to which we are able to
endure life. We have _ceased_ from attaching any worth to what we
know, and we _dare_ not attach any more worth to that with which we
would fain deceive ourselves--from this antagonism there results a
process of dissolution.
This is the _antinomy_: In so far as we believe in morality, we condemn
The highest values in the service of which man ought to live, more
particularly when they oppressed and constrained him most--these
_social values, owing to their tone-strengthening_ tendencies,
were built over men's heads as though they were the will of God or
"reality," or the actual world, or even a hope of a world to come.
Now that the lowly origin of these values has become known, the
whole universe seems to have been transvalued and to have lost its
significance--but this is only an intermediate stage.
The consequence of _Nihilism_ (disbelief in all values) as a result
of a moral valuation:--_We have grown to dislike egotism_ (even
though we have realised the impossibility of altruism);--_we have
grown to dislike what is most necessary_ (although we have recognised
the impossibility of a _liberum arbitrium_ and of an "intelligible
freedom"). We perceive that we do not reach the spheres in which we
have set our values--at the same time those other spheres in which we
live have _not_ thereby gained _one iota_ in value. On the contrary, we
are _tired,_ because we have lost the main incentive to live. "All in
"Pessimism as a preparatory state to Nihilism."
A. Pessimism viewed as strength--_in what respect?_ In the energy of
its logic, as anarchy, Nihilism, and analysis.
B. Pessimism regarded as collapse--_in what sense?_ In the sense of
its being a softening influence, a sort of cosmopolitan befingering, a
"tout comprendre," and historical spirit.
_Critical tension_: extremes make their appearance and become dominant.
_The logic of Pessimism leads finally to Nihilism: what is the force at
work?_--The notion that _there are no values,_ and _no purpose_: the
recognition of the part that moral valuations have played in all other
Result: _moral valuations are condemnations, negations; morality is the
abdication of the will to live...._
[Footnote 1: This is a Kantian term. Kant recognised two kinds of
Freedom--the practical and the transcendental kind. The first belongs
to the phenomenal, the second to the intelligible world.--TRANSLATOR'S
THE COLLAPSE OF COSMOPOLITAN VALUES.
Nihilism will have to manifest itself as a _psychological condition,
first_ when we have sought in all that has happened a purpose which
is not there: so that the seeker will ultimately lose courage.
Nihilism is therefore the coming into consciousness of the long
Readers interested in the Nietzsche-Wagner controversy will naturally look to these books for a final solution of all the difficulties which the problem presents.Page 13
Perhaps you are beginning to perceive how very much this music _improves_ me?--_Il faut mÃ©diterraniser la musique:_ and.Page 26
For example, let us suppose that Wagner requires a female voice.Page 32
Many also, however (it was singular enough), made this slight alteration in it: "Salvation _from_ the Saviour" --People began to breathe again.Page 35
Wagner has not the power to unlock and liberate the soul of those he frequents: Wagner is not sure of himself, but distrustful and arrogant.Page 67
It should be ascertained to what extent our present means make this last object impossible.Page 77
A great superficiality in the conception of antiquity--little else than an appreciation of its formal accomplishments and its knowledge--must thereby have been brought about.Page 89
Envy, jealousy, as among gifted people.Page 90
Homer is, in the world of the Hellenic discord, the pan-Hellenic Greek.Page 94
144 The naÃ¯ve character of the Greeks observed by the Egyptians.Page 96
Just think how rare it is to find a man with as great an intelligent knowledge of his own life as Goethe had: what amount of rationality can we expect to find arising out of these other veiled and blind existences as they work chaotically with and in opposition to each other? And it is especially naÃ¯ve when Hellwald, the author of a history of culture, warns us away from all "ideals," simply because history has killed them off one after the other 156 To bring to light without reserve the stupidity and the want of reason in human things: that is the aim of _our_ brethren and colleagues.Page 97
" It was common to hear the saying, "Antiquity has been conquered by Christianity.Page 98
 [Footnote 14: Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann (1772-1848), noted for his works on metre and Greek grammar.Page 99
Finally, that we would much rather live in the present age than in any other is due to science; and certainly no other race in the history of mankind has had such a wide choice of noble enjoyments as ours--even if our race has not the palate and stomach to experience a great deal of joy.Page 101
As soon as they recognise the goal they condemn themselves to death: for their goal is to describe ancient culture itself as one to be demolished.Page 106
The feeble and poor in spirit must not be allowed to judge life.