The Twilight of the Idols - The Antichrist Complete Works, Volume Sixteen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 0

...(Images generouly made available by the Hathi Trust.)





THE TWILIGHT OF THE IDOLS

BY

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE

Or, How to...

Page 1

...truth that has been believed in hitherto. In plain
English, _The Twilight of the Idols_ means...

Page 2

...twist that Nietzsche
gives to their elucidation, may then perhaps strike him, not only as
valuable, but...

Page 3

...been. These
titles are:--Book II. The Free Spirit. A Criticism of Philosophy as a
Nihilistic Movement. Book...

Page 4

...institution; but he could do so from another standpoint He could
well say, for instance, "falsehood...

Page 5

...means it
employs. Its ends are only _bad_ ends: the poisoning, the calumniation
and the denial of...

Page 6

...of which I
withhold from learned curiosity, has been my motto:

_ increscunt animi,...

Page 7

...be tragic?--To perish beneath a load that one can neither
bear nor throw off? This is...

Page 8

...good teeth it
must have had! And to-day, what is amiss?"--A dentist's question.


30

Errors of haste are...

Page 9

...last.


44

The formula of my happiness: a Yea, a Nay, a straight line, _goal...._


[1] This is...

Page 10

...After all, judgments and valuations
of life, whether for or against, cannot be true: their only...

Page 11

...what
actually occurs? In the first place a noble taste is vanquished:
with dialectics the mob comes...

Page 12

...peculiar case, was no
exception even in his time. The same kind of degeneracy was silently
preparing...

Page 13

...themselves from degeneration by merely waging war upon it.
They cannot thus extricate themselves; that which...

Page 14

...so immoral,_ cheat us concerning the
true world. Moral: we must get rid of the deception...

Page 15

...as logic.


4

The other idiosyncrasy of philosophers is no less dangerous; it
consists in confusing the last...

Page 16

...seen in all circumstances, will is
believed in as a cause in general; the ego is...

Page 17

...avenging ourselves on this life with the
phantasmagoria of "another," of a "better" life.

_Proposition Four._ To...

Page 18

...blushes for shame and all
free-spirits kick up a shindy.)


6. We have...

Page 19

...a passion, by those who are too weak of will,
too degenerate, to impose some sort...

Page 20

...the moral cow and the plump happiness of a clean conscience. The
man who has renounced...

Page 21

...you have fortunately understood something besides; and that
is the futility, the fictitiousness, the absurdity and...

Page 22

...humbugs. And to this end they denied the world! No slight
form of insanity! No modest...

Page 23

...was not at liberty to eat a small or a
great amount. His frugality was not...

Page 24

...attribute of
divinity).


3

_The error of false causality._ In all ages men have believed that
they knew what...

Page 25

...an agent (a "subject") lay
at the root of all things. Man projected his three "inner...

Page 26

...which they are associated,--but not their
real cause. The belief that the ideas, the accompanying processes
of...

Page 27

...depend upon punishment, upon compensation
for something which we ought not to have done, which we...

Page 28

...traced to a will, to intentions
and to responsible actions. The doctrine of the will was...

Page 29

...one shall any longer be made responsible, that
the nature of existence may not be traced...

Page 30

...holds good of the tamed man whom the priest has "improved." In
the early years of...

Page 31

...must consist
of garlic and onions, as the holy scriptures forbid their being given
corn or grain-bearing...

Page 32

...the _religion of love._


5

The morality of breeding and the morality of taming, in the means...

Page 33

..."Are there any German philosophers? Are there any
German poets? Are there any good German books?"...

Page 34

...chief reason why fuller, richer and profounder natures
can find no education or educators that are...

Page 35

...already aware of this: in things that
really matter--and these after all constitute culture,--the Germans
are no...

Page 36

...rules
supreme; just as if something would be forfeited if the young man were
not "finished" at...

Page 37

...trivial fact, at all times of the day to be
strained ready for the leap, in...

Page 38

...stinking.


2

_Renan._--Theology, or the corruption of reason by original sin
(Christianity). Proof of this,--Renan who, even in...

Page 39

...of philosophical
vision,--hence his refusal to act the part of a judge, and his adoption
of the...

