The Dawn of Day

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 0

...Friedrich Nietzsche

...

Page 1

...the case of the books written in his prime--_The Joyful Wisdom_,
_Zarathustra_, _Beyond Good and Evil_,...

Page 2

...family
of which the Teutons are a branch.

What would Nietzsche have said to this legerdemain? He...

Page 3

...so the guardians of the State need not be uneasy. There is
little danger of Nietzsche's...

Page 4

...that at last, perhaps very late in the day, we
may be able to do something...

Page 5

...will tell you--here, in this late
preface,(1) which might easily have become an obituary or a...

Page 6

...all kinds of
devilry in the art of convincing: even at the present day there is...

Page 7

...justice, et de la vertu_. (Speech of June 4th, 1794.) On
the other hand, with such...

Page 8

...in
regard to morals, even above the confidence in morals--should it not be a
German book for...

Page 9

...not too late: what, after all, do five or six
years matter? Such a book, and...

Page 10

...no more, as
the amount of belief existing to-day in the masculinity or femininity of
the sun.(2)




4.


AGAINST...

Page 11

...coarse would they sound if
we uttered them! or to so great an extent would they...

Page 12

...will be developed: but the distinction between the
morality of the _most frequent obedience_ and the...

Page 13

...Under the dominating influence of the morality
of custom, originality of every kind came to acquire...

Page 14

...punishment which has swept over the whole
world! No weed more harmful than this! It is...

Page 15

...themselves irresistibly urged on to throw off the yoke of
some morality or other, had no...

Page 16

...its
fertility in the production of saints and martyrs, believing that it was
thus proving itself, Jerusalem...

Page 17

...and in such
circumstances, it would be regarded as a virtue to be ingenious and
insatiable in...

Page 18

...physical and intellectual tortures: and not only
the mere step forward, no! but every form of...

Page 19

...be not judged from the most superficial and vulgar external
appearance, _i.e._ not as every one...

Page 20

...been: for one had to secure one's things
like men and beasts, by means of force,...

Page 21

...for
this reason that the old baboon is uglier than the young one, and that the
young...

Page 22

...intentions are
agreeable and peaceful. The beginnings of justice, like those of wisdom--in
short, everything which we...

Page 23

...conception of which imbued the soul
with courage and hope. A cheerful outlook was placed in...

Page 24

...envy of the rivals he had outstripped, refused to let his
powers lie dormant until he...

Page 25

...sublime. Thus it is pride,
and the habitual fashion of satisfying it, which opposes this new
interpretation...

Page 26

...such a way that children perceive in adults violent
predilections and aversions for certain actions, and...

Page 27

...contrary opinion
has been maintained up to the present time, even in the domain of the...

Page 28

...as a religious obligation to inquire
into the future, in those cases where we remain satisfied...

Page 29

...also is the venerable, though dreadful,
primeval world of science; here grow up the poet, the...

Page 30

...not the fault of the crowd of thinkers and
scientific workers: it is "self-wrought pain."(3)




42.


ORIGIN OF...

Page 31

...to abstract
contemplations: this is what was formerly regarded as _elevation_; but now
it is not practicable...

Page 32

...gradually begin to
manifest their wealth of colours, beauties, enigmas, and diversity of
meaning, of which earlier...

Page 33

...the boundaries of man.




49.


THE NEW FUNDAMENTAL FEELING: OUR FINAL CORRUPTIBILITY.--In former times
people sought to show...

Page 34

...have lost themselves completely: while, on the
other hand, the criminal often gives a proof of...

Page 35

...to penitence
and the fear of hell, especially if they happened to be men of
imagination. In...

Page 36

...how highly he prizes the _ability_ to change an
opinion as a rare and valuable distinction,...

Page 37

...the same manner as a few
philosophers thought they could dispense with tedious and laborious
dialectics, and...

Page 38

...just men of profound
feelings, who are still Christians at heart, owe it to themselves to...

Page 39

...thought will end by being victorious as a divine thought--the feeling
of finally gaining the victory...

