The Twilight of the Idols - The Antichrist Complete Works, Volume Sixteen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 96

_his_ sins--and no matter how often the contrary
has been asserted there is absolutely nothing to show that he died for
the sins of others.


As to whether he was conscious of this contrast, or whether he was
merely _regarded_ as such, is quite another question. And here, alone,
do I touch upon the problem of the psychology of the Saviour.--I
confess there are few books which I have as much difficulty in reading
as the gospels. These difficulties are quite different from those which
allowed the learned curiosity of the German, mind to celebrate one
of its most memorable triumphs. Many years have now elapsed since I,
like every young scholar, with the sage conscientiousness of a refined
philologist, relished the work of the incomparable Strauss. I was then
twenty years of age; now I am too serious for that sort of thing. What
do I care about the contradictions of "tradition"? How can saintly
legends be called "tradition" at all! The stories of saints constitute
the most ambiguous literature on earth: to apply the scientific method
to them, _when there are no other documents to hand,_ seems to me to be
a fatal procedure from the start--simply learned fooling.


The point that concerns me is the psychological type of the Saviour.
This type might be contained in the gospels, in spite of the gospels,
and however much it may have been mutilated, or overladen with
foreign features: just as that of Francis of Assisi is contained
in his legends in spite of his legends. It is _not_ a question of
the truth concerning what he has done, what he has said, and how he
actually died; but whether his type may still be conceived in any way,
whether it has been handed down to us at all?--The attempts which
to my knowledge have been made to read the _history_ of a "soul" out
of the gospels, seem to me to point only to disreputable levity in
psychological matters. M. Renan, that buffoon _in psychologies,_ has
contributed the two most monstrous ideas imaginable to the explanation
of the type of Jesus: the idea of the _genius_ and the idea of the
_hero_ ("_héros_"). But if there is anything thoroughly unevangelical
surely it is the idea of the hero. It is precisely the reverse of all
struggle, of all consciousness of taking part in the fight, that has
become instinctive here: the inability to resist is here converted into
a morality ("resist not evil," the profoundest sentence in the whole of
the gospels, their key in a certain sense), the blessedness of peace,
of gentleness, of not

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Text Comparison with The Twilight of the Idols - The Antichrist Complete Works, Volume Sixteen

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It was intended by Nietzsche to form the first book of a large work entitled "The Transvaluation of all Values"; but, though this work was never completed, we can form some idea from the substance of the "Antichrist" and from the titles of the remaining three books, which alas! were never written, of what its contents would have.
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Woman is not even shallow.
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In many cases, of course, "peace of the soul" is merely a misunderstanding,--it is something _very different_ which has failed to find a more honest name for itself.
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This compulsion to transfigure into the beautiful is--Art Everything--even that which he is not,--is nevertheless to such a man a means of rejoicing over himself; in Art man rejoices over himself as perfection.
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It may seem bitter to us; and between ourselves we may even laugh at the figure which it makes us cut But what does it matter? We have no other kind of self-control left.
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"--A judgment of this kind ultimately becomes a great danger; for it is infectious, and it soon flourishes on the polluted soil of society with tropical luxuriance, now as a religion (Christianity), anon as a philosophy (Schopenhauerism).
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Truth to tell, the priests may well have communicated not a few things of value to the participators in such orgies; for instance, the fact.
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" With one's scientific nature, one belonged to the Chandala.
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21 The pre-requisites for Buddhism are a very mild climate, great gentleness and liberality in the customs of a people and _no_ militarism.
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In his case, the word "devil" was a blessing: man had an almighty and terrible enemy,--he had no reason to be ashamed of suffering at the hands of such an enemy.
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God falsified; the concept of morality falsified: but the Jewish priesthood did not stop at this.
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" The profound instinct of how one must live in order to feel "in Heaven," in order to feel "eternal," while in every other respect one feels by _no_ means "in Heaven": this alone is the psychological reality of "Salvation.
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The _first_ thing to be remembered if we do not wish to lose the scent here, is, that we are among Jews.
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[7] What does he do? He invents man,--man is entertaining.
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55 One step further in the psychology of conviction of "faith.
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4 The endless evolution of new forms is a contradiction, for it would imply eternally increasing energy.
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He who does not believe in it has but a fleeting life in his consciousness.