to lend them the highest moral values).
The result is that higher types are _resisted_.
_The downfall and insecurity of all higher types._ The struggle against
genius ("popular poetry," etc.). Sympathy with the lowly and the
suffering as a _standard_ for the _elevation of the soul_.
The _philosopher is lacking,_ the interpreter of deeds, and not alone
he who poetises them.
_Imperfect_ Nihilism--its forms: we are now surrounded by them.
All attempts made to escape Nihilism, which do not consist in
transvaluing the values that have prevailed hitherto, only make the
matter worse; they complicate the problem.
_The varieties of self-stupefaction._ In one's heart of hearts, not to
know, whither? Emptiness. The attempt to rise superior to it all by
means of emotional intoxication: emotional intoxication in the form of
music, in the form of cruelty in the tragic joy over the ruin of the
noblest, and in the form of blind, gushing enthusiasm over individual
_men_ or distinct _periods_ (in the form of hatred, etc.). The attempt
to work blindly, like a scientific instrument; to keep an eye on the
many small joys, like an investigator, for instance (modesty towards
oneself); the mysticism of the voluptuous _joy_ of eternal emptiness;
art "for art's sake" ("le fait"), "immaculate investigation," in the
form of narcotics against the disgust of oneself; any kind of incessant
work, _any_ kind of small foolish fanaticism; the medley of all
means, illness as the result of general profligacy (dissipation kills
(1) As a result, feeble will-power.
(2) Excessive pride and the humiliation of petty weakness felt as a
The time is coming when we shall have to pay for having been
_Christians_ for two thousand years: we are losing the equilibrium
which enables us to live--for a long while we shall not know in what
direction we are travelling. We are hurling ourselves headlong into the
_opposite_ valuations, with that degree of energy which could only have
been engendered in man by an _overvaluation_ of himself.
Now, everything is false from the root, words and nothing but words,
confused, feeble, or over-strained.
_(a)_ There is a seeking after a sort of earthly solution of the
problem of life, but in the same sense as that of the _final triumph_
of truth, love, justice (socialism: "equality of persons").
_(b)_ There is also an attempt to hold fast to the _moral ideal_ (with
altruism, self-sacrifice, and the denial of the will, in the front
_(c)_ There is even an attempt to hold fast to a "Beyond": were it
only as an antilogical _x_; but it is forthwith interpreted in such a
way that a kind of metaphysical solace,
_ They all contain, I have been told, snares and nets for unwary birds, and an almost perpetual unconscious demand for the inversion of customary valuations and valued customs.Page 16
Now, however, the understanding, together with the imagination, instantly works up this play of colour, shapeless in itself, into definite figures, forms, landscapes, and animated groups.Page 29
But to feel one's self just as much wasted as humanity (and not only as an individual) as we see the single blossom of nature wasted, is a feeling above all other feelings.Page 36
The hierarchy of possessions, however, is not fixed and equal at all times; if any one prefers vengeance to justice he is moral according to the standard of an earlier civilisation, but immoral according to the present one.Page 48
It is the same thing in the case of unjust judges, of the journalist who leads public opinion astray by small dishonesties.Page 81
a new species of stimulants for life.Page 84
It is the business of the science of art to contradict this illusion most decidedly, and to show up the mistakes and pampering of the intellect, by means of which it falls into the artist's trap.Page 92
Assuredly, if its aim is to make the greatest possible _effect,_ abstruseness has always done much for itself and that gift of partial insanity; for at all times that power has been admired and envied by means of which men were deprived of will and imbued with the fancy that they were preceded by supernatural leaders.Page 111
The best in us is perhaps inherited from the sentiments of former times, to which it is hardly possible for us now to return by direct ways; the sun has already disappeared, but the heavens of our life are still glowing and illumined by it, although we can behold it no longer.Page 112
In so far it appears to me that the famous Struggle for Existence is not the only point of view from which an explanation can be given of the progress or strengthening of an individual or a race.Page 117
--The Socialists demand a comfortable life for the greatest possible number.Page 127
--The genius of culture fares as did Cellini when his statue of Perseus was being cast; the molten mass threatened to run short, but it _had_ to suffice, so he flung in his plates and dishes, and whatever else his hands fell upon.Page 135
All this usually happens within the first thirty years of a man's life.Page 154
In short, one should not so readily speak in favour of haughty solitude.Page 176
The first result of all is that religious feeling seems to be strengthened, inasmuch as hidden and suppressed impulses thereof, which the State had unintentionally or intentionally stifled, now break forth and rush to extremes; later on, however, it is found that religion is over-grown with sects, and that an abundance of dragon's teeth were sown as soon as.Page 186
--Vexation is a physical disease, which is not by any means cured when its cause is subsequently removed.Page 189
CASTING SUSPICION.Page 194
--One must learn to love, one must learn to be kind, and this from childhood onwards; when education and chance give us.Page 200
We must not, therefore, grudge certain persons their loneliness or foolishly commiserate them on that account, as is so often done.Page 201