The Genealogy of Morals The Complete Works, Volume Thirteen, edited by Dr. Oscar Levy.

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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...(Images generously made available by the Hathi Trust.)





THE GENEALOGY OF MORALS

A POLEMIC

BY

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE

TRANSLATED BY

HORACE B....

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...remain strangers to ourselves,
we understand ourselves not, in ourselves we are bound to be mistaken,
for...

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...at the boyish age of thirteen the problem of the
origin of Evil already haunted me:...

Page 3

...almost
say that I have never read anything in which every single dogma and
conclusion has called...

Page 4

...to whom that book, with all its passion and inherent
contradiction (for that book also was...

Page 5

...as
Tartuffism, as disease, as a misunderstanding; but also morality as a
cause, as a remedy, as...

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...to decipher) about
the past history of human morals. This script was unknown to Dr. Rée;
but...

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...example of what is offered, of what in
such cases I call exposition: an aphorism is...

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...heart that just the converse metaphor should apply, and that
these analysts with their psychological microscopes...

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...The
standpoint of utility is as alien and as inapplicable as it could
possibly be, when we...

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...from the consciousness, so
far indeed from being forgotten, it must necessarily become impressed
on the consciousness...

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...all the violence of a slimy volcano, and with that
salted, rampant, and vulgar eloquence with...

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...Virchow still connects, those
traces of an essentially dark-haired population which are to be seen
on the...

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...certain
foods which are conducive to skin diseases, who does not sleep with
the unclean women of...

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...ease the priestly mode
of valuation can branch off from the knightly aristocratic mode, and
then develop...

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...godless; eternally
also shall you be the unblessed, the cursed, the damned!" We know who
it was...

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...with
slowness, that Israel himself must repudiate before all the world the
actual instrument of his own...

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...This is the epilogue of a freethinker to my
discourse, of an honourable animal (as he...

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...a real
monstrosity. Attention again should be paid to the almost benevolent
_nuances_ which, for instance, the...

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...whether against danger or the enemy, or as those ecstatic
bursts of rage, love, reverence, gratitude,...

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...really
evil according to the meaning of the morality of resentment?" In
all sternness let it be...

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...nonchalance and contempt for
safety, body, life, and comfort, their awful joy and intense delight
in all...

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...all aristocratic races, and in being on one's guard: but
who would not a hundred times...

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...fatigues--we see to-day nothing which wishes to be greater, we
surmise that the process is always...

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..._substratum_, there is no "being" behind doing, working,
becoming; "the doer" is a mere appanage to...

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...has perhaps proved itself the best
dogma in the world simply because it rendered possible to...

Page 26

...one should honour all authority)--not only are they
better men, but that they also have a...

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...it seems to me, made a crass mistake when with awe-inspiring
ingenuity he placed that inscription...

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...the
mother of Jesus from the Talmud, Tertullian is henceforth referring to
the Jews), "_sabbati destructor, Samarites...

Page 29

...over this very book of hate it wrote the name
of the Disciple of Love, that...

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...unheard-of splendour,
and in opposition to resentment's lying war-cry of _the prerogative
of the most_, in opposition...

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...medicine, which
is originally one of coldness and suspicion, into the most friendly
and fruitful reciprocity. In...

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...functionaries, room
for government, foresight, predetermination (for our organism is on an
oligarchic model)--this is the utility,...

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...period of the human race, his whole prehistoric work,
finds its meaning, its great justification (in...

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...privilege of _responsibility_,
the consciousness of this rare freedom, of this power over himself and
over fate,...

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...these things originate from that instinct which
found in pain its most potent mnemonic. In a...

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...humanity: how dear is the price that they
have exacted! How much blood and cruelty is...

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...the author. Whence is it that this
ancient deep-rooted and now perhaps ineradicable idea has drawn...

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...injury (that is, instead of an
equalisation in money, lands, or some kind of chattel), the...

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...delicacy, and still more to the
hypocrisy of tame domestic animals (that is, modern men; that...

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...was not yet ashamed of its cruelty, life in the world was
brighter than it is...

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...admit the possibility of the craving for cruelty not
necessarily having become really extinct: it only...

