The Dawn of Day

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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...Friedrich Nietzsche


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...the case of the books written in his prime--_The Joyful Wisdom_,
_Zarathustra_, _Beyond Good and Evil_,...

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of which the Teutons are a branch.

What would Nietzsche have said to this legerdemain? He...

Page 3 the guardians of the State need not be uneasy. There is
little danger of Nietzsche's...

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...that at last, perhaps very late in the day, we
may be able to do something...

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...will tell you--here, in this late
preface,(1) which might easily have become an obituary or a...

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...all kinds of
devilry in the art of convincing: even at the present day there is...

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...justice, et de la vertu_. (Speech of June 4th, 1794.) On
the other hand, with such...

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regard to morals, even above the confidence in morals--should it not be a
German book for...

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...not too late: what, after all, do five or six
years matter? Such a book, and...

Page 10 more, as
the amount of belief existing to-day in the masculinity or femininity of
the sun.(2)



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...coarse would they sound if
we uttered them! or to so great an extent would they...

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...will be developed: but the distinction between the
morality of the _most frequent obedience_ and the...

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...Under the dominating influence of the morality
of custom, originality of every kind came to acquire...

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...punishment which has swept over the whole
world! No weed more harmful than this! It is...

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...themselves irresistibly urged on to throw off the yoke of
some morality or other, had no...

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fertility in the production of saints and martyrs, believing that it was
thus proving itself, Jerusalem...

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...and in such
circumstances, it would be regarded as a virtue to be ingenious and
insatiable in...

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...physical and intellectual tortures: and not only
the mere step forward, no! but every form of...

Page 19 not judged from the most superficial and vulgar external
appearance, _i.e._ not as every one...

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...been: for one had to secure one's things
like men and beasts, by means of force,...

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this reason that the old baboon is uglier than the young one, and that the

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...intentions are
agreeable and peaceful. The beginnings of justice, like those of wisdom--in
short, everything which we...

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...conception of which imbued the soul
with courage and hope. A cheerful outlook was placed in...

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...envy of the rivals he had outstripped, refused to let his
powers lie dormant until he...

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...sublime. Thus it is pride,
and the habitual fashion of satisfying it, which opposes this new

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...such a way that children perceive in adults violent
predilections and aversions for certain actions, and...

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...contrary opinion
has been maintained up to the present time, even in the domain of the...

Page 28 a religious obligation to inquire
into the future, in those cases where we remain satisfied...

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...also is the venerable, though dreadful,
primeval world of science; here grow up the poet, the...

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...not the fault of the crowd of thinkers and
scientific workers: it is "self-wrought pain."(3)



Page 31 abstract
contemplations: this is what was formerly regarded as _elevation_; but now
it is not practicable...

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...gradually begin to
manifest their wealth of colours, beauties, enigmas, and diversity of
meaning, of which earlier...

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...the boundaries of man.


people sought to show...

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...have lost themselves completely: while, on the
other hand, the criminal often gives a proof of...

Page 35 penitence
and the fear of hell, especially if they happened to be men of
imagination. In...

Page 36 highly he prizes the _ability_ to change an
opinion as a rare and valuable distinction,...

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...the same manner as a few
philosophers thought they could dispense with tedious and laborious
dialectics, and...

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...just men of profound
feelings, who are still Christians at heart, owe it to themselves to...

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...thought will end by being victorious as a divine thought--the feeling
of finally gaining the victory...

Page 40 his
followers so dearly.


THE FIRST CHRISTIAN.--The whole world still believes in the literary career
of the...

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...Law and those who presumed to doubt it, he was
pitiless and cruel towards all evil-doers,...

Page 42 is my complete vengeance,
here and nowhere else have I the destroyer of the Law...

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...revelling in the expectation of divine glories.

Such was the first Christian, the inventor of Christianity!...

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...immediate and sudden destruction
of the world; by once more introducing a future--for Rome had been...

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...better in praise of his Saviour than
that he had opened the gates of immortality to...

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...great power, it is
more likely that he will pardon a guilty person than admit that...

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...our own time, have become the one common interest which appeals to
all classes of people--with...

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...approach him, with features showing traces of dreadful
sufferings. Or the dark walls of the room...

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...this fault is always judged accordingly to be a
very heinous one. But this was not...

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...last act in


THE COMPASSIONATE CHRISTIAN.--A Christian's compassion in the presence of
his neighbour's suffering has another...

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...and squeezed; and how the people
are made acquainted with every form of _the art of...

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...and worry himself in order to gain
his point!


THE MORAL MIRACLE.--In the domain of morality, Christianity...

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...ceased. Luther continued to be an
honest miner's son even after he had been shut up...

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...these two
articles of faith, and did not regard life as worth living if they were

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...bore a few slight traces of immorality; and he felt too much
ashamed and afraid of...