Page 40

...buy his
followers so dearly.




68.


THE FIRST CHRISTIAN.--The whole world still believes in the literary career
of the...

Page 41

...Law and those who presumed to doubt it, he was
pitiless and cruel towards all evil-doers,...

Page 42

...here is my complete vengeance,
here and nowhere else have I the destroyer of the Law...

Page 43

...revelling in the expectation of divine glories.

Such was the first Christian, the inventor of Christianity!...

Page 44

...immediate and sudden destruction
of the world; by once more introducing a future--for Rome had been...

Page 45

...better in praise of his Saviour than
that he had opened the gates of immortality to...

Page 46

...great power, it is
more likely that he will pardon a guilty person than admit that...

Page 47

...our own time, have become the one common interest which appeals to
all classes of people--with...

Page 48

...approach him, with features showing traces of dreadful
sufferings. Or the dark walls of the room...

Page 49

...this fault is always judged accordingly to be a
very heinous one. But this was not...

Page 50

...last act in
yourselves!




80.


THE COMPASSIONATE CHRISTIAN.--A Christian's compassion in the presence of
his neighbour's suffering has another...

Page 51

...and squeezed; and how the people
are made acquainted with every form of _the art of...

Page 52

...and worry himself in order to gain
his point!




87.


THE MORAL MIRACLE.--In the domain of morality, Christianity...

Page 53

...ceased. Luther continued to be an
honest miner's son even after he had been shut up...

Page 54

...these two
articles of faith, and did not regard life as worth living if they were
realised!--And...

Page 55

...bore a few slight traces of immorality; and he felt too much
ashamed and afraid of...

Page 56

...brought forward were
refuted, a doubt still remained, viz. whether better proofs could not be
found than...

Page 57

...an act of despair, such as
submission to the authority of a ruler; but there is...

Page 58

...morality merely consists of words and forms, part of that
coarse and subtle deceit (especially self-deceit)...

Page 59

...childish
and accustomed judgments in our manner of judging our fellow-men (their
minds, rank, morality, character, and...

Page 60

...average state of happiness for
all? And why should morality be the way to it? Has...

Page 61

...calmly as
possible--_i.e._ in all higher and more important circumstances?




108.


SOME THESES.--We should not give the individual,...

Page 62

...we may impose a severe and
regular order upon ourselves in regard to the satisfying of...

Page 63

...thus rendering it the
squanderer of the power which would otherwise be commandeered, so to
speak, by...

Page 64

...ADMIRERS OF OBJECTIVENESS.--He who, as a child, has observed in his
parents and acquaintances in the...

Page 65

...which they wish to maintain for me. Why do they do it?
On the one hand...

Page 66

...equilibrium for
only a short time and in most cases continue to rise and fall. As...

Page 67

...an inexpressible happiness at the sight
of torture; indeed, happiness considered as a feeling of power...

Page 68

...psychical
debaucheries to which one may be led by the desire for power!




114.


ON THE KNOWLEDGE OF...

Page 69

...better still,
enjoy thine own will and pleasure, thy tyrannical arbitrariness! Raise
thyself above thy life as...

Page 70

...impulses. Now, it is our habit no longer to observe
accurately when words fail us, since...

Page 71

...Socrates and Plato, who in this matter were great sceptics and
admirable innovators, were nevertheless intensely...

Page 72

...In the same way our ear encloses us in a small space,
and so likewise does...

Page 73

...the ultimate cause of his doing so, we nevertheless still believe
the contrary! O world of...

Page 74

...if
all the cravings were as vehement in their demands as hunger, which
refuses to be satisfied...

Page 75

...us suppose that some day as we
pass along a public street we see some one...

Page 76

...at all times mistaken the
active for the passive: it is its eternal grammatical blunder.




121.


CAUSE AND...

Page 77

...faster, and to reach the goal almost within the
twinkling of an eye: and in this...

Page 78

...other, and we compare these
consequences in our mind. We think we have come to a...

Page 79

...battle itself is hidden from my sight, as
likewise is the victory, as victory; for I...

