The Genealogy of Morals The Complete Works, Volume Thirteen, edited by Dr. Oscar Levy.

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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remain strangers to ourselves,
we understand ourselves not, in ourselves we are bound to be mistaken,
for of us holds good to all eternity the motto, "Each one is the
farthest away from himself"--as far as ourselves are concerned we are
not "knowers."


My thoughts concerning the _genealogy_ of our moral prejudices--for
they constitute the issue in this polemic--have their first, bald,
and provisional expression in that collection of aphorisms entitled
_Human, all-too-Human, a Book for Free Minds_, the writing of which
was begun in Sorrento, during a winter which allowed me to gaze over
the broad and dangerous territory through which my mind had up to that
time wandered. This took place in the winter of 1876-77; the thoughts
themselves are older. They were in their substance already the same
thoughts which I take up again in the following treatises:--we hope
that they have derived benefit from the long interval, that they have
grown riper, clearer, stronger, more complete. The fact, however,
that I still cling to them even now, that in the meanwhile they have
always held faster by each other, have, in fact, grown out of their
original shape and into each other, all this strengthens in my mind the
joyous confidence that they must have been originally neither separate
disconnected capricious nor sporadic phenomena, but have sprung from
a common root, from a fundamental "_fiat_" of knowledge, whose empire
reached to the soul's depth, and that ever grew more definite in its
voice, and more definite in its demands. That is the only state of
affairs that is proper in the case of a philosopher.

We have no right to be "_disconnected_"; we must neither err
"disconnectedly" nor strike the truth "disconnectedly." Rather with
the necessity with which a tree bears its fruit, so do our thoughts,
our values, our Yes's and No's and If's and Whether's, grow connected
and interrelated, mutual witnesses of _one_ will, _one_ health, _one_
kingdom, _one_ sun--as to whether they are to _your_ taste, these
fruits of ours?--But what matters that to the trees? What matters that
to us, us the philosophers?


Owing to a scrupulosity peculiar to myself, which I confess
reluctantly,--it concerns indeed _morality_,--a scrupulosity, which
manifests itself in my life at such an early period, with so much
spontaneity, with so chronic a persistence and so keen an opposition
to environment, epoch, precedent, and ancestry that I should have
been almost entitled to style it my "_â priori_"--my curiosity and my
suspicion felt themselves betimes bound to halt at the question, of
what in point of actual fact was the _origin_ of our "Good" and of
our "Evil." Indeed,

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Text Comparison with Götzen-Dämmerung

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Eine andere Genesung, unter Umständen mir noch erwünschter, ist Götzen aushorchen.
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Mit einiger Billigkeit werde andrerseits zugestanden, dass auf dem Boden, aus dem das Christenthum gewachsen ist, der Begriff "Vergeistigung der Passion" gar nicht concipirt werden konnte.
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- Der Banquier denkt sofort an's "Geschäft", der Christ an die "Sünde", das Mädchen an seine Liebe.
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Moral ist bloss Zeichenrede, bloss Symptomatologie: man muss bereits wissen, worum es sich handelt, um von ihr Nutzen zu ziehen.
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Es zahlt sich theuer, zur Macht zu kommen: die Macht verdummt.
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Diese versteht sich schlechterdings nicht von selbst: man muss diesen Punkt, den englischen Flachköpfen zum Trotz, immer wieder an's Licht stellen.
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Das Schlimmste freilich bleibt die Weibskoketterie mit Männlichkeiten, mit Manieren ungezogener Jungen.
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- Was den berühmten Kampf um's Leben betrifft, so scheint er mir einstweilen mehr behauptet als bewiesen.
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L'art pour l'art.
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Dem Engländer stehen nur zwei Wege offen, sich mit dem Genie und "grossen Manne" abzufinden: entweder demokratisch in der Art Buckle's oder religiös in der Art Carlyle's.
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Für das Problem, das hier vorliegt, ist das Zeugniss Dostoiewsky's von Belang - Dostoiewsky's, des einzigen Psychologen, anbei gesagt, von dem ich Etwas zu lernen hatte: er gehört zu den schönsten Glücksfällen meines Lebens, mehr selbst noch als die Entdeckung Stendhal's.
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Und wie viel Plato ist noch im Begriff "Kirche", in Bau, System, Praxis der Kirche! - Meine Erholung, meine Vorliebe, meine Kur von allem Platonismus war zu jeder Zeit Thukydides.