Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 38

a protecting cloud. But now men hate to become
ripe, for they honour history above life. They cry in triumph that
"science is now beginning to rule life." Possibly it might; but a
life thus ruled is not of much value. It is not such true _life_, and
promises much less for the future than the life that used to be
guided not by science, but by instincts and powerful illusions. But
this is not to be the age of ripe, alert and harmonious
personalities, but of work that may be of most use to the
commonwealth. Men are to be fashioned to the needs of the time, that
they may soon take their place in the machine. They must work in the
factory of the "common good" before they are ripe, or rather to
prevent them becoming ripe; for this would be a luxury that would
draw away a deal of power from the "labour market." Some birds are
blinded that they may sing better; I do not think men sing to-day
better than their grandfathers, though I am sure they are blinded
early. But light, too clear, too sudden and dazzling, is the infamous
means used to blind them. The young man is kicked through all the
centuries: boys who know nothing of war, diplomacy, or commerce are
considered fit to be introduced to political history. We moderns also
run through art galleries and hear concerts in the same way as the
young man runs through history. We can feel that one thing sounds
differently from another, and pronounce on the different "effects."
And the power of gradually losing all feelings of strangeness or
astonishment, and finally being pleased at anything, is called the
historical sense, or historical culture. The crowd of influences
streaming on the young soul is so great, the clods of barbarism and
violence flung at him so strange and overwhelming, that an assumed
stupidity is his only refuge. Where there is a subtler and stronger
self-consciousness we find another emotion too--disgust. The young
man has become homeless: he doubts all ideas, all moralities. He
knows "it was different in every age, and what you are does not
matter." In a heavy apathy he lets opinion on opinion pass by him,
and understands the meaning of Hölderlin's words when he read the
work of Diogenes Laertius on the lives and doctrines of the Greek
philosophers: "I have seen here too what has often occurred to me,
that the change and waste in men's thoughts and systems is far more
tragic than the fates that overtake what men are accustomed to call

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Text Comparison with The Case Of Wagner, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Selected Aphorisms.

Page 1
In the "Ecce Homo," Nietzsche's autobiography,--a book which from cover to cover and line for line is sincerity itself--we learn what Wagner actually meant to Nietzsche.
Page 5
" While reading them, however, it should not be forgotten that they were never intended for publication by Nietzsche himself--a fact which accounts for their unpolished and sketchy form--and that they were first published in vol.
Page 9
His music as well as his autobiography are proofs of his wonderful gifts in this direction.
Page 10
of the modern world for actors, sorcerers, bewilderers and idealists who are able to conceal the ill-health and the weakness that prevail, and who please by intoxicating and exalting.
Page 11
If in this essay I support the proposition that Wagner is _harmful_, I none the less wish to point out unto whom, in spite of all, he is indispensable--to the philosopher.
Page 14
The problem of salvation is even a venerable problem.
Page 16
Schiller, "noble" Schiller, who cried flowery words into their ears,--he was a man after their own heart.
Page 17
His principal undertaking, however, is to emancipate woman,--"to deliver Brunnhilda.
Page 18
His powers of seduction attain monstrous proportions, holy incense hangs around him, the misunderstanding concerning him is called the Gospel,--and he has certainly not converted only the _poor in spirit_ to his cause! I should like to open the window a little:--Air! More air!-- The fact that people in Germany deceive themselves concerning Wagner does not surprise me.
Page 20
--We must try and be clear concerning this question.
Page 29
Are they not one and all, like Wagner himself, on _quite intimate terms_.
Page 30
_: _la gaya scienza_; light feet, wit, fire, grave, grand logic, stellar dancing, wanton intellectuality, the vibrating light of the South, the calm sea--perfection.
Page 35
But they have already made their choice.
Page 39
To philosophers the "Case.
Page 44
think that all music is the music of the "marble statue"?--that all music should, so to speak, spring out of the wall and shake the listener to his very bowels?{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} Only thus could music have any effect! But on whom would the effect be made? Upon something on which a noble artist ought never to deign to act,--upon the mob, upon the immature! upon the blases! upon the diseased! upon idiots! upon _Wagnerites_!{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} A Music Without A Future.
Page 45
But there are two kinds of sufferers:--those that suffer from _overflowing vitality_, who need Dionysian art and require a tragic insight into, and a tragic outlook upon, the phenomenon life,--and there are those who suffer from _reduced_ vitality, and who crave for repose, quietness, calm seas, or else the intoxication, the spasm, the bewilderment which art and philosophy provide.
Page 52
It is conceivable that it is just from woman--who is clairvoyant in the world of suffering, and, alas! also unfortunately eager to help and save to an extent far beyond her powers--that _they_ have learnt so readily those outbreaks of boundless _sympathy_ which the multitude, above all the reverent multitude, overwhelms with prying and self-gratifying interpretations.
Page 56
" This should be applied to Wagner's art.
Page 63
7 Senta is the heroine in the "Flying Dutchman"--_Tr.
Page 64
This book, which is a touchstone by which I can discover who are my peers, rejoices in being accessible only to the most elevated and most severe minds: the others have not the ears to hear me.