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...looking down on the moral
struggle, the heroism, and the self-torture of the virtuous; the
Heracles of...

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...to similar complexes), the habit of comparing force with
force, together with that of measuring, of...

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...copy, the mimic,
of the normal treatment of the hated, disdained, and conquered enemy,
who is not...

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...deprecatory word here against the attempts, that have lately been
made, to find the origin of...

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...gentle) is untroubled, why then we have
a piece of perfection, a past master of the...

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...of spite and
vindictiveness--it takes this measure as soon as it is at all strong
enough to...

Page 48

...fiendi_ of the punishment, and--they have done the trick. But
the patching up of a history...

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...counter-efforts. The form is
fluid, but the meaning is even more so--even inside every individual
organism the...

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...is repudiated. One remembers
Huxley's reproach to Spencer of his "administrative Nihilism": but it
is a case...

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...small and accidental
material.--Punishment, as rendering the criminal harmless and incapable
of further injury.--Punishment, as compensation for...

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...which this worm of
remorse pullulates for choice--this is the unanimous opinion of all
conscientious observers, who...

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...for him personally
of the celebrated _morsus conscientiæ_--Spinoza, who had relegated
"good and evil" to the sphere...

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...pale of society and of peace.

Just like the plight of the water-animals, when they were...

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...yet recovered, the suffering of
man from the disease called man, as the result of a...

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..."nature," he who comes on the scene forceful
in deed and gesture--what has he to do...

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...love on the part of a soul, whose will is cloven
in two within itself, which...

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...by
reason of these ancestors never ceasing in their subsequent life as
potent spirits to secure by...

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...and "bad" from the race-nobility (together with its
fundamental tendency towards establishing social distinctions), so
with the...

Page 60

...pushed back into the
_bad_ conscience, that comes the first actual attempt to _reverse_ the
direction of...

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...this thought becomes his
instrument of torture. He apprehends in God the most extreme antitheses
that he...

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...felt bound give), the fact that
there exist nobler methods of utilising the invention of gods...

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...as you will see. "Is an ideal actually
set up here, or is one pulled down?"...

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...must he in sooth come
to us, even the _redeemer_ of great love and scorn, the...

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...so much to
man, lies expressed the fundamental feature of man's will, his
_horror vacui: he needs...

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...and "angel," as being on the
face of it one of the principles opposed to existence--the...

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...part of an
artist, who till then had devoted all the strength of his will to...

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...point of fact,
the position is that even if he conceived he were such an object,...

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...authority of Schopenhauer, which _dominated_ Europe in the
seventies? (This is without consideration of the question...

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...it with the Kantian eyes.
Kant thought that he showed honour to art when he favoured...

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...Schopenhauer speak
with such certainty as on the working of æsthetic contemplation: he
says of it that...

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...his torture?--And to come back again to our
first question, "What is the meaning of a...

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...reason, every animal shudders mortally at every kind
of disturbance and hindrance which obstructs or could...

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...flight of thoughts; of good air--rare,
clear, free, dry, as is the air on the heights,...

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...dead one, one with _eyes_ (that is, with lakes);
in certain cases even a room in...

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...he shuns his time
and its "daylight." Therein he is as a shadow; the deeper sinks...

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...occasions of great mental strain and preparation; as far as the
strongest artists and those with...

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...to wait (to be "ephectic"),
his tendency to analyse, search, explore, dare, his tendency to compare
and...

Page 79

...man formerly paid a fine
for the insolence of claiming one woman to himself (to this...

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...Brahmans, for example, knew to a nicety how to do
this! The oldest philosophers were well...

Page 81

...that flamboyant and dangerous winged
creature, that "spirit" which that caterpillar concealed within itself,
has it, I...

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...by action: for he demands that he should be followed;
he enforces, where he can, his...

Page 83

...on what will it vent its pet caprice?
On that which has been felt with the...

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...I say, by means of which "abstract" seeing first became
seeing something; in these theories consequently...

Page 85

...which makes him into a tool that
must labour to create more favourable conditions for earthly...

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...is to be feared, what does work with a fatality found in no other
fate, is...