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...brought forward were
refuted, a doubt still remained, viz. whether better proofs could not be
found than...

Page 57 act of despair, such as
submission to the authority of a ruler; but there is...

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...morality merely consists of words and forms, part of that
coarse and subtle deceit (especially self-deceit)...

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and accustomed judgments in our manner of judging our fellow-men (their
minds, rank, morality, character, and...

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...average state of happiness for
all? And why should morality be the way to it? Has...

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...calmly as
possible--_i.e._ in all higher and more important circumstances?


SOME THESES.--We should not give the individual,...

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...we may impose a severe and
regular order upon ourselves in regard to the satisfying of...

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...thus rendering it the
squanderer of the power which would otherwise be commandeered, so to
speak, by...

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...ADMIRERS OF OBJECTIVENESS.--He who, as a child, has observed in his
parents and acquaintances in the...

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...which they wish to maintain for me. Why do they do it?
On the one hand...

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...equilibrium for
only a short time and in most cases continue to rise and fall. As...

Page 67 inexpressible happiness at the sight
of torture; indeed, happiness considered as a feeling of power...

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debaucheries to which one may be led by the desire for power!



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...better still,
enjoy thine own will and pleasure, thy tyrannical arbitrariness! Raise
thyself above thy life as...

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...impulses. Now, it is our habit no longer to observe
accurately when words fail us, since...

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...Socrates and Plato, who in this matter were great sceptics and
admirable innovators, were nevertheless intensely...

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...In the same way our ear encloses us in a small space,
and so likewise does...

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...the ultimate cause of his doing so, we nevertheless still believe
the contrary! O world of...

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all the cravings were as vehement in their demands as hunger, which
refuses to be satisfied...

Page 75 suppose that some day as we
pass along a public street we see some one...

Page 76 all times mistaken the
active for the passive: it is its eternal grammatical blunder.



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...faster, and to reach the goal almost within the
twinkling of an eye: and in this...

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...other, and we compare these
consequences in our mind. We think we have come to a...

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...battle itself is hidden from my sight, as
likewise is the victory, as victory; for I...

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...came to the worst the mortals could,
at least, let the gods die of starvation; or...

Page 81 indefinitely: hence, it
must happen that certain throws perfectly resemble every degree of
appropriateness and good...

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...his famous moral formula "vivre pour autrui" has indeed
out-christianised even Christianity!

It was Schopenhauer in Germany...

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...sufferings of others if our benevolence is
to have any moral value,--a doctrine which Schopenhauer, very...

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...of by acts of
compassion. Nevertheless, we never act thus from one single motive: as it

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...stoical impassability to compassionate men: they have only
disdainful words for sensitive hearts, as they think...

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...for such a state they regard as
deprived of all virtue. Pitying is equivalent to despising:...

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the experiment without trying to imagine it any longer! The first maxim
is, in addition, undoubtedly...

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...of pity is a higher
morality than that of stoicism? Prove it! But take care not...

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...frequently neglect to act thus, and we produce these feelings in
ourselves in accordance with the...

Page 90 to the answer: man
being the most timid of all beings because of his subtle...

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...his own secret intellectual desires!--Why did Schopenhauer
really feel so grateful, so profoundly indebted to Kant?...

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...towards this ideal
divine cannibalism.


"UNEGOISTIC."--This man is empty and wishes to be filled, that one is

Page 93 of our neighbours--that we should
strengthen and elevate the general sense of human power, even...

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that alleged profound and essential difference.

In future, then, will these very actions be less frequently...

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...But when we then see him exposing the inheritance and
legacy of his struggles and victories,...

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...feeling, a last _refugium_.
We, who live in a much more secure state, have introduced danger...

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...Christian practice and a little
Schopenhauerian theory may be strongly recommended.



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...a disgrace to depart from morality either in actions or thought; many
new experiments must be...

Page 99 viz. that wherever Wagner gave or took offence some
problem lay hidden,--which, however, he did...

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...the spirits be conjured up? It is useless. We never forget
what we endeavour to forget....

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...schools, must
have been very immoral! The truth of this matter is so complicated and
entangled that...

Page 102 they are in it they enjoy
the charm of being, as it were, outside themselves,...

Page 103 security which is now venerated as the supreme deity.--And now,
horror of horrors! it is...

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...mode of valuation and applies it to everything, including the
productions of art and science, and...

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...their path pointed out to them. At the time when they were
ripe enough to be...

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lesser of two evils.


ROUGH AND READY CONSISTENCY.--People say of a man with great respect, "He

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...impossible for us to imagine a social state in
which the criminal will publicly denounce himself...

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...time from inexhaustible sources in the people.
The time comes again and again when the masses...