Page 40

...proof of the strength and
profundity of this dominion. It only shows that the origin of...

Page 41

...an
artistic standpoint, nature is no model. It exaggerates, distorts, and
leaves gaps. Nature is the _accident._...

Page 42

...appropriate everything they see
and to suck its blood and make it thinner. This is the...

Page 43

...period of time; and the actor with the dancer.
The architect manifests neither a Dionysian nor...

Page 44

...of
taste.--Carlyle, who was very fond of him, nevertheless declared that
"he does not give us enough...

Page 45

...feel superior to men, to be able to look down upon them, no longer
to feel...

Page 46

...vices; and the
consequence is that the latter are dying out. Everything evil which
is the outcome...

Page 47

...a sign that he scents the proximity of
something "ugly." His feeling of power, his will...

Page 48

...emancipation from the "will"--it lures to eternal salvation.
He values it more particularly as a deliverance...

Page 49

...moral purpose!"--thus does pure passion speak. A psychologist,
on the other hand, puts the question: what...

Page 50

...who
are somebodies.


26

We no longer value ourselves sufficiently highly when we communicate
our soul's content. Our real...

Page 51

...now
begun to appropriate even Art, including the book, above all the
newspaper,--and how much more so...

Page 52

...decided, a canon is obtained
by means of which the value of his selfishness may be...

Page 53

...objects
towards which this lust of vengeance, like a lust of pleasure, are
directed, are purely accidental...

Page 54

...ruthlessly
suppressing and eliminating _degenerate_ life, in all cases in which
the highest interests of life itself,...

Page 55

...one should not merely deny life with
"The World as Will and Idea," as Schopenhauer did;...

Page 56

...greater weakness,
delicateness, and susceptibility, out of which a morality _more rich
in consideration_ was bound to...

Page 57

...moderns with our anxious
care of ourselves and love of our neighbours, with all our unassuming
virtues...

Page 58

...to subsist. For war trains men to be free.
What in sooth is freedom? Freedom is...

Page 59

...of organisation:
already in "Human All-too-Human," Part I., Aph. 472, I pointed out
that modern democracy, together...

Page 60

...upon sexual
desire; upon the instinct of property (wife and child as possessions);
upon the instinct of...

Page 61

...of education would insist upon at least one of
these instinct-systems being _paralysed_ beneath an iron...

Page 62

...of the fact that for long ages
energy has been collected, hoarded up, saved up and...

Page 63

...He flows out,
he flows over, he consumes himself, he does not spare himself,--and
does all this...

Page 64

...as
beneficent nor useful,--the feeling of the Chandala, who are aware
that they are not looked upon...

Page 65

...must have been done, and
much must have been left undone--the seventeenth century in France
is admirable...

Page 66

...in order even to endure the sight
of his own person,--ill with unbridled vanity and wanton...

Page 67

...yea to everything
that was like him in this regard,--there was no greater event in his
life...

Page 68

...and the substance of my writing,
about a certain degree of immortality--never have I been modest...

Page 69

...background, and with cold but roguish
hostility towards all "beautiful words" and "beautiful feelings"--in
these things I...

Page 70

...with the hard
word "superior bunkum," or, if you would like it better, "idealism."
Humanity has had...

Page 71

...terrible and reckless hostility outside the state: the
various states mutually tore each other to bits,...

Page 72

...that wine provokes
desire, that man in certain circumstances lives on fruit, that plants
bloom in the...

Page 73

...the word Dionysus signifies: I know of no higher symbolism than
this Greek symbolism, this symbolism...

Page 74

...seem to you blessed to stamp
your hand upon millenniums as upon wax,--

--Blessed to write upon...

Page 75

...and Nay. This tolerance and
_largeur de cœur_ which "forgives" everything because it "understands"
everything, is a...

Page 76

...the outcome of the most
different cultures, and in these a _higher type_ certainly manifests
itself: something...

Page 77

...to
the tonic passions which enhance the energy of the feeling of life:
its action is depressing....

Page 78

...the sake
of the instinct of life, it would certainly seem necessary to find some
means of...

Page 79

...shut one's eyes once and for all, in order not to suffer
at the sight of...