Page 87

...but admire the counterfeiter dexterity with which the stamp
of virtue, even the ring, the golden...

Page 88

...these physiological distortions and
worm-riddled objects, a whole quivering kingdom of burrowing revenge,
indefatigable and insatiable in...

Page 89

...pity for man_!


15.

If you have understood in all their depths--and I demand that you
should _grasp...

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...he must first wound; so, while he soothes the
pain which the wound makes, _he at...

Page 91

...fault that I feel bad"--this kind of
reasoning is peculiar to all invalids, and is but...

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...congestion and organisation of
the sick (the word "Church" is the most popular name for it):...

Page 93

...is only the actual suffering, the discomfort of the
sufferer, which he combats, _not_ its cause,...

Page 94

...servility, for German pusillanimity).
In such a case there is invariably recourse to a _war_ on...

Page 95

...gratitude that rings in the very _will_ for an explanation
of such a character. The supreme...

Page 96

...its absolute knowledge, he has no
more any consciousness of that which is without or of...

Page 97

...has to do is to juggle a little
with the names, and to rechristen, so as...

Page 98

...for Power,
much against the wishes of their individual consciences; the latter,
on the contrary, range themselves...

Page 99

...to the great nausea--I know quite well the
purpose which all modern books will and can...

Page 100

...with the moralist
simplicity of a country priest or the sweet and cautious modesty of a
Protestant...

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...is applied with _a good
conscience_, that the ascetic priest has prescribed it in the most
implicit...

Page 102

...moving in one direction (in the direction of guilt,
the _only_ cause of suffering); everywhere the...

Page 103

..."refined," "daintified," "emasculated" (and thus it
means almost as much as injured). But when you have...

Page 104

...comes
syphilis--_magno sed proximo intervallo_.


22.

The ascetic priest has, wherever he has obtained the mastery, corrupted
the health...

Page 105

...further. An immortal Peter! who could
stand _him_! They have an ambition which makes one laugh:...

Page 106

...the provisional expression,
an obscure expression bristling with queries and misunderstandings.
And with _this_ object only in...

Page 107

...ideal superior
to itself, and wherever science still consists of passion, love,
ardour, suffering, it is not...

Page 108

..."unbelievers" (for they are all of them
that): it seems that this idea is their last...

Page 109

...in truth. Has indeed any European,
any Christian freethinker, ever yet wandered into this proposition
and its...

Page 110

...in science is
based has remained to this day a metaphysical belief--even we knowers
of to-day, we...

Page 111

...its temporary hardening, stiffening, and
dogmatising--it makes the life in the ideal free once more, while...

Page 112

...and most subterranean!
They have been playing into each other's hands up to the present, have
these...

Page 113

...effort to
_counteract_ the ascetic ideal? Is it really seriously suggested that
Kant's _victory_ over the theological...

Page 114

...the praise given to contemplation; oh,
what a thirst do these sweet intellectuals excite even for...

Page 115

...the blockhead
elements in the populace (the invariable success of _every_ kind of
intellectual charlatanism in present-day...

Page 116

...of an ideal, is, if you will believe me,
that ideal itself in its severest and...

Page 117

...has drawn one conclusion after the other, it
finally draws its _strongest conclusion_, its conclusion against
itself;...

Page 118

...more
like a leaf in the wind, a shuttle-cock of chance, of nonsense, he
could now "will"...

Page 119

...on the other hand, saw and felt the problem of the law-giver of
new values: the...

Page 120

...believes that
everything there belongs to him. Then he recovers himself, like
Winckelmann, like Mozart. He looks...

Page 121

...the Church and upon moral law. Thus
Rubens portrayed the nobility of his age; but only...

Page 122

...abroad. Over the smug
populace remaining, the slave-souled people, there came an improvement
from abroad, especially by...

Page 123

...great evil. In Europe all sensible people are
sceptics, whether they say so or not.


18.

I see...

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...again lead to the
breeding of manly virtues, because men will live in continual danger.
Universal military...

Page 125

...must consist in this: that the Europeans, by
virtue of their growing morality, believe in all...