Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 34

emotion, and the driest
phrase is the correct one. They go so far as to accept a man who is
_not affected at all_ by some particular moment in the past as the
right man to describe it. This is the usual relation of the Greeks
and the classical scholars. They have nothing to do with each
other--and this is called "objectivity"! The intentional air of
detachment that is assumed for effect, the sober art of the
superficial motive-hunter is most exasperating when the highest and
rarest things are in question; and it is the _vanity_ of the
historian that drives him to this attitude of indifference. He goes
to justify the axiom that a man's vanity corresponds to his lack of
wit. No, be honest at any rate! Do not pretend to the artist's
strength, that is the real objectivity; do not try to be just, if you
are not born to that dread vocation. As if it were the task of every
time to be just to everything before it! Ages and generations have
never the right to be the judges of all previous ages and
generations: only to the rarest men in them can that difficult
mission fall. Who compels you to judge? If it is your wish--you must
prove first that you are capable of justice. As judges, you must
stand higher than that which is to be judged: as it is, you have only
come later. The guests that come last to the table should rightly
take the last places: and will you take the first? Then do some great
and mighty deed: the place may be prepared for you then, even though
you do come last.

_You can only explain the past by what is highest in the present._
Only by straining the noblest qualities you have to their highest
power will you find out what is greatest in the past, most worth
knowing and preserving. Like by like! otherwise you will draw the
past to your own level. Do not believe any history that does not
spring from the mind of a rare spirit. You will know the quality of
the spirit, by its being forced to say something universal, or to
repeat something that is known already; the fine historian must have
the power of coining the known into a thing never heard before and
proclaiming the universal so simply and profoundly that the simple is
lost in the profound, and the profound in the simple. No one can be a
great historian and artist, and a shallowpate at the same time. But
one must not despise the

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Text Comparison with Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits

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he overturns whatever he finds veiled or protected by any reverential awe: he would see what these things look like when they are overturned.
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Now in the case of philosophy, as forming the apex of the scientific pyramid, this question of the utility of knowledge is necessarily brought.
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Very tardily--only now--it dawns upon men that they have propagated a monstrous error in their belief in language.
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If we close our eyes the brain immediately conjures up a medley of impressions of light and color, apparently a sort of imitation and echo of the impressions forced in upon the brain during its waking moments.
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They can now devise better conditions for the advancement of mankind, for their nourishment, training and education, they can administer the earth as an economic power, and, particularly, compare the capacities of men and select them accordingly.
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29 =Intoxicated by the Perfume of Flowers.
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Sache is of very indefinite application (res).
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in view, but isolated portions of it.
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34 =For Tranquility.
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The repulsive aspect of psychological dissection, with the knife and tweezers entailed by the process, can no longer be spared humanity.
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53 =Presumed Degrees of Truth.
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As they spread this doubt, they lay anew the prop of their power: even the free thinkers dare not oppose such disinterestedness with severe truth and cry: "Thou deceived one, deceive not!"--Only the difference of standpoint separates them.
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One evil only did not fly out of the box: Pandora shut the lid at the behest of Zeus and it remained inside.
Page 47
would be without vanity! As it is, it resembles a well stacked and ever renewed ware-emporium that attracts buyers of every class: they can find almost everything, have almost everything, provided they bring with them the right kind of money--admiration.
Page 48
=--We are praised or blamed, as the one or the other may be expedient, for displaying to advantage our power of discernment.
Page 70
But when it opens its eyes it finds itself always in paradise.
Page 72
=--Careful consideration must render it possible to propound some explanation of that process in the soul of a Christian which is termed need of salvation, and to propound an explanation,.
Page 74
)--Further: the idea of a god perturbs and discourages as long as it is.
Page 75
The truth is that joy in his own being, the fulness of his own powers in connection with the inevitable decline of his profound excitation with the lapse of time, bore off the palm of victory.
Page 76
Upon gaining an insight into this wandering of the reason and the imagination, one ceases to be a Christian.