and preferreth to languish:--
--A span-breadth from his goal, to languish! Verily, ye will have to
drag him into his heaven by the hair of his head--this hero!
Better still that ye let him lie where he hath lain down, that sleep may
come unto him, the comforter, with cooling patter-rain.
Let him lie, until of his own accord he awakeneth,--until of his own
accord he repudiateth all weariness, and what weariness hath taught
Only, my brethren, see that ye scare the dogs away from him, the idle
skulkers, and all the swarming vermin:--
--All the swarming vermin of the "cultured," that--feast on the sweat of
I form circles around me and holy boundaries; ever fewer ascend with
me ever higher mountains: I build a mountain-range out of ever holier
But wherever ye would ascend with me, O my brethren, take care lest a
PARASITE ascend with you!
A parasite: that is a reptile, a creeping, cringing reptile, that trieth
to fatten on your infirm and sore places.
And THIS is its art: it divineth where ascending souls are weary, in
your trouble and dejection, in your sensitive modesty, doth it build its
Where the strong are weak, where the noble are all-too-gentle--there
buildeth it its loathsome nest; the parasite liveth where the great have
What is the highest of all species of being, and what is the lowest?
The parasite is the lowest species; he, however, who is of the highest
species feedeth most parasites.
For the soul which hath the longest ladder, and can go deepest down: how
could there fail to be most parasites upon it?--
--The most comprehensive soul, which can run and stray and rove furthest
in itself; the most necessary soul, which out of joy flingeth itself
--The soul in Being, which plungeth into Becoming; the possessing soul,
which SEEKETH to attain desire and longing:--
--The soul fleeing from itself, which overtaketh itself in the widest
circuit; the wisest soul, unto which folly speaketh most sweetly:--
--The soul most self-loving, in which all things have their current and
counter-current, their ebb and their flow:--oh, how could THE LOFTIEST
SOUL fail to have the worst parasites?
O my brethren, am I then cruel? But I say: What falleth, that shall one
Everything of to-day--it falleth, it decayeth; who would preserve it!
But I--I wish also to push it!
Know ye the delight which rolleth stones into precipitous depths?--Those
men of to-day, see just how they roll into my depths!
A prelude am I to better players, O my brethren! An example! DO
according to mine example!
And him whom ye
And suppose we add that, wherever we may find the plant man flourishing, in this sense, we should there suspect the existence of truth?--I If we say this with Nietzsche, any sort of assumption or arbitrary valuation which aims at a reverse order of things, becomes a dangerous lie in a super-moral and purely physiological sense.Page 6
The third alternative is lacking: a man must be both--a _philosopher.Page 16
"Reason" in language!--oh what a deceptive old witch it has been! I fear we shall never be rid of God, so long as we still believe in grammar.Page 17
The fact that the artist esteems the appearance of a thing higher than reality, is no objection to this statement For "appearance" signifies once more reality here, but in a selected, strengthened and corrected form.Page 23
_ The Church and morality say: "A race, a people perish through vice and luxury.Page 40
But look at the result!--a mass of daubs, at best a piece of mosaic, in any case something heaped together, restless and garish.Page 43
Well, that is English; and in view of the fact that the English are the nation of consummate cant, it is not only comprehensible but also very natural.Page 49
Is his most fundamental instinct concerned with art? Is it not rather concerned with the purpose of art, with life? with a certain desirable kind of life? Art is the great stimulus to life; how can it be regarded as purpose less, as pointless, as _l'art pour l'art?_--There still remains one question to be answered: Art also reveals much that is ugly, hard and questionable in life,--does it not thus seem to make life intolerable?--And, as a matter of fact, there have been philosophers who have ascribed this function to art.Page 52
His "splendid indignation" alone relieves him somewhat, it is a pleasure for all poor devils to grumble--it gives them a little intoxicating sensation of power.Page 59
, Aph.Page 61
_--That which we did not know formerly, and know now, or might know if we chose,--is the fact that a _retrograde formation,_ a reversion in any sense or degree, is absolutely impossible.Page 73
5 The psychology of orgiasm conceived as the feeling of a superabundance of vitality and strength, within the scope of which even pain _acts as a stimulus,_ gave me the key to the concept _tragic_ feeling, which has been misunderstood not only by Aristotle, but also even more by our pessimists.Page 77
I repeat, this depressing and infectious instinct thwarts those instincts which aim at the preservation and enhancement of the value life: by _multiplying_ misery quite as much as by preserving all that is miserable, it is the principal agent in promoting decadence,--pity exhorts people to nothing, to _nonentity!_ But they do not say "_nonentity_" they say "Beyond," or "God," or "the true life"; or Nirvana, or Salvation, or Blessedness, instead.Page 102
Consequently, that which has to be avoided, above all, is any further experimentation, the continuation of the state when values are still fluid, the testing, choosing, and criticising of values _in infinitum.Page 129
--A right is a privilege.Page 141
If we assume that there has ever been a state absolutely like the present one this assumption is in no wise refuted by the present state.Page 159
When the invitations come he gently evades them.