Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 54

they were accustomed to stand outside the "world," and
cared little for the "process of the Christian Idea." Hence they have
generally remained unknown to history, and their very names are lost.
In Christian terms the devil is the prince of the world, and the lord
of progress and consequence: he is the power behind all "historical
power," and so will it remain, however ill it may sound to-day in
ears that are accustomed to canonise such power and consequence. The
world has become skilled at giving new names to things and even
baptizing the devil. It is truly an hour of great danger. Men seem to
be near the discovery that the egoism of individuals, groups or
masses has been at all times the lever of the "historical movements":
and yet they are in no way disturbed by the discovery, but proclaim
that "egoism shall be our god." With this new faith in their hearts,
they begin quite intentionally to build future history on egoism:
though it must be a clever egoism, one that allows of some
limitation, that it may stand firmer; one that studies history for
the purpose of recognising the foolish kind of egoism. Their study
has taught them that the state has a special mission in all future
egoistic systems: it will be the patron of all the clever egoisms, to
protect them with all the power of its military and police against
the dangerous outbreaks of the other kind. There is the same idea in
introducing history--natural as well as human history--among the
labouring classes, whose folly makes them dangerous. For men know
well that a grain of historical culture is able to break down the
rough, blind instincts and desires, or to turn them to the service of
a clever egoism. In fact they are beginning to think, with Edward von
Hartmann, of "fixing themselves with an eye to the future in their
earthly home, and making themselves comfortable there." Hartmann
calls this life the "manhood of humanity" with an ironical reference
to what is now called "manhood";--as if only our sober models of
selfishness were embraced by it; just as he prophesies an age of
graybeards following on this stage,--obviously another ironical
glance at our ancient time-servers. For he speaks of the ripe
discretion with which "they view all the stormy passions of their
past life and understand the vanity of the ends they seem to have
striven for." No, a manhood of crafty and historically cultured
egoism corresponds to an old age that hangs to life with no dignity
but a horrible tenacity, where the

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Text Comparison with The Will to Power, Book III and IV An Attempted Transvaluation of all Values

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In the torrent of evolutionary changes pillars must be made to stand, to which man can for a space hold tight and collect his senses.
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The _Judgment_--that is the faith: "This and this is so.
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We interpreted the possibility of _formularising_ phenomena as a result of the dominion of necessary law over all existence.
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553.
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585.
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No "_moral_ education" of humanity: but the _disciplinary school of scientific errors_ is necessary, because truth disgusts and creates a dislike of life, provided a man is not already irrevocably launched upon his _way,_ and bears the consequences of his honest standpoint with tragic pride.
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The will to _accumulate force_ is confined to the phenomenon of life, to nourishment, to procreation, to inheritance, to society, states, customs, authority.
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_ _(a)_ The ever-increasing _suppression_ of societies, and the latter's subjection by a smaller number of stronger individuals.
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.
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According as to whether a people feels: "the rights, the keenness of vision, and the gifts of leading, etc.
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.
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e.
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873.
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Seen from a distance such things are liable to deceive.
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He honours anything by choosing it, by conceding to it, by trusting it.
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themselves.