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mingle for a time with the large circle of their followers: what have they
in common,...

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...happiness, exaltation,
and unworldliness beside that of their own brutality, so that for once
they may forget...

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...because he was an exception among
Frenchmen, but because he was a true Frenchman: for up...

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...the worst
possible moral tediousness. Here the Germans had a permissible form of
_esprit_ and they revelled...

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...of that period of our lives when we had
mathematics and physics forced down our throats,...

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...those toilsome years! only the knowledge of what
men had learnt and were able to do...

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contributions which in the first half of...

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...a long time at the service of this obscure exalted and
retrograde spirit, have once more...

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insult, as we, influenced by a hereditary spirit of chivalric
adventurousness and self-devotion, are in the...

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...serve as a residence for
greater and taller beings; they reply to a provoking speech with...

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...should not therefore shrink
from drawing the inevitable conclusion and treating the criminal like a
lunatic--above all,...

Page 120 the idea of punishment. May these monstrous ideas
henceforth live banished far from the abodes...

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...plough, will rejoice in thee--all creatures will rejoice
in thee."


AGAINST BAD DIET.--Fie upon the meals which...

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...they have even enough
to eat and drink without worrying,--but they are urged on day and...

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...access to all honourable
positions and dignities, and by pushing them further down into the meaner

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...of European distinction and
to stand in the front rank: until they shall have advanced so...

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...the newspapers and look enviously at your wealthy
neighbour, made covetous by the rapid rise and...

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...boundaries of
Europe; and those very qualities which on their native soil had begun to
degenerate into...

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...present day is almost always frivolous in politics,
though even here he has the advantage and...

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...obey"--this is
a German sentiment, a German deduction; it is the basis of all German
moral teaching....

Page 129 want."--"We no longer wish causes to be sinners and effects to be



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...uncivilised ages did the same. The
consequence is that almost all men come to know themselves...

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...must that
other "egoistic" morality of obedience, duty, and reason seem to you: it
is displeasing to...

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...Wagner, an abrupt and
aggressive restlessness, in the midst of which, just as the most patient

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...eye which sees through their little deceptions and subsequently
notices how often they have stopped at...

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...too subtle, and you will
experience a great deal of pleasure in its numerous delicate and...

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...have long been the faithful and honourable upholders of the doctrine
propagated by the party, and...

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...moral one, and that the sight of Macbeth
irresistibly induces us to shun the evil of...

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...of passion accumulated for century after century (and an afflux of
blood under the skin)? while...

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...the truth that he did not speak well.--Napoleon, as the complete and
fully developed type of...

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...resolutely proved is
appearance itself; for only too many people lack eyes to observe it. But

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...sweet notes.--Now he even appeals to our
coarser senses that he may excite us and thus...

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...dispute with them--an uncommon and
strange enjoyment in the _dolce far niente_; a sunset and evening...

Page 142 one another. Genius
in consequence of this sight is often unhappy, and if it feels...

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...behind these words your toleration
of science. In a corner of your inmost mind you think,...

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...of the happiness of the contrast--this effortless rolling down
hill. I describe happiness as I imagine...

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...over we know that he feels greatly exalted; he has been
victorious over us. Yes, and...

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...and do not think that their actions have any ultimate
signification--remain childlike.



Page 147 seen by their exercise of reserve and strictness, and a certain
contempt for familiarity, as...

Page 148



THE SUBTLETY OF SERVING.--One of the most subtle tasks in the great art of
serving is...

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...him! there is some one who knows how all this has been
done, viz. his intellectual...

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...lie unspeakably and often, but they do
not think about it afterwards, and generally do not...

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...TRADE IS NOBLE.--To sell one's virtue only at the highest
price, or even to carry on...

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...birds of passage wake up on an island no larger than a
small boat, and here...

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...between moderation and excess, and from being betimes on
their guard against themselves. It is as...

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...risen if ever they
had completely and honestly left everything to the Godhead as to their

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...prophet and
wonder-worker of one's age are the same to-day as in former times: one
must live...

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...them under the same instinctive
compulsion without thereby losing their honesty.



Page 157 his wicked
and malicious son slew him in the evening, and then with a sigh...

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...this you call your moral tendency! Very well;
another may perhaps call it your cowardice! One...

Page 159 his life things which were more important than he
is now about to lose by...

Page 160



MORAL MOSQUITOES.--Those moralists who are lacking in the love of
knowledge, and who are only acquainted...

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...position of grumblers. But we should, on the contrary, live in a place
where we should...

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...fourth a party, a fifth, again,
one very rarely to be met with, a whole age.



Page 163, plenty of sleep in both the literal and figurative
sense of the word. Thus another...

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...violent character, and will act accordingly.


