The Genealogy of Morals The Complete Works, Volume Thirteen, edited by Dr. Oscar Levy.

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 31

medicine, which
is originally one of coldness and suspicion, into the most friendly
and fruitful reciprocity. In point of fact, all tables of values,
all the "thou shalts" known to history and ethnology, need primarily
a _physiological_, at any rate in preference to a psychological,
elucidation and interpretation; all equally require a critique from
medical science. The question, "What is the _value_ of this or that
table of 'values' and morality?" will be asked from the most varied
standpoints. For instance, the question of "valuable _for what_" can
never be analysed with sufficient nicety. That, for instance, which
would evidently have value with regard to promoting in a race the
greatest possible powers of endurance (or with regard to increasing its
adaptability to a specific climate, or with regard to the preservation
of the greatest number) would have nothing like the same value, if it
were a question of evolving a stronger species. In gauging values,
the good of the majority and the good of the minority are opposed
standpoints: we leave it to the naïveté of English biologists to regard
the former standpoint as _intrinsically_ superior. _All_ the sciences
have now to pave the way for the future task of the philosopher; this
task being understood to mean, that he must solve the problem of
_value_, that he has to fix the _hierarchy of values_.



The breeding of an animal that _can promise_--is not this just that
very paradox of a task which nature has set itself in regard to man? Is
not this the very problem of man? The fact that this problem has been
to a great extent solved, must appear all the more phenomenal to one
who can estimate at its full value that force of _forgetfulness_ which
works in opposition to it. Forgetfulness is no mere _vis inertiæ_,
as the superficial believe, rather is it a power of obstruction,
active and, in the strictest sense of the word, positive--a power
responsible for the fact that what we have lived, experienced, taken
into ourselves, no more enters into consciousness during the process
of digestion (it might be called psychic absorption) than all the
whole manifold process by which our physical nutrition, the so-called
"incorporation," is carried on. The temporary shutting of the doors
and windows of consciousness, the relief from the clamant alarums and
excursions, with which our subconscious world of servant organs works
in mutual co-operation and antagonism; a little quietude, a little
_tabula rasa_ of the consciousness, so as to make room again for the
new, and above all for the more noble functions and

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Text Comparison with Dionysos: Valikoima runoja

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Campo Santo di Staglieno.
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Miks maailma kuihtui niin! Kielissä uupuneen soittimen soi tuulen laulu.
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Tai kotkan lailla, mi kauan, kauan kuiluihin tuijottaa, kuiluihin _omihinsa_.
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"Tuo vanha loihtija antoi jo huonoimpansa meille parhaaksi, ja katso vain, vanhalla hurskaalla paavilla tuolla on kyyneleet silmissä ja hän on jälleen kokonaan laskenut laivansa alakuloisuuden merelle.
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Sitten hän alkoi jonkinlaisella mylvinnällä laulaa.
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Jo virta kultana kimmeltää.
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Mi ennen ol' raskasta, vaipui sinervään unhoon, -- nyt venheeni keinuvi jouten.
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Ei! Saavu taas! Tuo kidutuksesi kaikki! Sua kohti kyynelvirtani nyt kaikki juoksee ja sydänliekkini viimeinen se sinulle liekkii.
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muuttui; se timantti-säilällä murtaa yön tummuuden ympäriltäin! Pettää -- se parhain on taistelutaito.