Page 80

...came to the worst the mortals could,
at least, let the gods die of starvation; or...

Page 81

...game indefinitely: hence, it
must happen that certain throws perfectly resemble every degree of
appropriateness and good...

Page 82

...his famous moral formula "vivre pour autrui" has indeed
out-christianised even Christianity!

It was Schopenhauer in Germany...

Page 83

...sufferings of others if our benevolence is
to have any moral value,--a doctrine which Schopenhauer, very...

Page 84

...of by acts of
compassion. Nevertheless, we never act thus from one single motive: as it
is...

Page 85

...stoical impassability to compassionate men: they have only
disdainful words for sensitive hearts, as they think...

Page 86

...for such a state they regard as
deprived of all virtue. Pitying is equivalent to despising:...

Page 87

...make
the experiment without trying to imagine it any longer! The first maxim
is, in addition, undoubtedly...

Page 88

...of pity is a higher
morality than that of stoicism? Prove it! But take care not...

Page 89

...frequently neglect to act thus, and we produce these feelings in
ourselves in accordance with the...

Page 90

...as to the answer: man
being the most timid of all beings because of his subtle...

Page 91

...his own secret intellectual desires!--Why did Schopenhauer
really feel so grateful, so profoundly indebted to Kant?...

Page 92

...towards this ideal
divine cannibalism.




145.


"UNEGOISTIC."--This man is empty and wishes to be filled, that one is
over-full...

Page 93

...as of our neighbours--that we should
strengthen and elevate the general sense of human power, even...

Page 94

...to
that alleged profound and essential difference.

In future, then, will these very actions be less frequently...

Page 95

...But when we then see him exposing the inheritance and
legacy of his struggles and victories,...

Page 96

...feeling, a last _refugium_.
We, who live in a much more secure state, have introduced danger...

Page 97

...Christian practice and a little
Schopenhauerian theory may be strongly recommended.




161.


BEAUTY CORRESPONDING TO THE AGE.--If our...

Page 98

...a disgrace to depart from morality either in actions or thought; many
new experiments must be...

Page 99

...one: viz. that wherever Wagner gave or took offence some
problem lay hidden,--which, however, he did...

Page 100

...the spirits be conjured up? It is useless. We never forget
what we endeavour to forget....

Page 101

...schools, must
have been very immoral! The truth of this matter is so complicated and
entangled that...

Page 102

...as they are in it they enjoy
the charm of being, as it were, outside themselves,...

Page 103

...is security which is now venerated as the supreme deity.--And now,
horror of horrors! it is...

Page 104

...mode of valuation and applies it to everything, including the
productions of art and science, and...

Page 105

...their path pointed out to them. At the time when they were
ripe enough to be...

Page 106

...the
lesser of two evils.




182.


ROUGH AND READY CONSISTENCY.--People say of a man with great respect, "He
is...

Page 107

...impossible for us to imagine a social state in
which the criminal will publicly denounce himself...

Page 108

...time from inexhaustible sources in the people.
The time comes again and again when the masses...

Page 109

...and
mingle for a time with the large circle of their followers: what have they
in common,...

Page 110

...happiness, exaltation,
and unworldliness beside that of their own brutality, so that for once
they may forget...

Page 111

...because he was an exception among
Frenchmen, but because he was a true Frenchman: for up...

Page 112

...the worst
possible moral tediousness. Here the Germans had a permissible form of
_esprit_ and they revelled...

Page 113

...of that period of our lives when we had
mathematics and physics forced down our throats,...

Page 114

...those toilsome years! only the knowledge of what
men had learnt and were able to do...

Page 115

...really?"




197.


ENMITY OF THE GERMANS TOWARDS ENLIGHTENMENT.--Let us consider the
contributions which in the first half of...

Page 116

...a long time at the service of this obscure exalted and
retrograde spirit, have once more...

Page 117

...an
insult, as we, influenced by a hereditary spirit of chivalric
adventurousness and self-devotion, are in the...

Page 118

...serve as a residence for
greater and taller beings; they reply to a provoking speech with...