GARDENERS AND GARDENS.--Wet dreary days, loneliness, and unkind words give

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...on the other hand, the cheater is highly delighted
at his successful fraud, and is not...

Page 166 act in this or that
way; but as soon as they begin to excuse their...

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...the Christian who has freed himself from sin is generally ruined
afterwards by the hatred for...

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...and I shall never lack
courage to lead you."


CUNNING OF THE VICTIM.--What a sad cunning there...

Page 169 Is he
to give himself up to you? Shall he become as you now are,...

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...admitting, they were quite
colour-blind in regard to blue and green, believing the former to be...

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...small ambition to create for these
intellects a kind of horticulture, the principal charm of which--like...

Page 172 by the burden of this passion,
are bound to feel more exalted and comforted than...

Page 173 the happiness of our epoch? It is
undoubtedly its type of beauty which we now...

Page 174 which all the danger lies--not only dangerous for ourselves,
but also for the ship.


PRIVILEGES.--The man...

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...offer us no further
resistance--and then we are surprised to find that we can see through...

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...relate the full misery of his thoughts so that the
listener's hand and heart will once...

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and with it woe itself is gone" (Marcus Aurelius).



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...reading, and, more especially, we ought not to be
amongst our usual surroundings.



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...both must have suffered in their pride because they could not
succeed in _verum impendere vitae!_--_verum_,...

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...of the body, are
very rarely due to one gross offence against physical and mental reason,

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...Are we
not tempted to fly to hell before this continual obtrusiveness of heaven,
this inevitable supernatural...

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the same way as evil men are familiar with innumerable kinds of happiness
which the virtuous...

Page 183 were, look out of the windows of the
castle which serves them as a stronghold,...

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our knowledge!



_A._ Some men emerge from a general moral scepticism bad-tempered and
feeble, corroded,...

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...romance, crises,
catastrophies, or death struggles. Their thinking is not at the same time
the involuntary biography...

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...length come to know? Their organs! which perhaps is as
much as to say: the impossibility...

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...presence of his own philosophy!


AGAINST THE WASTE OF LOVE.--Do we not blush when we surprise...

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...of the
multitude my life is like theirs, and I do not think like myself; but

Page 189 regarded as the essence of depravity in the
midst of every existing society: for as...

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...even people like these do not come
into possession of such an eye all at once:...

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...heaven and hell. Now we have the right to experiment upon
ourselves! Yes, men have the...

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...the right of deciding good taste in all
things, and if necessary of decreeing it. The...

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...indeed by no means easy to be merely a spectator in these
cases--but learn! and then,...

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...say, if he shuns, hates, or
injures himself--he is certainly not a good man. He then...

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...not even think of it.


A QUESTION OF PENETRATION.--When we are confronted with any manifestation
which some...

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...we accord them, the more will actions of this kind venture to
make themselves known,--and thus...

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to conform to the other, and finally they are both at a loss to know...

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...again and again. This has already been
sufficiently demonstrated, and more than sufficiently!


THE THUMBSCREW.--It is disgusting...

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...your senses might be too dull, and even your delicacy of sight far
too blunt? If...

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lacked this pride, on which account they were great learners, and not
merely the exploiters of...

Page 201

intellect at this period of their lives: the belief in an exceptional
position, and exceptional rights....

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...sun, like fruit in autumn. Yes, he grows more divine and
beautiful, this great old man,--and...

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...fact upon which such wishes are based, however, is that he
himself has come to a...

Page 204

...flames! Oh, for your martyrdom,
your victory of the sanctified lie! Must you really inflict so...

Page 205


And people like these are "going in for" philosophy nowadays! I fear they
will discover one...

Page 206 be made to him, and expects and accepts the best
things from divine love and...

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...more generous motive. "What do I matter?" is written over the
door of the thinker of...

Page 208

...are like Byron we long for actions,
because these detach us from ourselves to an even...

Page 209 Descartes and Spinoza. What great delight must all these men
have felt in knowledge! and...

Page 210

...shun our own harshness and brusqueness in case it should
instil a drop of unhappiness into...

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...and my kind of health, and takes the circuitous
route of my head to persuade me...

Page 212

...less a man than
Gautama Buddha has imagined the vanity of these few in the formula,...

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...expedient. By picturing all things
a shade or two darker than they really are, their light,...

Page 214

...the same time taking a pride in our stiff
and indifferent attitude, as if it were...

Page 215



THE BATTLE-FIELD DISPENSARY OF THE SOUL.--What is the most efficacious


LIFE SHALL COMFORT US.--If, like the...

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...example, the sun is feminine, and in
French masculine.--TR.


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... did not. In Nietzsche's case, however, the scrutiny has been in

Page 218

... er."--TR.

12 The case of that other witty Venetian, Casanova.--TR.