Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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veritas_ of
this arrangement was the basis of the new education and the new
state. So the modern German believes also in the _æterna veritas_ of
his education, of his kind of culture: and yet this belief will
fail--as the Platonic state would have failed--if the mighty German
lie be ever opposed by the truth, that the German has no culture
because he cannot build one on the basis of his education. He wishes
for the flower without the root or the stalk; and so he wishes in
vain. That is the simple truth, a rude and unpleasant truth, but yet
a mighty one.

But our first generation must be brought up in this "mighty truth,"
and must suffer from it too; for it must educate itself through it,
even against its own nature, to attain a new nature and manner of
life, which shall yet proceed from the old. So it might say to
itself, in the old Spanish phrase, "Defienda me Dios de my," God keep
me from myself, from the character, that is, which has been put into
me. It must taste that truth drop by drop, like a bitter, powerful
medicine. And every man in this generation must subdue himself to
pass the judgment on his own nature, which he might pass more easily
on his whole time:--"We are without instruction, nay, we are too
corrupt to live, to see and hear truly and simply, to understand what
is near and natural to us. We have not yet laid even the foundations
of culture, for we are not ourselves convinced that we have a sincere
life in us." We crumble and fall asunder, our whole being is divided,
half mechanically, into an inner and outer side; we are sown with
ideas as with dragon's teeth, and bring forth a new dragon-brood of
them; we suffer from the malady of words, and have no trust in any
feeling that is not stamped with its special word. And being such a
dead fabric of words and ideas, that yet has an uncanny movement in
it, I have still perhaps the right to say _cogito ergo sum_, though
not _vivo ergo cogito_. I am permitted the empty _esse_, not the full
green _vivere_. A primary feeling tells me that I am a thinking being
but not a living one, that I am no "animal," but at most a "cogital."
"Give me life, and I will soon make you a culture out of it"--will be
the cry of every man in this new generation, and they will all know
each other by this cry. But

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Text Comparison with The Case Of Wagner, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Selected Aphorisms.

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If I felt inclined to make any changes at all, these would take the form of extensive additions, tending to confirm rather than to modify the general argument it advances; but, any omissions of which I may have been guilty in the first place, have been so fully rectified since, thanks to the publication of the English translations of Daniel Halevy's and Henri Lichtenberger's works, "The Life of Friedrich Nietzsche,"(2) and "The Gospel of Superman,"(3) respectively, that, were it not for the fact that the truth about this matter cannot be repeated too often, I should have refrained altogether from including any fresh remarks of my own in this Third Edition.
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Readers interested in the Nietzsche-Wagner controversy will naturally look to these books for a final solution of all the difficulties which the problem presents.
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"human-all-too-human," but they still maintain that there are divine qualities in his music.
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Amid a good deal of jesting I wish to make one point clear which does not admit of levity.
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_ A typical _decadent_ who thinks himself necessary with his corrupted taste, who arrogates to himself a higher taste, who tries to establish his depravity as a law, as progress, as a fulfilment.
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The _colour of the melody is_ all-important here, _the melody itself_ is of no importance.
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must be on our guard.
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Everything that Wagner _cannot_ do is bad.
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In this quarter, if anywhere, Wagner's influence has really been _beneficent_.
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The aesthetes gave themselves away when out of three schools of German philosophy they waged an absurd war against Wagner's principles with "ifs" and "fors"--what did he care about principles, even his own!--The Germans themselves had enough instinctive good sense to dispense with every "if" and "for" in this matter.
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The others hesitated--that is their distinction.
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{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} Not to speak of the earnestness of the "marble statue".
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It was left to Mozart, to pour out the epoch of Louis XIV.
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{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} Wagner As The Apostle Of Chastity.
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Curious and terrible at the same time! It is for our relaxation that we have to pay most dearly! And should we wish after all to return to health, we then have no choice: we are compelled to burden ourselves _more_ heavily than we had been burdened before.
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" How the stage-cry of passion now stings our ears; how strange to our taste the whole romantic riot and sensuous bustle, which the cultured mob are so fond of, together with its aspirations to the sublime, to the exalted and the distorted, have become.
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My longing to see real men and their motives, received an extraordinary impetus from this humiliating experience.
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32.
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--Is the fact that this music when heard alone, is, as a whole intolerable (apart from a few intentionally isolated parts) in its _favour_? Suffice it to say that this music without its accompanying drama, is a perpetual contradiction of all the highest laws of style belonging to older music: he who thoroughly accustoms himself to it, loses all feeling for these laws.
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_ 17 See note on page 37.