Page 119

...should not therefore shrink
from drawing the inevitable conclusion and treating the criminal like a
lunatic--above all,...

Page 120

...it the idea of punishment. May these monstrous ideas
henceforth live banished far from the abodes...

Page 121

...plough, will rejoice in thee--all creatures will rejoice
in thee."




203.


AGAINST BAD DIET.--Fie upon the meals which...

Page 122

...they have even enough
to eat and drink without worrying,--but they are urged on day and...

Page 123

...access to all honourable
positions and dignities, and by pushing them further down into the meaner
trades--and...

Page 124

...of European distinction and
to stand in the front rank: until they shall have advanced so...

Page 125

...the newspapers and look enviously at your wealthy
neighbour, made covetous by the rapid rise and...

Page 126

...boundaries of
Europe; and those very qualities which on their native soil had begun to
degenerate into...

Page 127

...present day is almost always frivolous in politics,
though even here he has the advantage and...

Page 128

...obey"--this is
a German sentiment, a German deduction; it is the basis of all German
moral teaching....

Page 129

...you want."--"We no longer wish causes to be sinners and effects to be
executioners."




209.


THE UTILITY OF...

Page 130

...uncivilised ages did the same. The
consequence is that almost all men come to know themselves...

Page 131

...must that
other "egoistic" morality of obedience, duty, and reason seem to you: it
is displeasing to...

Page 132

...Wagner, an abrupt and
aggressive restlessness, in the midst of which, just as the most patient
listener...

Page 133

...eye which sees through their little deceptions and subsequently
notices how often they have stopped at...

Page 134

...too subtle, and you will
experience a great deal of pleasure in its numerous delicate and...

Page 135

...have long been the faithful and honourable upholders of the doctrine
propagated by the party, and...

Page 136

...moral one, and that the sight of Macbeth
irresistibly induces us to shun the evil of...

Page 137

...of passion accumulated for century after century (and an afflux of
blood under the skin)? while...

Page 138

...the truth that he did not speak well.--Napoleon, as the complete and
fully developed type of...

Page 139

...resolutely proved is
appearance itself; for only too many people lack eyes to observe it. But
it...

Page 140

...sweet notes.--Now he even appeals to our
coarser senses that he may excite us and thus...

Page 141

...dispute with them--an uncommon and
strange enjoyment in the _dolce far niente_; a sunset and evening...

Page 142

...to one another. Genius
in consequence of this sight is often unhappy, and if it feels...

Page 143

...behind these words your toleration
of science. In a corner of your inmost mind you think,...

Page 144

...of the happiness of the contrast--this effortless rolling down
hill. I describe happiness as I imagine...

Page 145

...over we know that he feels greatly exalted; he has been
victorious over us. Yes, and...

Page 146

...and do not think that their actions have any ultimate
signification--remain childlike.




281.


OUR EGO DESIRES EVERYTHING.--It would...

Page 147

...be seen by their exercise of reserve and strictness, and a certain
contempt for familiarity, as...

Page 148

...bodies.




295.


THE SUBTLETY OF SERVING.--One of the most subtle tasks in the great art of
serving is...

Page 149

...him! there is some one who knows how all this has been
done, viz. his intellectual...

Page 150

...lie unspeakably and often, but they do
not think about it afterwards, and generally do not...

Page 151

...TRADE IS NOBLE.--To sell one's virtue only at the highest
price, or even to carry on...

Page 152

...birds of passage wake up on an island no larger than a
small boat, and here...

Page 153

...between moderation and excess, and from being betimes on
their guard against themselves. It is as...

Page 154

...risen if ever they
had completely and honestly left everything to the Godhead as to their
physician,...

Page 155

...prophet and
wonder-worker of one's age are the same to-day as in former times: one
must live...

Page 156

...them under the same instinctive
compulsion without thereby losing their honesty.




329.


THE CALUMNIATORS OF CHEERFULNESS.--People who have...

Page 157

...by his wicked
and malicious son slew him in the evening, and then with a sigh...

