The Twilight of the Idols - The Antichrist Complete Works, Volume Sixteen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 26

which they are associated,--but not their
real cause. The belief that the ideas, the accompanying processes
of consciousness, have been the causes, is certainly produced by
the agency of memory. And in this way we become _accustomed_ to a
particular interpretation of causes which, truth to tell, actually
hinders and even utterly prevents the investigation of the proper
cause.


5

_The Psychological Explanation of the above Fact._ To trace something
unfamiliar back to something familiar, is at once a relief, a comfort
and a satisfaction, while it also produces a feeling of power. The
unfamiliar involves danger, anxiety and care,--the fundamental instinct
is to get rid of these painful circumstances. First principle: any
explanation is better than none at all. Since, at bottom, it is
only a question of shaking one's self free from certain oppressive
ideas, the means employed to this end are not selected with overmuch
punctiliousness: the first idea by means of which the unfamiliar is
revealed as familiar, produces a feeling of such comfort that it is
"held to be true." The proof of happiness ("of power") as the criterion
of truth. The instinct of causality is therefore conditioned and
stimulated by the feeling of fear. Whenever possible, the question
"why?" should not only educe the cause as cause, but rather a certain
kind of cause--a comforting, liberating and reassuring cause. The first
result of this need is that something known or already experienced, and
recorded in the memory, is posited as the cause. The new factor, that
which has not been experienced and which is unfamiliar, is excluded
from the sphere of causes. Not only do we try to find a certain kind
of explanation as the cause, but those kinds of explanations are
selected and preferred which dissipate most rapidly the sensation of
strangeness, novelty and unfamiliarity,--in fact the most ordinary
explanations. And the result is that a certain manner of postulating
causes tends to predominate ever more and more, becomes concentrated
into a system, and finally reigns supreme, to the complete exclusion
of all other causes and explanations. The banker thinks immediately of
business, the Christian of "sin," and the girl of her love affair.


6

_The whole Domain of Morality and Religion may be classified under the
Rubric "Imaginary Causes."_ The "explanation" of general unpleasant
sensations. These sensations are dependent upon certain creatures who
are hostile to us (evil spirits: the most famous example of this--the
mistaking of hysterical women for witches). These sensations are
dependent upon actions which are reprehensible (the feeling of "sin,"
"sinfulness" is a manner of accounting for a certain physiological
disorder--people always find reasons for being dissatisfied with
themselves). These sensations

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Text Comparison with Dionysos: Valikoima runoja

Page 0
Hänen hengityksensä huokuu kuin sairaan hengitys huokuu kuumeyönä.
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että sinua rakastan!" -- Ja hehkuen lausuu kaikki -- puro, petäjä, vuorikin jäinen -- sanan katseilla täällä saman: "me rakastamme sua! ah lapsi, sa tiedät, sua kaikki me rakastamme!" Ja hän, poika, min uupuneet silmät kuumetta hehkuu, hän tuskassa suutelee heitä, yhä kiihkeämmin, ei lähteä tahdo; kuin hienona harsona sanansa puhuu hän suustansa, pahanilkisen sanan: "Mun tervehdykseni hyvästiä on, mun tuloni lähtöä, ma nuorena kuolen.
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-- Mua kuuliko kenkään, oi?.
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niinkuin myrsky _pauhaa_ onnen ylväin hyrsky, henki vapain, kanssasi.
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kotkan ja pantterin autuus, runoniekan ja narrin autuus!.
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Etelän hedelmäin näitten nyt kaltaisena, ylenkaltaisena makaan ma tässä ja mun ylt'ympäröitsevät pienet siipikuoriaiset iloparvineen, imusarvineen, kuin myöskin pienemmät vielä, houkkiommat, syntisemmät sydäntoiveet ja oikut, -- mun ympärisaarratte te, te mykät, te.
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Sit' epäilen kuitenkin ma epäilijä, sill' enhân ma suotta tule Europasta, jok' on epäileväisempi kuin kaikk' aviovaimot.
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Mitä tahdot? Puhu! Mua ahdistat, painat -- Haa! lähell' olet jo liian! Mun kuulet hengittävän, mun sydäntäni kuuntelet, sa kade, lemmenkade! -- mille sitten? .
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Ei! Saavu taas! Tuo kidutuksesi kaikki! Sua kohti kyynelvirtani nyt kaikki juoksee ja sydänliekkini viimeinen se sinulle liekkii.
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KUU Yö on: yli kattojen jälleen kuun kulkee lihavat kasvot.