Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 88

really angry, it would be still better."

To speak plainly, it is necessary to become really angry in order
that things may be better. The picture of Schopenhauer's man can help
us here. _Schopenhauer's man voluntarily takes upon himself the pain
of telling the truth:_ this pain serves to quench his individual will
and make him ready for the complete transformation of his being,
which it is the inner meaning of life to realise. This openness in
him appears to other men to be an effect of malice, for they think
the preservation of their shifts and pretences to be the first duty
of humanity, and any one who destroys their playthings to be merely
malicious. They are tempted to cry out to such a man, in Faust's
words to Mephistopheles:--

"So to the active and eternal
Creative force, in cold disdain
You now oppose the fist infernal"--

and he who would live according to Schopenhauer would seem to be more
like a Mephistopheles than a Faust--that is, to our weak modern eyes,
which always discover signs of malice in any negation. But there is a
kind of denial and destruction that is the effect of that strong
aspiration after holiness and deliverance, which Schopenhauer was the
first philosopher to teach our profane and worldly generation.
Everything that can be denied, deserves to be denied; and real
sincerity means the belief in a state of things which cannot be
denied, or in which there is no lie. The sincere man feels that his
activity has a metaphysical meaning. It can only be explained by the
laws of a different and a higher life; it is in the deepest sense an
affirmation: even if everything that he does seem utterly opposed to
the laws of our present life. It must lead therefore to constant
suffering; but he knows, as Meister Eckhard did, that "the quickest
beast that will carry you to perfection is suffering." Every one, I
should think, who has such an ideal before him, must feel a wider
sympathy; and he will have a burning desire to become a "Schopenhauer
man";--pure and wonderfully patient, on his intellectual side full of
a devouring fire, and far removed from the cold and contemptuous
"neutrality" of the so-called scientific man; so high above any
warped and morose outlook on life as to offer himself as the first
victim of the truth he has won, with a deep consciousness of the
sufferings that must spring from his sincerity. His courage will
destroy his happiness on earth, he must be an enemy to the men he

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions; Homer and Classical Philology Complete Works, Volume Three

Page 15
But we were silent, for we wished above all to keep our secret.
Page 18
And to show how little we had been actuated by thoughts of utility or by the prospect of speedy advancement and rapid success, on that day we were struck by the comforting consideration that, even then, we had not yet decided what we should be--we had not even troubled ourselves at all on this head.
Page 25
No suspicion of superciliousness or arrogance had induced him to form this resolve.
Page 37
If only this respect for language did not hang in the air so, like a theoretical burden which one is pleased to throw off the moment one turns to one's mother-tongue! More often than not, the classical master makes pretty short work of the mother-tongue; from the outset he treats it as a department of knowledge in which one is allowed that indolent ease with which the German treats everything that belongs to his native soil.
Page 46
But these people I am speaking of are so barbaric that they dispose of these relics to suit themselves: all their modern conveniences and fancies are brought with them and concealed among those ancient pillars and tombstones, and it gives rise to great rejoicing when somebody finds, among the dust and cobwebs of antiquity, something that he himself had slyly hidden there not so very long before.
Page 51
" "But," said the philosopher's companion, "what purposes can the State have in view with such a strange aim? For that it has some State objects in view is seen in the manner in which the conditions of Prussian schools are admired by, meditated upon, and occasionally imitated by other States.
Page 64
' The matter we are now discussing is concerned with clear, urgent, and palpably evident realities: a man who knows anything of the question feels that there is a need which must be seen to, just like cold and hunger.
Page 66
And when the leader gives the word it will be re-echoed from rank to rank.
Page 68
Of this discipline and submission, however, the present institutions called by courtesy 'educational establishments' know nothing whatever, although I have no doubt that the public school was originally intended to be an institution for sowing the seeds of true culture, or at least as a preparation for it.
Page 70
" This was a task well suited to our tastes and abilities; so we loaded up as quickly as we could and pointed our weapons at the brilliant stars in the heavens, whilst the echo of that piercing cry died away in the distance.
Page 71
We had scarcely reached our side of the river when a broad and fiery, yet dull and uncertain light shot up, which plainly came from the opposite side of the Rhine.
Page 73
Such an importance cannot now be adopted by the universities as a standard; for, by their present system of grouping, they would be nothing more than institutions where public school students might go through finishing courses.
Page 75
As a rule he wishes to have as many hearers as possible; he is not content to have a few, and he is never satisfied with one only.
Page 81
But you are afraid of this spirit, and it has therefore come to pass that a cloud of another sort has thrown a heavy and oppressive atmosphere around your universities, in which your noble-minded scholars breathe wearily and with difficulty.
Page 82
"The student knew at that time at what depth a true educational institution must take root, namely, in an inward renovation and inspiration of the purest moral faculties.
Page 83
When, however, in spite of all this, leader and followers have at last met, wounded and sore, there is an impassioned feeling of rapture, like the echo of an ever-sounding lyre, a feeling which I can let you divine only by means of a simile.
Page 85
Page 86
Such an undecided and imperfect state of public opinion is damaging to a science in that its hidden and open enemies can work with much better prospects of success.
Page 88
When, however, even the friends of antiquity, possessed of such doubts and hesitations, point to our present classical philology as something questionable, what influence may we not ascribe to the outbursts of the "realists" and the claptrap of the heroes of the passing hour? To answer the latter on this occasion, especially when we consider the nature of the present assembly, would be highly injudicious; at any rate, if I do not wish to meet with the fate of that sophist who, when in Sparta, publicly undertook to praise and defend Herakles, when he was interrupted with the query: "But who then has found fault with him?" I cannot help thinking, however, that some of these scruples are still sounding in the ears of not a few in this gathering; for they may still be frequently heard from the lips of noble and artistically gifted men--as even an upright philologist must feel them, and feel them most painfully, at moments when his spirits are downcast.
Page 99
We grant that philology is not the creator of this world, not the composer of that immortal music; but is it not a merit, and a great merit, to be a mere virtuoso, and let the world for the first time hear that music which lay so long in obscurity, despised and undecipherable? Who was Homer previously to Wolf's brilliant investigations? A good old man, known at best as a "natural genius," at all events the child of a barbaric age, replete with faults against good taste and good morals.