Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 75

waste paper. The imminent risk that
his great work would be undone, merely by neglect, bred in him a
state of unrest--perilous and uncontrollable;--for no single adherent
of any note presented himself. It is tragic to watch his search for
any evidence of recognition: and his piercing cry of triumph at last,
that he would now really be read (_legor et legar_), touches us with
a thrill of pain. All the traits in which we do not see the great
philosopher show us the suffering man, anxious for his noblest
possessions; he was tortured by the fear of losing his little
property, and perhaps of no longer being able to maintain in its
purity his truly antique attitude towards philosophy. He often chose
falsely in his desire to find real trust and compassion in men, only
to return with a heavy heart to his faithful dog again. He was
absolutely alone, with no single friend of his own kind to comfort
him; and between one and none there lies an infinity--as ever between
something and nothing. No one who has true friends knows what real
loneliness means, though he may have the whole world in antagonism
round him. Ah, I see well ye do not know what isolation is! Whenever
there are great societies with governments and religions and public
opinions--where there is a tyranny, in short, there will the lonely
philosopher be hated: for philosophy offers an asylum to mankind
where no tyranny can penetrate, the inner sanctuary, the centre of
the heart's labyrinth: and the tyrants are galled at it. Here do the
lonely men lie hid: but here too lurks their greatest danger. These
men who have saved their inner freedom, must also live and be seen in
the outer world: they stand in countless human relations by their
birth, position, education and country, their own circumstances and
the importunity of others: and so they are presumed to hold an
immense number of opinions, simply because these happen to prevail:
every look that is not a denial counts as an assent, every motion of
the hand that does not destroy is regarded as an aid. These free and
lonely men know that they perpetually seem other than they are. While
they wish for nothing but truth and honesty, they are in a net of
misunderstanding; and that ardent desire cannot prevent a mist of
false opinions, of adaptations and wrong conclusions, of partial
misapprehension and intentional reticence, from gathering round their
actions. And there settles a cloud of melancholy on their brows: for
such natures hate the necessity of pretence worse than death: and

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Text Comparison with The Joyful Wisdom Complete Works, Volume Ten

Page 5
such severe sickness, and out of the sickness of strong suspicion--_new-born,_ with the skin cast; more sensitive, more wicked, with a finer taste for joy, with a more delicate tongue for all good things, with a merrier disposition, with a second and more dangerous innocence in joy; more childish at the same time, and a hundred times more refined than ever before.
Page 7
11.
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_ Those old capricious fancies, friend! You say your palate naught can please, I hear you bluster, spit and wheeze, My love, my patience soon will end! Pluck up your courage, follow me-- Here's a fat toad! Now then, don't blink, Swallow it whole, nor pause to think! From your dyspepsia you'll be free! 25.
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I mean to say that _the greater number of people_ do not find it contemptible to believe this or that, and live according to it, _without_ having been previously aware of the ultimate and surest reasons for and against it, and without even giving themselves any trouble about such reasons afterwards,--the most Sifted men and the noblest women still belong to this "greater number.
Page 20
--_The strongest and most evil spirits have hitherto advanced mankind the most: they always rekindled the sleeping passions--all orderly arranged society lulls the passions to sleep; they always reawakened the sense of comparison, of contradiction, of delight in the new, the adventurous, the untried; they compelled men to set opinion against opinion, ideal plan against ideal plan.
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_Out of the Distance.
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24.
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To leave the ground for once! To soar! To stray! To be mad!--that belonged to the paradise and the revelry of earlier times; while our felicity is like that of the shipwrecked man who has gone ashore, and places himself with both feet on the old, firm ground--in astonishment that it does not rock.
Page 62
Above all, however, people wanted to have the advantage of the elementary conquest which man experiences in himself when he hears music: rhythm is a constraint; it produces an unconquerable desire to yield, to join in; not only the step of the foot, but also the soul itself follows the measure,--probably the soul of the Gods also, as people thought! They attempted, therefore, to _constrain_ the Gods by rhythm, and to exercise a power over them; they threw poetry around the Gods like a magic noose.
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Let us be on our guard against saying that there are laws in nature.
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Pythagoras and Plato, perhaps also Empedocles, and already much earlier the Orphic enthusiasts, aimed at founding new religions; and the two first-named were so endowed with the qualifications for founding religions, that one cannot be sufficiently astonished at their failure: they just reached the point of founding sects.
Page 126
_--We are not always brave, and when we are weary, people of our stamp are liable to lament occasionally in this wise:--"It is so hard to cause pain to men--oh, that it should be necessary! What good is it to live concealed, when we do.
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_Prophetic Men.
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_Cheers for Physics!_--How many men are there who know how to observe? And among the few who do know,--how many observe themselves? "Everyone is furthest from himself"--all the "triers of the reins" know that to their discomfort; and the saying, "Know thyself," in the mouth of a God and spoken to man, is almost a mockery.
Page 155
The European disguises himself _in morality_ because he has become a sick, sickly, crippled animal, who has good reasons for being "tame," because he is almost an abortion, an imperfect, weak and clumsy thing.
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It seems to me, however, to be so in relation to whole races and successions of generations: where necessity and need have long compelled men to communicate with their fellows.
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No! The Germans of to-day are _not_ pessimists! And Schopenhauer was a pessimist, I repeat it once more, as a good European, and _not_ as a German.
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other hand (by means of books to which he has no right, or more intellectual society than he can digest), cannot help vitiating himself more and more, and making himself vain and irritable: such a thoroughly poisoned man--for intellect becomes poison, culture becomes poison, possession becomes poison, solitude becomes poison, to such ill-constituted beings--gets at last into a habitual state of vengeance and inclination for vengeance.
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But there are two kinds of sufferers: on the one hand those that suffer from _overflowing vitality,_ who need Dionysian art, and require a tragic view and insight into life; and on the other hand those who suffer from _reduced vitality,_ who seek repose, quietness, calm seas, and deliverance from themselves through art or knowledge, or else intoxication, spasm, bewilderment and madness.
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RIMUS REMEDIUM (_or a Consolation to Sick Poets_).