Cry of Distress.
We now meet with Zarathustra in extraordinary circumstances. He is
confronted with Schopenhauer and tempted by the old Soothsayer to commit
the sin of pity. "I have come that I may seduce thee to thy last sin!"
says the Soothsayer to Zarathustra. It will be remembered that in
Schopenhauer's ethics, pity is elevated to the highest place among the
virtues, and very consistently too, seeing that the Weltanschauung is
a pessimistic one. Schopenhauer appeals to Nietzsche's deepest and
strongest sentiment--his sympathy for higher men. "Why dost thou conceal
thyself?" he cries. "It is THE HIGHER MAN that calleth for thee!"
Zarathustra is almost overcome by the Soothsayer's pleading, as he
had been once already in the past, but he resists him step by step. At
length he can withstand him no longer, and, on the plea that the higher
man is on his ground and therefore under his protection, Zarathustra
departs in search of him, leaving Schopenhauer--a higher man in
Nietzsche's opinion--in the cave as a guest.
Chapter LXIII. Talk with the Kings.
On his way Zarathustra meets two more higher men of his time; two
kings cross his path. They are above the average modern type; for their
instincts tell them what real ruling is, and they despise the mockery
which they have been taught to call "Reigning." "We ARE NOT the first
men," they say, "and have nevertheless to STAND FOR them: of this
imposture have we at last become weary and disgusted." It is the kings
who tell Zarathustra: "There is no sorer misfortune in all human destiny
than when the mighty of the earth are not also the first men. There
everything becometh false and distorted and monstrous." The kings are
also asked by Zarathustra to accept the shelter of his cave, whereupon
he proceeds on his way.
Chapter LXIV. The Leech.
Among the higher men whom Zarathustra wishes to save, is also the
scientific specialist--the man who honestly and scrupulously pursues his
investigations, as Darwin did, in one department of knowledge. "I love
him who liveth in order to know, and seeketh to know in order that the
Superman may hereafter live. Thus seeketh he his own down-going."
"The spiritually conscientious one," he is called in this discourse.
Zarathustra steps on him unawares, and the slave of science, bleeding
from the violence he has done to himself by his self-imposed task,
speaks proudly of his little sphere of knowledge--his little hand's
breadth of ground on Zarathustra's territory, philosophy. "Where mine
honesty ceaseth," says the true scientific specialist, "there am I blind
and want also to be blind. Where I want to know,
Nowhere are his thoughts more profound.Page 27
These sensations are dependent upon a trust in God.Page 29
We deny God, we deny responsibility in God: thus alone do we save the world.Page 36
--As an instance of what it means to have learnt to see, let me state that a man thus trained will as a learner have become generally slow, suspicious, and refractory.Page 39
When we renounce the Christian faith, we abandon all right to Christian morality.Page 40
At present, the only conceivable way of making the individual possible would be to _prune_ him:--of making him possible--that is to say, _whole.Page 68
and the substance of my writing, about a certain degree of immortality--never have I been modest enough to demand less of myself.Page 79
It is his most profound self-preservative instinct which forbids reality ever to attain to honour in any way, or even to raise its voice.Page 80
" Instinct at fault in anything and everything, hostility to nature as an instinct, German decadence made into philosophy_--that is Kant!_ 12 Except for a few sceptics, the respectable type in the history of philosophy, the rest do not know the very first pre-requisite of intellectual uprightness.Page 88
22 When Christianity departed from its native soil, which consisted of the lowest classes, the _submerged masses_ of the ancient world, and set forth in quest of power among barbaric nations, it no longer met with exhausted men but inwardly savage and self-lacerating men--the strong but bungled men.Page 100
The concept "the Son of Man," is not a concrete personality belonging to history, anything individual and isolated, but an "eternal" fact, a psychological symbol divorced from the concept of time.Page 105
in word and pose which in this book is elevated to an _Art,_ is not the accident of any individual gift, of any exceptional nature.Page 118
My voice can make even those hear who are hard of hearing.Page 128
--At a certain stage in the development of a people, the most far-seeing class within it (that is to say, the class that sees farthest backwards and forwards), declares the experience of how its fellow-creatures ought to live--_can_ live--to be finally settled.Page 134
Here it is necessary to revive a memory which will be a hundred times more painful to Germans.Page 139
It would seem that each complete state of energy forms all qualities afresh even to the smallest degree, so that two different complete states could have nothing in common.Page 158
The actor of happiness.