deeper into obscurity and vapour!
And verily, thou choosest the hour well: for just now do the nocturnal
birds again fly abroad. The hour hath come for all light-dreading
people, the vesper hour and leisure hour, when they do not--"take
I hear it and smell it: it hath come--their hour for hunt and
procession, not indeed for a wild hunt, but for a tame, lame, snuffling,
soft-treaders', soft-prayers' hunt,--
--For a hunt after susceptible simpletons: all mouse-traps for the heart
have again been set! And whenever I lift a curtain, a night-moth rusheth
out of it.
Did it perhaps squat there along with another night-moth? For everywhere
do I smell small concealed communities; and wherever there are closets
there are new devotees therein, and the atmosphere of devotees.
They sit for long evenings beside one another, and say: "Let us again
become like little children and say, 'good God!'"--ruined in mouths and
stomachs by the pious confectioners.
Or they look for long evenings at a crafty, lurking cross-spider, that
preacheth prudence to the spiders themselves, and teacheth that "under
crosses it is good for cobweb-spinning!"
Or they sit all day at swamps with angle-rods, and on that account think
themselves PROFOUND; but whoever fisheth where there are no fish, I do
not even call him superficial!
Or they learn in godly-gay style to play the harp with a hymn-poet,
who would fain harp himself into the heart of young girls:--for he hath
tired of old girls and their praises.
Or they learn to shudder with a learned semi-madcap, who waiteth in
darkened rooms for spirits to come to him--and the spirit runneth away
Or they listen to an old roving howl-and growl-piper, who hath learnt
from the sad winds the sadness of sounds; now pipeth he as the wind, and
preacheth sadness in sad strains.
And some of them have even become night-watchmen: they know now how to
blow horns, and go about at night and awaken old things which have long
Five words about old things did I hear yester-night at the garden-wall:
they came from such old, sorrowful, arid night-watchmen.
"For a father he careth not sufficiently for his children: human fathers
do this better!"--
"He is too old! He now careth no more for his children,"--answered the
"HATH he then children? No one can prove it unless he himself prove it!
I have long wished that he would for once prove it thoroughly."
"Prove? As if HE had ever proved anything! Proving is difficult to him;
he layeth great stress on one's BELIEVING him."
"Ay! Ay! Belief saveth him; belief in him. That is the way
4 All this affects the sources of our present philology: a sceptical and melancholy attitude.Page 4
--This is the antinomy of philology: people have always endeavoured to understand antiquity by means of the present--and shall the present now be understood by means of antiquity? Better: people have explained antiquity to themselves out of their own experiences; and from the amount of antiquity thus acquired they have assessed the value of their experiences.Page 6
"We are called upon to serve and to be of advantage to our equals--the same remark applies to our neighbour and to his neighbour, so everyone serves somebody else; no one is carrying out the duties of his calling for his own sake, but always for the sake of others and thus we are like geese which support one another by the one leaning against the other.Page 8
its progress having been furthered for centuries by the greatest number of scholars in every nation who have had charge of the noblest pupils.Page 11
In the first place there is the prejudice expressed in the synonymous concept, "The study of the humanities": antiquity is classic because it is the school of the humane.Page 12
linguistics brought about the greatest diversion among philologists themselves, and even the desertion of many of them.Page 15
Even the Reformation could not dispense with classical studies for this purpose.Page 16
53 Friedrich August Wolf reminds us how apprehensive and feeble were the first steps taken by our ancestors in moulding scholarship--how even the Latin classics, for example, had to be smuggled into the university market under all sorts of pretexts, as if they had been contraband goods.Page 19
" In Winckelmann's youth there were no philological studies apart from the ordinary bread-winning branches of the science--people read and explained the ancients in order to prepare themselves for the better interpretation of the Bible and the Corpus Juris.Page 20
" 60 Wolf draws our attention to the fact that antiquity was acquainted only with theories of oratory and poetry which facilitated production, [Greek: technai] and _artes_ that formed real orators and poets, "while at the present day we shall soon have theories upon which it would be as impossible to build up a speech or a poem as it would be to form a thunderstorm upon a brontological treatise.Page 21
They turn into mere panegyrists, and thus become ridiculous.Page 22
a certain sterility of insight has resulted, for they promote the science, but not the philologist.Page 27
How can the ancients be thought to be humane? There was a great contrast between the genius and the breadwinner, the half-beast of burden.Page 31
145 The truly scientific people, the literary people, were the Egyptians and not the Greeks.Page 32
150 At the twilight of antiquity there were still wholly unchristian figures, which were more beautiful, harmonious, and pure than those of any Christians: _e.Page 34
159 Philosophic heads must occupy themselves one day with the collective account of antiquity and make up its balance-sheet.Page 40
People should study typical antiquity just as they do typical men: _i.Page 43
He would have to be a knowledge-saint: a man who would link love with knowledge, and who would have nothing to do with gods or demigods or "Providence," as the Indian saints likewise had nothing to do with them.