Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 122

Let the philosophers run
wild, forbid them any thoughts of office or civic position, hold them
out no more bribes,--nay, rather persecute them and treat them
ill,--you will see a wonderful result. They will flee in terror and
seek a roof where they can, these poor phantasms; one will become a
parson, another a schoolmaster, another will creep into an
editorship, another write school-books for young ladies' colleges,
the wisest of them will plough the fields, the vainest go to court.
Everything will be left suddenly empty, the birds flown: for it is
easy to get rid of bad philosophers,--one only has to cease paying
them. And that is a better plan than the open patronage of any
philosophy, whatever it be, for state reasons.

The state has never any concern with truth, but only with the truth
useful to it, or rather, with anything that is useful to it, be it
truth, half-truth, or error. A coalition between state and philosophy
has only meaning when the latter can promise to be unconditionally
useful to the state, to put its well-being higher than truth. It
would certainly be a noble thing for the state to have truth as a
paid servant; but it knows well enough that it is the essence of
truth to be paid nothing and serve nothing. So the state's servant
turns out to be merely "false truth," a masked actor who cannot
perform the office required from the real truth--the affirmation of
the state's worth and sanctity. When a mediæval prince wished to be
crowned by the Pope, but could not get him to consent, he appointed
an antipope to do the business for him. This may serve up to a
certain point; but not when the modern state appoints an
"anti-philosophy" to legitimise it; for it has true philosophy
against it just as much as before, or even more so. I believe in all
seriousness that it is to the state's advantage to have nothing
further to do with philosophy, to demand nothing from it, and let it
go its own way as much as possible. Without this indifferent
attitude, philosophy may become dangerous and oppressive, and will
have to be persecuted.--The only interest the state can have in the
university lies in the training of obedient and useful citizens; and
it should hesitate to put this obedience and usefulness in doubt by
demanding an examination in philosophy from the young men. To make a
bogey of philosophy may be an excellent way to frighten the idle and
incompetent from its study; but this advantage is not enough to
counterbalance the danger that

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with Dityrambeja

Page 0
Karisto 1907.
Page 1
»Tuli valloilla on!» kävi myrskyisä huuto kun sankari sortui.
Page 2
Ei Rooma kuunnellut sankarin ääntä, nyt laulua kalpojen kuulla se saapi.
Page 3
Yö hälvenee ja taiston aallot raukee, on sammunut jo mielen hurja uhka, on voitto tasavallan, hauta aukee nyt sankarin, mut kerran syttyy tuhka, mi maassa lepää, mutta tulta yhä salassa vaalii, helmahansa sulkee sen kipinän, mi lieskan uuden siittää, lyö kerran hetki, voimakas ja pyhä, jolloinka kohti määrää uutta kulkee taas Rooma, kansat kansoin jälleen liittää, lait ihmisille laatii, ohjat ottaa käskystä valtiaan, mi nousee kerran ja astinlaudaksensa lyöpi maan.
Page 4
Mitä ompi voitosta, päämäärä taistellessa vain on pyhä.
Page 5
Syksy saapuu.
Page 6
Syksy saapuu.