Page 80

...world--that
of being--had been declared to be reality. Kant's success is merely a
theologian's success. Like Luther,...

Page 81

...all behave like females, do these great
enthusiasts and animal prodigies,--they regard "beautiful feelings"
themselves as arguments,...

Page 82

...was our _modesty_ which ran
counter to their taste so long ... And oh! how well...

Page 83

...system, the senses and the "mortal shell,"
we have miscalculated--that it is all!...


15

In Christianity neither morality...

Page 84

...of such a community. The evil God is just as urgently needed
as the good God:...

Page 85

..._step forward?_--But even Renan does this. As if Renan had
a right to simplicity! Why the...

Page 86

...to
nonentity is declared holy!


19

The fact that the strong races of Northern Europe did not repudiate
the...

Page 87

...it, he prescribes life in the open, a life
of travel; moderation and careful choice in...

Page 88

...by means of prayer;
while the highest thing is regarded as unattainable, as a gift, as...

Page 89

...the
close and exhaustion of civilisation; Christianity does not even find
civilisation at hand when it appears,...

Page 90

...into the
foreground. All this on condition that Christianity wishes to rule
over a certain soil, on...

Page 91

...to originality. Precisely on this account the Jews are the most
_fatal_ people in the history...

Page 92

...justice: this is the reasoning of every people which is in the
position of power, and...

Page 93

...God falsified; the concept of morality falsified: but
the Jewish priesthood did not stop at this....

Page 94

...great event to the idiotic formula "obedient
or disobedient to God."--A step further: the "Will of...

Page 95

...against it; it was a form of deadly hostility to reality
which has never been surpassed....

Page 96

..._his_ sins--and no matter how often the contrary
has been asserted there is absolutely nothing to...

Page 97

..._being able_ to be an enemy. What is the meaning
of "glad tidings"?--True life, eternal life...

Page 98

...love....


31

I have given my reply to the problem in advance. The prerequisite
thereto was the admission...

Page 99

...venom (and even of _esprit_) was inoculated into
the type of the Master only as the...

Page 100

...laxity
Jesus might be called a "free spirit"--he cares not a jot for anything
that is established:...

Page 101

...or in his heart He draws no distinction
between foreigners and natives, between Jews and Gentiles...

Page 102

...word "Son,"
_entrance_ into the feeling of the general transfiguration of all
things (beatitude) is expressed, with...

Page 103

...contradiction to the gospel....

Whoever might seek for signs pointing to the guiding fingers of an
ironical...

Page 104

...world, and whether it
be called "Christianity," "Christian Faith," or "Christian Church," I
take care not to...

Page 105

...a judge, a patriot, that he defends himself, that he values
his honour, that he desires...

Page 106

...at
the root of Christianity. What follows therefrom? That here, even
_in psychologicis_, error is fundamental,--that is...

Page 107

...him altogether! At
bottom Jesus could not have desired anything else by his death than to
give...

Page 108

...... And he did _not_ teach it
as a privilege!--Thenceforward there was gradually imported into the
type...

Page 109

...Paul simply transferred the centre of gravity of the whole
of that great life, to a...

Page 110

...botched, all revolting and revolted
people, all abortions, the whole of the refuse and offal of...

Page 111

...in word and pose
which in this book is elevated to an _Art,_ is not the...

Page 112

...of falsity! "Virtue
itself shall bear us testimony." ... Only read the gospels as books
calculated to...

Page 113

...hell fire: where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not
quenched." (Mark ix. 47,...

Page 114

...of this world? For after that in
the wisdom of God, the world by wisdom knew...

Page 115

..."primitive Christians."
One cannot read the New Testament without feeling a preference for
everything in it which...

Page 116

...Paulus creavit,
dei negatio._--A religion such as Christianity which never once comes
in touch with reality, and...

Page 117

...woman." ... Only through woman did man learn to taste
of the tree of knowledge.--What had...

Page 118

...doctors! What is needed is a Saviour!--The notion of
guilt and punishment, including the doctrine of...

Page 119

...faith (--_not_ only desired, and _not_
merely promised by the somewhat suspicious lips of a priest):...

Page 120

...to characterise the whole of the Christian training of penance
and salvation (which nowadays is best...

