which is to keep his _esse_ and his _operari_
apart in a divine way; everything he does must be done _sub specie
boni_--a lofty, remote, and exacting ideal! A _divine_ ideal! And, as
a matter of fact, they say that the moralist thus imitates a model
which is no less than God Himself: God, the greatest Immoralist in
deeds that exists, but who nevertheless understands how to remain what
He _is,_ the _good_ God....
The dominion of virtue is not established by means of virtue itself;
with virtue itself, one renounces power, one loses the Will to Power.
The victory of a moral ideal is achieved by the same "immoral" means as
any other victory: violence, lies, slander, injustice.
He who knows the way fame originates will be suspicious even of the
fame virtue enjoys.
Morality is just as "immoral" as any other thing on earth; morality is
in itself a form of immorality.
The great _relief_ which this conviction brings. The contradiction
between things disappears, the unity of all phenomena is _saved----_
There are some who actually go in search of what is immoral. When they
say: "this is wrong," they believe it ought to be done away with
or altered. On the other hand, I do not rest until I am quite clear
concerning the _immorality_ of any particular thing which happens to
come under my notice. When I discover it, I recover my equanimity.
A. _The ways which lead to power_: the presentation of the new virtue
under the name of an _old_ one,--the awakening of "interest" concerning
it ("happiness" declared to be its reward, and _vice versÃ¢_),--artistic
slandering of all that stands in its way,--the exploitation of
advantages and accidents with the view of glorifying it,--the
conversion of its adherents into fanatics by means of sacrifices and
separations,--symbolism _on a grand scale_.
B. _Power attained_: (1) Means of constraint of virtue; (2) seductive
means of virtue; (3) the (court) etiquette of virtue.
_By what means does a virtue attain to power?--_With precisely the
same means as a political party: slander, suspicion, the undermining of
opposing virtues that happen to be already in power, the changing of
their names, systematic persecution and scorn; in short, _by means of
acts of general "immorality."_
How does a _desire_ behave towards itself in order to become a
_virtue_?--A process of rechristening; systematic denial of its
intentions; practice in misunderstanding itself; alliance with
established and recognised virtues; ostentatious enmity towards its
adversaries. If possible, too, the protection of sacred powers must be
purchased; people must also be intoxicated and fired with enthusiasm;
idealistic humbug must be used, and a party must be won,
Man does not aspire to happiness; only the Englishman does that.Page 17
The true world, attainable to the sage, the pious man and the man of virtue,--he lives in it, _he is it.Page 24
_ In all ages men have believed that they knew what a cause was: but whence did we derive this knowledge, or more accurately, this faith in the fact that we know? Out of the realm of the famous "inner facts of consciousness," not one of which has yet proved itself to be a fact We believed ourselves to be causes even in the action of the will; we thought that in this matter at least we caught causality red-handed.Page 25
Meanwhile the sensation becomes protracted like a sort of continuous echo, until, as it were, the instinct of causality allows it to come to the front rank, no longer however as a chance occurrence, but as a thing which has some meaning.Page 30
The Church undersood this: it ruined man, it made him weak,--but it laid claim to having "improved" him.Page 40
What is the result when a man sets about this matter differently?--when, for instance, after the manner of Parisian novelists, he goes in for note-book psychology on a large and small scale? Such a man is constantly spying on reality, and every evening he bears home a handful of fresh curios.Page 59
People live for the present, the live at top speed,--they certainly live without any sense of responsibility; and this is precisely what they call "freedom.Page 67
But such a faith is the highest Of all faiths: I christened it wit! the name of Dionysus.Page 73
It was only Christianity which, with its fundamental resentment against life, made something impure out of sexuality: it flung _filth_ at the very basis, the very first condition of our life.Page 77
This innocent rhetoric, which belongs to the realm of the religio-moral idiosyncrasy, immediately appears to be _very much less innocent_ if one realises what the tendency is which here tries to drape itself in the mantle of sublime expressions--the tendency of hostility to life.Page 78
The environment in which this strange figure moved, must have left its mark upon him, and the history, the _destiny_ of the first Christian communities must have done so to a still greater degree.Page 100
Whoever might seek for signs pointing to the guiding fingers of an ironical deity behind the great comedy of existence, would find no small argument in the _huge note of interrogation_ that is called Christianity.Page 125
Now this refusal to see what one sees, this refusal to see a thing exactly as one sees it, is almost the first condition for all those who belong to a _party_ in any sense whatsoever: the man who belongs to a party perforce becomes a liar.Page 137
'-- "Son:--'Will the worms join in the song, Dad?'".Page 155
54 Loneliness for a certain time is necessary in order that a creature may become completely permeated with his own soul--cured and hard.Page 158