The Will to Power, Book I and II An Attempted Transvaluation of all Values

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 42

_moral fanaticism,_ is
quite eighteenth century style; still completely outside the historical
movement, without any notion whatsoever of the reality of his time, for
instance, revolution; he is not affected by Greek philosophy; he is a
phantasist of the notion of duty, a sensualist with a hidden leaning to
dogmatic pampering.

_The return to Kant_ in our century means a _return to the eighteenth
century,_ people desire to create themselves a right to the _old ideas_
and to the old exaltation--hence a theory of knowledge which "describes
limits," that is to say, which admits _of the option of fixing a Beyond
to the domain of reason._

_Hegel's_ way of thinking is not so very far removed from that of
Goethe: see the latter on the subject of Spinoza, for instance.
The will to deify the All and Life, in order to find both _peace_
and _happiness_ in contemplating them: Hegel looks for reason
everywhere--in the presence of reason man may be _submissive_ and
resigned. In Goethe we find a kind of _fatalism_ which is almost
_joyous_ and _confiding,_ which neither revolts nor weakens, which
strives to make a totality out of itself, in the belief that only in
totality does everything seem good and justified, and find itself
resolved.


96.

The period of _rationalism_--followed by a period of _sentimentality._
To what extent does Schopenhauer come under "sentimentality"? (Hegel
under intellectuality?)


97.

The seventeenth century _suffers_ from _humanity_ as from a _host
of contradictions_ ("_l'amas de contradictions_" that we are); it
endeavours to discover man, to _co-ordinate him,_ to excavate him:
whereas the eighteenth century tries to forget what is known of man's
nature, in order to adapt him to its Utopia. "Superficial, soft,
humane"--gushes over "humanity."

The seventeenth century tries to banish all traces of the individual
in order that the artist's work may resemble life as much as possible.
The eighteenth century strives _to create interest in the author_ by
means of the work. The seventeenth century seeks art in art, a piece of
culture; the eighteenth uses art in its propaganda for political and
social reforms.

"Utopia," the "ideal man," the deification of Nature, the vanity of
making one's own personality the centre of interest, subordination to
the propaganda of _social ideas,_ charlatanism--all this we derive from
the eighteenth century.

The style of the seventeenth century: _propre exact et libre._

The strong individual who is self-sufficient, or who appeals
ardently to God--and that obtrusiveness and indiscretion of modern
authors--these things are _opposites._ "Showing-oneself-off"--what a
contrast to the Scholars of Port-Royal!

Alfieri had a sense for the _grand style._

The hate of the _burlesque_ (that which lacks dignity), _the lack of a
sense of Nature_ belongs to the

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Text Comparison with Götzen-Dämmerung

Page 2
So ist es klug.
Page 3
Ob wir Immoralisten der Tugend Schaden thun? - Eben so wenig, als die Anarchisten den Fürsten.
Page 5
Honnette Dinge tragen, wie honnette Menschen, ihre Gründe nicht so in der Hand.
Page 8
Die "scheinbare" Welt ist die einzige: die wahre Welt ist nur hinzugelogen.
Page 11
2.
Page 14
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Page 16
Die "innere Welt" ist voller Trugbilder und Irrlichter: der Wille ist eins von ihnen.
Page 19
Was kann allein unsre Lehre sein? - Dass Niemand dem Menschen seine Eigenschaften giebt, weder Gott, noch die Gesellschaft, noch seine Eltern und Vorfahren, noch er selbst (- der Unsinn der hier zuletzt abgelehnten Vorstellung ist als "intelligible Freiheit" von Kant, vielleicht auch schon von Plato gelehrt worden).
Page 23
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Page 26
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Page 29
Sehen, was ist - das gehört einer andern Gattung von Geistern.
Page 32
Carlyle betäubt Etwas in sich durch das fortissimo seiner Verehrung für Menschen starken Glaubens und durch seine Wuth gegen die weniger Einfältigen: er bedarf des Lärms.
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15.
Page 38
Der Mensch des Abends, mit den "entschlafenen wilden Trieben", von denen Faust redet, bedarf der Sommerfrische, des Seebads, der Gletscher, Bayreuth's.
Page 40
Eine "altruistische" Moral, eine Moral, bei der die Selbstsucht verkümmert -, bleibt unter allen Umständen ein schlechtes Anzeichen.
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Aber dies ist beinahe das Recept zur physiologischen Entartung.
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- Nicht anders ergieng es mir bei der ersten Berührung mit Horaz.
Page 56
Alles Einzelne im Akte der Zeugung, der Schwangerschaft, der Geburt erweckte die höchsten und feierlichsten Gefühle.