_Morality regarded as the highest form of protection.Page 168
For this life is _immoral.