such violent tension.
Dissatisfaction, Nihilism, _might be a good sign._
_General survey._--As a matter of fact, all abundant growth involves a
concomitant process of _crumbling to bits_ and _decay_: suffering and
the symptoms of decline _belong_ to ages of enormous progress; every
fruitful and powerful movement of mankind has always _brought about_
a concurrent Nihilistic movement. Under certain circumstances, the
appearance of _the extremest_ form of Pessimism and actual _Nihilism_
might be the sign of a process of incisive and most essential growth,
and of mankind's transit into completely new conditions of existence.
_This is what I have understood._
Starting out with a thoroughly courageous _appreciation_ of our men of
to-day:--we must not allow ourselves to be deceived by appearance: this
mankind is much less effective, but it gives quite different pledges
of _lasting strength,_ its tempo is slower, but the rhythm itself is
richer. _Healthiness_ is increasing, the real conditions of a healthy
body are on the point of being known, and will gradually be created,
"asceticism" is regarded with irony. The fear of extremes, a certain
confidence in the "right way," no raving: a periodical self-habituation
to narrower values (such as "mother-land," "science," etc.).
This whole picture, however, would still be _ambiguous_: it might be a
movement either of _increase_ or _decline_ in Life.
The belief in "progress"--in lower spheres of intelligence, appears as
increasing life: but this is self-deception;
in higher spheres of intelligence it is a sign of
Description of the symptoms.
The unity of the aspect: uncertainty in regard to the standard of
Fear of a general "in vain."
As a matter of fact, we are no longer so urgently in need of an
antidote against the first Nihilism: Life is no longer so uncertain,
accidental, and senseless in modern Europe. All such tremendous
_exaggeration_ of the value of men, of the value of evil, etc., are
not so necessary now; we can endure a considerable diminution of this
value, we may grant a great deal of nonsense and accident: the _power_
man has acquired now allows of a _lowering_ of the means of discipline,
of which the strongest was the moral interpretation of the universe.
The hypothesis "God" is much too extreme.
If anything shows that our _humanisation_ is a genuine sign of
_progress,_ it is the fact that we no longer require excessive
contraries, that we no longer require contraries at all....
We may love the senses; for we have spiritualised them in every way and
made them artistic;
We have a right to all things which hitherto have been most
_The reversal of the order of
Are these the words and the thoughts of a man who Has lost, or who is losing control? And even if we confine ourselves simply to the substance of this work and put the question--Is it a new Nietzsche or the old Nietzsche that we find in these pages? Is it the old countenance with which we are familiar, or are the features distorted, awry, disfigured? What will the answer be? Obviously there is no new or even deformed Nietzsche here, because he is still faithful to the position which he assumed in _Thus spake Zarathustra,_ five years previously, and is perfectly conscious of this fidelity (see p.Page 8
Thus do all believers; therefore is all believing worth so little.Page 19
96 of _The Will to Power_ vol.Page 29
" .Page 30
On the bridge I stood Lately, in gloomy night.Page 45
"Reason" _versus_ Instinct.Page 48
] [Footnote 3: This number and those which follow refer to _Thoughts out of Season,_ Part I.Page 49
You have only to examine _The Dawn of Day,_ or, perhaps, _The Wanderer and his Shadow,_ in order to understand what this "return to myself" actually meant: in itself it was the highest kind of recovery!.Page 62
Pain is not regarded as an objection to existence: "And if thou hast no bliss now left to crown me--Lead on! Thou hast thy Sorrow still.Page 65
Everything happens quite involuntarily, as if in a tempestuous outburst of freedom, of absoluteness, of power and divinity.Page 70
"Wretched am I that my hand may never rest from giving: an envious fate is mine that I see expectant eyes and nights made bright with longing.Page 76
When I was last in Germany, I found German taste striving to grant Wagner and the _Trumpeter of Sakkingen_ equal rights; while I myself witnessed the attempts of the people of Leipzig to do honour to one of the most genuine and most German of musicians,--using German here in the old sense of the word,--a man who was no mere German of the Empire, the master Heinrich SchÃ¼tz, by founding a Liszt Society, the object of which was to cultivate and spread artful (_listige_) Church music.Page 81
[Footnote 1: The motto of _The Case of Wagner.Page 82
_The Transvaluation of all Values,_ this is my formula for mankind's greatest step towards coming to its senses--a step which in me became flesh and genius.Page 87
as morality and as law, and remained suspended over man as the Categorical Imperative.Page 93
His breath is panting, like the sick man's breath On fevered couch.Page 102
"---- TO FALSE FRIENDS You stole, your eye's not clear to-day.Page 108
Seventh Solitude! Never felt! Sweet certainty nearer, Or warmer the sun's ray.Page 109