Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 119

It is, of course, not an education in
philosophy at all, but in the art of passing a philosophical
examination: the usual result being the pious ejaculation of the
wearied examinee, "Thank God I am no philosopher, but a Christian and
a good citizen!"

What if this cry were the ultimate object of the state, and the
"education" or leading to philosophy were merely a leading _from_
philosophy? We may well ask.--But if so, there is one thing to
fear--that the youth may some day find out to what end philosophy is
thus mis-handled. "Is the highest thing of all, the production of the
philosophical genius, nothing but a pretext, and the main object
perhaps to hinder his production? And is Reason turned to
Unreason?"--Then woe to the whole machinery of political and
professorial trickery!

Will it soon become notorious? I do not know; but anyhow university
philosophy has fallen into a general state of doubting and despair.
The cause lies partly in the feebleness of those who hold the chairs
at present: and if Schopenhauer had to write his treatise on
university philosophy to-day, he would find the club no longer
necessary, but could conquer with a bulrush. They are the heirs and
successors of those slip-shod thinkers whose crazy heads Schopenhauer
struck at: their childish natures and dwarfish frames remind one of
the Indian proverb: "men are born according to their deeds, deaf,
dumb, misshapen." Those fathers deserved such sons, "according to
their deeds," as the proverb says. Hence the students will, no doubt,
soon get on without the philosophy taught at their university, just
as those who are not university men manage to do without it already.
This can be tested from one's own experience: in my student-days, for
example, I found the university philosophers very ordinary men
indeed, who had collected together a few conclusions from the other
sciences, and in their leisure hours read the newspapers and went to
concerts; they were treated by their academic colleagues with
politely veiled contempt. They had the reputation of knowing very
little, but of never being at a loss for obscure expressions to
conceal their ignorance. They had a preference for those obscure
regions where a man could not walk long with clear vision. One said
of the natural sciences,--"Not one of them can fully explain to me
the origin of matter; then what do I care about them all?"--Another
said of history, "It tells nothing new to the man with ideas": in
fact, they always found reasons for its being more philosophical to
know nothing than to learn anything. If they let themselves be drawn
to learn, a

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Text Comparison with The Will to Power, Book III and IV An Attempted Transvaluation of all Values

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DIONYSUS III.
Page 33
_ It is the _belief in_ living and thinking things, as the only agents of _causation_; it is the belief in will, in design--the belief that all phenomena are actions, and that all actions presuppose an agent; it is the belief in the "subject.
Page 38
.
Page 40
Thus: the physical explanation, which is the symbolisation of the world by means of feeling and thought, cannot in itself make feeling and thinking originate again and show its derivation: physics must rather construct the world of feeling, consistently _without feeling or purpose _ right up to the highest man.
Page 84
.
Page 100
Observe how every type in society has become atrophied with regard to certain emotions with the view of fostering and accentuating other emotions.
Page 122
_ _Proposition one.
Page 125
_--Tr.
Page 130
_ in the case of loathing, implies an act of judgment.
Page 136
necessary fault: for the artist who would begin to understand himself would therewith begin to mistake himself--he must not look backwards, he must not look at all; he must give.
Page 142
" The attempt to perform new things: revolution, Napoleon.
Page 143
The recourse to drama betrays that an artist is much more a master in tricky means than in genuine ones.
Page 153
.
Page 161
aspect of the future European: the latter regarded as the most intelligent servile animal, very industrious, at bottom very modest, inquisitive to excess, multifarious, pampered, weak of will,--a chaos of cosmopolitan passions and intelligences.
Page 168
_ (In a certain sense _the latter can maintain and develop himself most easily in a democratic society:_ there where the coarser means of defence are no longer necessary, and a certain habit of order, honesty, justice, trust, is already a general condition.
Page 206
--Another expedient is to declare its evil and harmful character to be but apparent: the consequences of accidental occurrences, and of uncertainty and the unexpected, are interpreted as _well-meant,_ as reasonable.
Page 210
_ that which is forbidden him and which is hostile to him) everywhere.
Page 213
The kind of _experimental philosophy_ which I am living, even anticipates the possibility of the most fundamental Nihilism, on principle: but by this I do not.
Page 216
At bottom, I troubled about nothing save the solution of the question, why precisely Greek Apollonianism should have been forced to grow out of a Dionysian soil: the Dionysian Greek had need of being Apollonian; that is to say in order to break his will to the titanic, to the complex, to the uncertain, to the horrible by a will to measure, to simplicity, and to submission to rule and concept.
Page 222
The concept create is to-day utterly indefinable and unrealisable; it is but a word which hails from superstitious ages, nothing can be explained with a word.