view of conjuring in some way the cause of wars.
A condition of excessive _consciousness,_ after the worst of
earthquakes: with new questions.
It is the time of the _great noon, of the most appalling
enlightenment_: my particular kind of _Pessimism_: the great
(1) Fundamental contradiction between civilisation and the elevation of
(2) Moral valuations regarded as a history of lies and the art of
calumny in the service of the Will to Power (of the will of the _herd,_
which rises against stronger men).
(3) The conditions which determine every elevation in culture (the
facilitation of a _selection_ being made at the cost of a crowd) are
the _conditions_ of all growth.
(4). _The multiformity_ of the world as a question of _strength,_
which sees all things in the _perspective of their growth._ The moral
Christian values to be regarded as the insurrection and mendacity of
slaves (in comparison with the aristocratic values of the _ancient
CRITICISM OF THE HIGHEST VALUES THAT HAVE PREVAILED HITHERTO.
CRITICISM OF RELIGION.
All the beauty and sublimity with which we have invested real and
imagined things, I will show to be the property and product of man, and
this should be his most beautiful apology. Man as a poet, as a thinker,
as a god, as love, as power. Oh, the regal liberality with which he
has lavished gifts upon things in order _to impoverish_ himself and
make himself feel wretched! Hitherto, this has been his greatest
disinterestedness, that he admired and worshipped, and knew how to
conceal from himself that _he_ it was who had created what he admired.
1. CONCERNING THE ORIGIN OF RELIGIONS.
_The origin of religion._--Just as the illiterate man of to-day
believes that his wrath is the cause of his being angry, that his
mind is the cause of his thinking, that his soul is the cause of
his feeling, in short, just as a mass of psychological entities
are still unthinkingly postulated as causes; so, in a still more
primitive age, the same phenomena were interpreted by man by means of
personal entities. Those conditions of his soul which seemed strange,
overwhelming, and rapturous, he regarded as obsessions and bewitching
influences emanating from the power of some personality. (Thus the
Christian, the most puerile and backward man of this age, traces hope,
peace, and the feeling of deliverance to a psychological inspiration
on the part of God: being by nature a sufferer and a creature in need
of repose, states of happiness, peace, and resignation, perforce seem
strange to him, and seem to need some explanation.) Among intelligent,
strong, and vigorous races, the epileptic is mostly
" My brother writes as follows about the origin of the first part of "Zarathustra":--"In the winter of 1882-83, I was living on the charming little Gulf of Rapallo, not far from Genoa, and between Chiavari and Cape Porto Fino.Page 23
What is the heaviest thing, ye heroes? asketh the load-bearing spirit, that I may take it upon me and rejoice in my strength.Page 40
" Just see these superfluous ones! They steal the works of the inventors and the treasures of the wise.Page 66
disguised affliction convince! Verily, their Saviours themselves came not from freedom and freedom's seventh heaven! Verily, they themselves never trod the carpets of knowledge! Of defects did the spirit of those Saviours consist; but into every defect had they put their illusion, their stop-gap, which they called God.Page 79
Then did ye seduce my favourite minstrel.Page 94
Alas, how shall I preserve my light through it! That it may not smother in this sorrowfulness! To remoter worlds shall it be a light, and also to remotest nights! Thus did Zarathustra go about grieved in his heart, and.Page 107
Then did he begin to speak thus: To you, the daring venturers and adventurers, and whoever hath embarked with cunning sails upon frightful seas,-- To you the enigma-intoxicated, the twilight-enjoyers, whose souls are allured by flutes to every treacherous gulf: --For ye dislike to grope at a thread with cowardly hand; and where ye can DIVINE, there do ye hate to CALCULATE-- To you only do I tell the enigma that I SAW--the vision of the lonesomest one.Page 118
ON THE OLIVE-MOUNT.Page 129
doth the high stoop to the low? And what enjoineth even the highest still--to grow upwards?-- Now stand the scales poised and at rest: three heavy questions have I thrown in; three heavy answers carrieth the other scale.Page 130
" With its words of good and bad doth such self-enjoyment shelter itself as with sacred groves; with the names of its happiness doth it banish from itself everything contemptible.Page 132
Especially the strong load-bearing man in whom reverence resideth.Page 151
Thy graciousness and over-graciousness, is it which will not complain and weep: and yet, O my soul, longeth thy smiling for tears, and thy trembling mouth for sobs.Page 172
At last the latter began: "He who most loved and possessed him hath now also lost him most--: --Lo, I myself am surely the most godless of us at present? But who could rejoice at that!"-- --"Thou servedst him to the last?" asked Zarathustra thoughtfully, after a deep silence, "thou knowest HOW he died? Is it true what they say, that sympathy choked him; --That he saw how MAN hung on the cross, and could not endure it;--that his love to man became his hell, and at.Page 173
"-- "Thou old pope," said here Zarathustra interposing, "hast thou seen THAT with thine eyes? It could well have happened in that way: in that way, AND also otherwise.Page 182
With thee have I pushed into all the forbidden, all the worst and the furthest: and if there be anything of virtue in me, it is that I have had no fear of any prohibition.Page 184
In falling asleep, however, Zarathustra spake thus to his heart: "Hush! Hush! Hath not the world now become perfect? What hath happened unto me? As a delicate wind danceth invisibly upon parqueted seas, light, feather-light, so--danceth sleep upon me.Page 214
What follows is clear enough.Page 235
Here we first get a direct hint concerning Nietzsche's fundamental passion--the main force behind all his new values and scathing criticism of existing values.Page 247
, his pronounced histrionic tendencies, his dissembling powers, his inordinate vanity, his equivocalness, his falseness.