Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 115

man who will reproach him,
as Niebuhr did Plato, with being a bad citizen, may do so, and be
himself a good one; so he and Plato will be right together! Another
may call this great freedom presumption; he is also right, as he
could not himself use the freedom properly if he desired it, and
would certainly presume too far with it. This freedom is really a
grave burden of guilt; and can only be expiated by great actions.
Every ordinary son of earth has the right of looking askance on such
endowments; and may Providence keep him from being so endowed--
burdened, that is, with such terrible duties! His freedom and his
loneliness would be his ruin, and ennui would turn him into a fool,
and a mischievous fool at that.

A father may possibly learn something from this that he may use for
his son's private education, though one must not expect fathers to
have only philosophers for their sons. It is possible that they will
always oppose their sons becoming philosophers, and call it mere
perversity; Socrates was sacrificed to the fathers' anger, for
"corrupting the youth," and Plato even thought a new ideal state
necessary to prevent the philosophers' growth from being dependent on
the fathers' folly. It looks at present as though Plato had really
accomplished something; for the modern state counts the encouragement
of philosophy as one of its duties and tries to secure for a number
of men at a time the sort of freedom that conditions the philosopher.
But, historically, Plato has been very unlucky; as soon as a
structure has risen corresponding actually to his proposals, it has
always turned, on a closer view, into a goblin-child, a monstrous
changeling; compare the ecclesiastical state of the Middle Ages with
the government of the "God-born king" of which Plato dreamed! The
modern state is furthest removed from the idea of the Philosopher-king
(Thank Heaven for that! the Christian will say); but we must
think whether it takes that very "encouragement of philosophy" in a
Platonic sense, I mean as seriously and honestly as if its highest
object were to produce more Platos. If the philosopher seem, as
usual, an accident of his time, does the state make it its conscious
business to turn the accidental into the necessary and help Nature
here also?

Experience teaches us a better way--or a worse: it says that nothing
so stands in the way of the birth and growth of Nature's philosopher
as the bad philosophers made "by order." A poor obstacle, isn't it?
and the same that Schopenhauer pointed out in his famous

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Text Comparison with The Case of Wagner Complete Works, Volume 8

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LUDOVICI IV WE PHILOLOGISTS TRANSLATED BY J.
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99-129) only when he was a helpless invalid, in 1897.
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His success in his time, as in ours, is due to the craving of the modern world for actors, sorcerers, bewilderers and idealists who are able to conceal the ill-health and the weakness that prevail, and who please by intoxicating and exalting.
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LONDON, JULY 1911.
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.
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When a musician can no longer count up to three, he becomes "dramatic," he becomes "Wagnerian.
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As long as we are young, and Wagnerites into the bargain, we regard Wagner as rich, even as the model of a prodigal giver, even as a great landlord in the realm of sound.
Page 31
The Germans, these _loiterers par excellence,_ as history shows, are to-day the most backward among the civilised nations of Europe: this has its advantages,--for they are thus relatively the youngest.
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.
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Even at the present day, France is still the refuge of the most intellectual and refined culture in Europe, it remains the high school of taste: but one must know where to find this France of taste.
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.
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_ 36.
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He measures himself on others; he first of all gives his listeners intoxicating drinks in order to lead them into believing that it _was the music that intoxicated them.
Page 66
It follows from this that old men are well suited to be philologists if they were not such during that portion of their life which was richest in experiences.
Page 70
"Your own salvation above everything"--that is what you should say; and there are no institutions which you should prize more highly than your own soul.
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45 I deplore a system of education which does not enable people to understand Wagner, and as the result of which Schopenhauer sounds harsh and discordant in our ears: such a system of education has missed its aim.
Page 79
It is my educators to whom you should apply.
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93 The consistency which is prized in a savant is pedantry if applied to the Greeks.
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The nature of their intuitive insight into misery, despite their bright and genial temperament.
Page 99
We have outstripped the Greeks in the clarifying of the world by our studies of nature and men.