Thus Spake Zarathustra: A Book for All and None

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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the third part of "Zarathustra". "In the winter, beneath the
halcyon sky of Nice, which then looked down upon me for the first time
in my life, I found the third 'Zarathustra'--and came to the end of my
task; the whole having occupied me scarcely a year. Many hidden corners
and heights in the landscapes round about Nice are hallowed to me by
unforgettable moments. That decisive chapter entitled 'Old and New
Tables' was composed in the very difficult ascent from the station
to Eza--that wonderful Moorish village in the rocks. My most creative
moments were always accompanied by unusual muscular activity. The body
is inspired: let us waive the question of the 'soul.' I might often have
been seen dancing in those days. Without a suggestion of fatigue I could
then walk for seven or eight hours on end among the hills. I slept well
and laughed well--I was perfectly robust and patient."

As we have seen, each of the three parts of "Zarathustra" was written,
after a more or less short period of preparation, in about ten days.
The composition of the fourth part alone was broken by occasional
interruptions. The first notes relating to this part were written while
he and I were staying together in Zurich in September 1884. In the
following November, while staying at Mentone, he began to elaborate
these notes, and after a long pause, finished the manuscript at Nice
between the end of January and the middle of February 1885. My brother
then called this part the fourth and last; but even before, and shortly
after it had been privately printed, he wrote to me saying that he still
intended writing a fifth and sixth part, and notes relating to these
parts are now in my possession. This fourth part (the original MS. of
which contains this note: "Only for my friends, not for the public")
is written in a particularly personal spirit, and those few to whom he
presented a copy of it, he pledged to the strictest secrecy concerning
its contents. He often thought of making this fourth part public also,
but doubted whether he would ever be able to do so without considerably
altering certain portions of it. At all events he resolved to distribute
this manuscript production, of which only forty copies were printed,
only among those who had proved themselves worthy of it, and it speaks
eloquently of his utter loneliness and need of sympathy in those days,
that he had occasion to present only seven copies of his book according
to this resolution.

Already at the beginning of this history I hinted

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Text Comparison with The Will to Power, Book I and II An Attempted Transvaluation of all Values

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_ The struggle against genius ("popular poetry," etc.
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The more energetically and daringly it advances, the richer will it be in failures and in deformities, and the nearer it will be to its fall.
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.
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75.
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The style of the seventeenth century: _propre exact et libre.
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The new interpretation of natural functions, which made them appear like _vices,_ had already gone before! 151.
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.
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movement_ of antiquity, formulated with the use of the life, teaching, and "words" of the Founder of Christianity, but interpreted quite _arbitrarily,_ according to a scheme embodying _profoundly different needs_: translated into the language of all the _subterranean religions_ then existing.
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And this _kind of ideal_ is hanging still, under the name of "God," over men's heads!! 201.
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.
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[Footnote 4: "Thue Recht und scheue Niemand.
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It is the _virtues_ of modern men which are the causes of pessimistic gloominess; the mediocre, like the herd, are not troubled much with questions or with conscience--they are cheerful.
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The instinct which is most feared _dares to acknowledge itself.
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_(b)_ The rise of a people and virtue.
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Reflecting upon generalities is always retrograde: the last of the "desiderata" concerning men, for instance, have never been regarded as problems by philosophers.
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To what extent do dialectics and the faith in reason rest upon _moral_ prejudices? With Plato we are as the temporary inhabitants of an intelligible world of goodness, still in possession of a bequest from former times: divine dialectics taking its root in goodness leads to everything good (it follows, therefore, that it must lead "backwards").
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Contempt of _objectivity_ in interests is taught: return to practical interest, and to the personal utility of all knowledge.
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This presupposes a tremendous adiaphora in regard to the strong passions: a kind of isolation, an exceptional position, opposition to the normal passions.