Page 121

...us hang on the cross, consequently we are _divine ..._. We alone are
divine.... Christianity was...

Page 122

...the intellect, not to speak of
decent feeling, ought at least to lead these interpreters to...

Page 123

...conclusion put a tremendous
check upon all investigation, upon the spirit of investigation and of
caution. Martyrs...

Page 124

...him the courage to employ unholy means;
in certain circumstances it even allows him convictions. Conviction
as...

Page 125

...decisive question: is there any difference at all between a lie
and a conviction?--All the world...

Page 126

...the principal questions, all
the principal problems of value, stand beyond human reason.... To
comprehend the limits...

Page 127

...classes,_ the philosophers and the
warriors guard and guide the masses; it is replete with noble...

Page 128

...it would forfeit its
imperative tone, the "thou shalt," the first condition of its being
obeyed. The...

Page 129

...excelling
in muscular strength and temperament, and the third class which is
distinguished neither in one way...

Page 130

...has his privilege. Let us not underestimate the privileges
of the _mediocre._ Life always gets harder...

Page 131

...of insecurity, is applied usefully to the
most remote ends, and the harvest, which is as...

Page 132

...kindled fire of revenge, of Chandala
revenge--such things became master of Rome, the same kind of...

Page 133

...natural science hand in hand with mathematics and mechanics
was on the best possible road,--the sense...

Page 134

...the harvest we might have reaped from the
culture of antiquity, later it also destroyed our...

Page 135

..._will_ anybody
understand what the Renaissance was? _The transvaluation of Christian
values,_ the attempt undertaken with all...

Page 136

...uncleanliness
in concepts and valuations in them, every kind of cowardice in the
face of every honest...

Page 137

...and
too _petty,_--I call it the one immortal blemish of mankind....

And _time_ is reckoned from the...

Page 138

...the
reader to Mrs Foerster-Nietzsche's Introduction to her brother's chief
work, which was translated for the eleventh...

Page 139

...the same and is eternally active:--at this moment an
infinity has already elapsed, that is to...

Page 140

...it to be,
and however economical the changes may be, provided it is infinite.
We are therefore...

Page 141

...appeared.--But
it would be madness to ascribe a feeling of self-preservation to
existence! And the same applies...

Page 142

...probable than
absolute disparity.


15

Let us think backwards a moment If the world had a goal, this...

Page 143

...and for evermore, so that the origin of the
mechanical world would be a lawless game...

Page 144

...phenomenon become a rule, as for instance oxygen and
hydrogen in chemistry)??? Is this rule simply...

Page 145

...those for instance of heavenly
bodies, of the ebb and flow of tides, of day and...

Page 146

...a sandglass, will always be reversed
and will ever run out again,--a long minute of time...

Page 147

...mayest have, and which are even more weighty than
the latter. Sayest thou that nutrition, the...

Page 148

...has
hitherto affected thee and moulded thee,--and that thou cravest for its
eternity--_Non alia sed hac vita...

Page 149

...fault: and if it does overwhelm thee, this does not stand
to thy merit either.--We think...

Page 150

...but they also call
him good who does not wish to be ahead of anybody in...

Page 151

...others.


11

To help, to pity, to submit and to renounce personal attacks with a
good will,--these things...

Page 152

...order of "henchmen"--: they must be made
comfortable, they must cultivate pity for one another.


23

The giver,...

Page 153

...the heirloom of happiness, not to themselves. They deliver the
physiologically botched by teaching them the...

Page 154

...in one which would be a continuation of humanity.


44

The half-way house is always present when...

Page 155

...and soul are the best--Zarathustra's fundamental
proposition--; from them is generated that higher morality of the
creator....

Page 156

...antidote to repentance.
The transformation of temperament (_e.g.,_ by means of inorganic
substances). Good will to this...

Page 157

...remain silent. But my will to the
Superman bids me speak and sacrifice even my friends."

"I...

Page 158

...obliged to adorn himself (historical sense)
and who is always in search of a new garment:...

Page 159

...beauty is his defence. He lays his hands on the next thousand
years.

His love increases as...

Page 160

...Dionysus. Returning from these
most strange of all pursuits Zarathustra comes back with love to the
narrowest...