strait-laced "poet" depicted the happiness now
experienced by sixty-year-old men.--All pure and simple caricature! So
this is the result! And sorrow and irony and seclusion are all that
remain for him who has seen more of antiquity than this.
If we change a single word of Lord Bacon's we may say . infimarum
Graecorum virtutum apud philologos laus est, mediarum admiratio,
supremarum sensus nullus.
How can anyone glorify and venerate a whole people! It is the
individuals that count, even in the case of the Greeks.
There is a great deal of caricature even about the Greeks . for example,
the careful attention devoted by the Cynics to their own happiness.
The only thing that interests me is the relationship of the people
considered as a whole to the training of the single individuals . and in
the case of the Greeks there are some factors which are very favourable
to the development of the individual. They do not, however, arise from
the goodwill of the people, but from the struggle between the evil
By means of happy inventions and discoveries, we can train the
individual differently and more highly than has yet been done by mere
chance and accident. There are still hopes . the breeding of superior
The Greeks are interesting and quite disproportionately important
because they had such a host of great individuals. How was that
possible? This point must be studied.
The history of Greece has hitherto always been written optimistically.
Selected points from antiquity: the power, fire, and swing of the
feeling the ancients had for music (through the first Pythian Ode),
purity in their historical sense, gratitude for the blessings of
culture, the fire and corn feasts.
The ennoblement of jealousy: the Greeks the most jealous nation.
Suicide, hatred of old age, of penury. Empedocles on sexual love.
Nimble and healthy bodies, a clear and deep sense for the observation of
everyday matters, manly freedom, belief in good racial descent and good
upbringing, warlike virtues, jealousy in the [Greek: aristeyein],
delight in the arts, respect for leisure, a sense for free
individuality, for the symbolical.
The spiritual culture of Greece an aberration of the amazing political
impulse towards [Greek: aristeyein]. The [Greek: polis] utterly opposed
to new education; culture nevertheless existed.
When I say that, all things considered, the Greeks were more moral than
modern men what do I mean by that? From what we can perceive of the
activities of their soul, it is clear that they had no shame, they had
no bad conscience. They were more sincere, open-hearted, and passionate,
as artists are; they exhibited a kind of child-like _naivete_. It thus
was for my part already in the throes of moral scepticism and dissolution, that is, as much concerned with the criticism as with the study of all pessimism down to the present day.Page 9
"--When the poet depicts the various callings--such as those of the warrior, the silk-weaver, the sailor--he feigns to know all these things thoroughly, to be an expert.Page 45
--Music is, in.Page 52
GENIUS IN HUMANITY.Page 61
WHITHER WE MUST TRAVEL.Page 66
For they imagined that under all circumstances they were on the heights in our company (maybe also through our agency).Page 69
For grace is heartfelt toleration in movement and gesture.Page 81
This is in accordance with the tailors' philosophy, "The apparel makes the man.Page 85
THROUGH GREY WINDOW-PANES.Page 101
Such moralists are very different from those with whom they are most commonly confounded, from those petty minds that do not believe at all in these modes of thought and states of soul, and imagine their own poverty to be hidden somewhere behind the glamour of greatness and purity.Page 108
On the other hand, the idea of securing himself against further injury is in this case so entirely outside the avenger's horizon, that he almost regularly brings about his own further injury and often foresees it in cold blood.Page 110
Society recognises only the virtues profitable to her, or at least not injurious to her--virtues like justice, which are exercised without loss, or, in fact, at compound interest.Page 112
The pleasant thing about this wealth is that one must always bestow and communicate a portion of it, if its presence is to be felt at all.Page 113
Surely, however, the consequence would be that the thinker's machinery would no longer work properly if he could really feel himself unencumbered by duty in the search for knowledge? It would appear, then, that for fuel the same element is necessary as must be investigated by means of the machine.Page 159
"--There is no denying that from the end of the eighteenth century a current of moral awakening flowed through Europe.Page 165
WHEN MOST BENEVOLENT.Page 166
--It follows that we must do nothing superfluous.Page 167