have been much better if the Greeks had been conquered by the
Persians instead of by the Romans.
The characteristics of the gifted man who is lacking in genius are to be
found in the average Hellene--all the dangerous characteristics of such
a disposition and character.
Genius makes tributaries of all partly-talented people: hence the
Persians themselves sent their ambassadors to the Greek oracles.
The happiest lot that can fall to the genius is to exchange doing and
acting for leisure; and this was something the Greeks knew how to value.
The blessings of labour! _Nugari_ was the Roman name for all the
exertions and aspirations of the Greeks.
No happy course of life is open to the genius, he stands in
contradiction to his age and must perforce struggle with it. Thus the
Greeks . they instinctively made the utmost exertions to secure a safe
refuge for themselves (in the _polis_). Finally, everything went to
pieces in politics. They were compelled to take up a stand against their
enemies . this became ever more and more difficult, and at last
Greek culture is based on the lordship of a small class over four to
nine times their number of slaves. Judged by mere numbers, Greece was a
country inhabited by barbarians. How can the ancients be thought to be
humane? There was a great contrast between the genius and the
breadwinner, the half-beast of burden. The Greeks believed in a racial
distinction. Schopenhauer wonders why Nature did not take it into her
head to invent two entirely separate species of men.
The Greeks bear the same relation to the barbarians "as free-moving or
winged animals do to the barnacles which cling tightly to the rocks and
must await what fate chooses to send them"--Schopenhauer's simile.
The Greeks as the only people of genius in the history of the world.
Such they are even when considered as learners; for they understand this
best of all, and can do more than merely trim and adorn themselves with
what they have borrowed, as did the Romans.
The constitution of the _polis_ is a Phoenician invention, even this
has been imitated by the Hellenes. For a long time they dabbled in
everything, like joyful dilettanti. Aphrodite is likewise Phoenician.
Neither do they disavow what has come to them through immigration and
does not originally belong to their own country.
The happy and comfortable constitution of the politico-social position
must not be sought among the Greeks . that is a goal which dazzles the
eyes of our dreamers of the future! It was, on the contrary, dreadful;
for this is a matter that
AND LONDON 1911 CONTENTS TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE TO "WE PHILOLOGISTS" 105 WE PHILOLOGISTS 109 WE PHILOLOGISTS AUTUMN 1874 (PUBLISHED POSTHUMOUSLY) TRANSLATED BY J.Page 1
" The danger of modern "values" to true culture may be readily gathered from a perusal of aphorisms that follow: and, if these aphorisms enable even one scholar in a hundred to enter more thoroughly into the spirit of a great past they will not have been penned in vain.Page 2
Towards the end of his life, however, the average man has become accustomed to it--then he may make a mistake in regard to the life he has lived, and praise his own stupidity: _bene navigavi cum naufragium feci_ .Page 4
--Thus the philologist himself is not the aim of philology.Page 7
so how can we be a final aim? But why not? In most instances, however, we do not wish to be this.Page 9
But he can influence picked men, or youths, to be more accurate, at a time when all their mental faculties are beginning to blossom forth--people who can afford to devote both time and money to their higher development.Page 10
As a general rule all those who have passed through such institutions have afterwards borne testimony to the excellence of their organisation and curriculum, and such people are, of course, unconscious witnesses in favour of philology.Page 14
_, a battle against the old culture.Page 17
Are they? 48 Origin of the philologist.Page 19
At last he said that her remark was quite right; he himself felt that he might have directed his gifts in some other channel.Page 20
" In order that this "freedom" may be rightly estimated, just look at the philologists! 66 Classical education! Yea, if there were only as much paganism as Goethe found and glorified in Winckelmann, even that would not be much.Page 21
74 When we bring the Greeks to the knowledge of our young students, we are treating the latter as if they were well-informed and matured men.Page 22
The poetic element: a bad expectation.Page 26
Envy, jealousy, as among gifted people.Page 27
that is a goal which dazzles the eyes of our dreamers of the future! It was, on the contrary, dreadful; for this is a matter that.Page 32
153 Antiquity has been treated by all kinds of historians and their methods.Page 37
As regards culture, we have hitherto been acquainted with only one complete form of it, _i.Page 39
Oppression by the church has been stopped.Page 43
To make the individual uncomfortable is my task! The great pleasure experienced by the man who liberates himself by fighting.Page 44