Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 31

two flutes for the
use of dreaming opium-smokers. We can now judge how these virtuosi
stand towards the claim of the modern man to a higher and purer
conception of justice. This virtue has never a pleasing quality; it
never charms; it is harsh and strident. Generosity stands very low on
the ladder of the virtues in comparison; and generosity is the mark
of a few rare historians! Most of them only get as far as tolerance,
in other words they leave what cannot be explained away, they correct
it and touch it up condescendingly, on the tacit assumption that the
novice will count it as justice if the past be narrated without
harshness or open expressions of hatred. But only superior strength
can really judge; weakness must tolerate, if it do not pretend to be
strength and turn justice to a play-actress. There is still a
dreadful class of historians remaining--clever, stern and honest, but
narrow-minded: who have the "good will" to be just with a pathetic
belief in their actual judgments, which are all false; for the same
reason, almost, as the verdicts of the usual juries are false. How
difficult it is to find a real historical talent, if we exclude all
the disguised egoists, and the partisans who pretend to take up an
impartial attitude for the sake of their own unholy game! And we also
exclude the thoughtless folk who write history in the naïve faith
that justice resides in the popular view of their time, and that to
write in the spirit of the time is to be just; a faith that is found
in all religions, and which, in religion, serves very well. The
measurement of the opinions and deeds of the past by the universal
opinions of the present is called "objectivity" by these simple
people: they find the canon of all truth here: their work is to adapt
the past to the present triviality. And they call all historical
writing "subjective" that does not regard these popular opinions as

Might not an illusion lurk in the highest interpretation of the word
objectivity? We understand by it a certain standpoint in the
historian, who sees the procession of motive and consequence too
clearly for it to have an effect on his own personality. We think of
the æsthetic phenomenon of the detachment from all personal concern
with which the painter sees the picture and forgets himself, in a
stormy landscape, amid thunder and lightning, or on a rough sea: and
we require the same artistic vision and absorption in his object from
the historian. But it is only a

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions; Homer and Classical Philology Complete Works, Volume Three

Page 2
In short, it is for the few.
Page 15
A number of voices could be heard in the distance--they were those of our fellow-students who by that time must have taken to the Rhine in small boats.
Page 21
' According to the morality reigning here, the demands are quite different; what is required above all is 'rapid education,' so that a money-earning creature may be produced with all speed; there is even a desire to make this education so thorough that a creature may be reared that will be able to earn a _great deal_ of money.
Page 28
"Instead of that purely practical method of instruction by which the teacher accustoms his pupils to severe self-discipline in their own language, we find everywhere the rudiments of a historico-scholastic method of teaching the mother-tongue: that is to say,.
Page 34
It is a hard time: one almost fears that the tendons are going to snap and one ceases to hope that the artificial and consciously acquired movements and positions of the feet will ever be carried out with ease and comfort.
Page 48
And such a usefully employed philologist would now fain be a teacher! He now undertakes to teach the youth of the public schools something about the ancient writers, although he himself has read them without any particular impression, much less with insight! What a dilemma! Antiquity has said nothing to him, consequently he has nothing to say about antiquity.
Page 53
For what, after all, do we know about the difficult task of governing men, _i.
Page 54
" This spirit, linked to the Greeks by the noblest ties, and shown by its past history to have been steadfast and courageous, pure and lofty in its aims, its faculties qualifying it for the high task of freeing modern man from the curse of modernity--this spirit is condemned to live apart, banished from its inheritance.
Page 60
Our course is only zig-zag as a rule.
Page 67
' Even the very best of men now yield to these temptations: and it cannot be said that the.
Page 70
"They understand us," said the philosopher, laughing, "and who indeed could resist when such a dazzling phantom comes within range?" "Hush!" interrupted his friend, "what sort of a company can it be that returns the signal to us in such a way? I should say they were between twenty and forty strong, manly voices in that crowd--and where would such a number come from to greet us? They don't appear to have left the opposite bank of the Rhine.
Page 71
We therefore set off hastily towards this little spot, taking care, however, not to go too quickly for the philosopher's comfort.
Page 73
If Latin and Greek studies prove insufficient to make a student an enthusiastic admirer of antiquity, the methods with which such studies are pursued are at all events sufficient to awaken the scientific sense, the desire for a more strict causality of knowledge, the passion for finding out and inventing.
Page 79
He who surveys the greatest.
Page 86
classical and everlasting standards.
Page 90
It may be remarked as most characteristic of this hypothesis that, in the strictest sense, the personality of Homer is treated seriously; that a certain standard of inner harmony is everywhere presupposed in the manifestations of the personality; and that, with these two excellent auxiliary hypotheses, whatever is.
Page 94
They were, however, ready to consider that kernel as being of the smallest possible dimensions, so that they might occasionally get rid of it altogether without losing anything of the mass of the avalanche.
Page 97
It is not only probable that everything which was created in those times with conscious æsthetic insight,.
Page 98
The generation that invented those numerous Homeric fables, that poetised the myth of the contest between Homer and Hesiod, and looked upon all the poems of the epic cycle as Homeric, did not feel an æsthetic but a material singularity when it pronounced the name "Homer.
Page 99
We grant that philology is not the creator of this world, not the composer of that immortal music; but is it not a merit, and a great merit, to be a mere virtuoso, and let the world for the first time hear that music which lay so long in obscurity, despised and undecipherable? Who was Homer previously to Wolf's brilliant investigations? A good old man, known at best as a "natural genius," at all events the child of a barbaric age, replete with faults against good taste and good morals.