Page 158

...this you call your moral tendency! Very well;
another may perhaps call it your cowardice! One...

Page 159

...in his life things which were more important than he
is now about to lose by...

Page 160

...instinct.




357.


MORAL MOSQUITOES.--Those moralists who are lacking in the love of
knowledge, and who are only acquainted...

Page 161

...position of grumblers. But we should, on the contrary, live in a place
where we should...

Page 162

...fourth a party, a fifth, again,
one very rarely to be met with, a whole age.




370.


TO...

Page 163

...be, plenty of sleep in both the literal and figurative
sense of the word. Thus another...

Page 164

...violent character, and will act accordingly.




382.


GARDENERS AND GARDENS.--Wet dreary days, loneliness, and unkind words give
rise...

Page 165

...on the other hand, the cheater is highly delighted
at his successful fraud, and is not...

Page 166

...to act in this or that
way; but as soon as they begin to excuse their...

Page 167

...the Christian who has freed himself from sin is generally ruined
afterwards by the hatred for...

Page 168

...and I shall never lack
courage to lead you."




420.


CUNNING OF THE VICTIM.--What a sad cunning there...

Page 169

...man. Is he
to give himself up to you? Shall he become as you now are,...

Page 170

...admitting, they were quite
colour-blind in regard to blue and green, believing the former to be...

Page 171

...small ambition to create for these
intellects a kind of horticulture, the principal charm of which--like...

Page 172

...is by the burden of this passion,
are bound to feel more exalted and comforted than...

Page 173

...to the happiness of our epoch? It is
undoubtedly its type of beauty which we now...

Page 174

...in which all the danger lies--not only dangerous for ourselves,
but also for the ship.




437.


PRIVILEGES.--The man...

Page 175

...offer us no further
resistance--and then we are surprised to find that we can see through...

Page 176

...relate the full misery of his thoughts so that the
listener's hand and heart will once...

Page 177

...vanished,
and with it woe itself is gone" (Marcus Aurelius).




451.


FOR WHOM A COURT JESTER IS NEEDFUL.--Those...

Page 178

...reading, and, more especially, we ought not to be
amongst our usual surroundings.




455.


THE PRIMARY NATURE.--As we...

Page 179

...both must have suffered in their pride because they could not
succeed in _verum impendere vitae!_--_verum_,...

Page 180

...of the body, are
very rarely due to one gross offence against physical and mental reason,
but...

Page 181

...Are we
not tempted to fly to hell before this continual obtrusiveness of heaven,
this inevitable supernatural...

Page 182

...bones!--in
the same way as evil men are familiar with innumerable kinds of happiness
which the virtuous...

Page 183

...it were, look out of the windows of the
castle which serves them as a stronghold,...

Page 184

...of
our knowledge!




477.


FREED FROM SCEPTICISM.--

_A._ Some men emerge from a general moral scepticism bad-tempered and
feeble, corroded,...

Page 185

...romance, crises,
catastrophies, or death struggles. Their thinking is not at the same time
the involuntary biography...

Page 186

...length come to know? Their organs! which perhaps is as
much as to say: the impossibility...

Page 187

...presence of his own philosophy!




488.


AGAINST THE WASTE OF LOVE.--Do we not blush when we surprise...

Page 188

...of the
multitude my life is like theirs, and I do not think like myself; but
after...

Page 189

...be regarded as the essence of depravity in the
midst of every existing society: for as...

Page 190

...even people like these do not come
into possession of such an eye all at once:...

Page 191

...heaven and hell. Now we have the right to experiment upon
ourselves! Yes, men have the...

Page 192

...the right of deciding good taste in all
things, and if necessary of decreeing it. The...

Page 193

...indeed by no means easy to be merely a spectator in these
cases--but learn! and then,...

Page 194

...say, if he shuns, hates, or
injures himself--he is certainly not a good man. He then...

Page 195

...not even think of it.




523.


A QUESTION OF PENETRATION.--When we are confronted with any manifestation
which some...

Page 196

...we accord them, the more will actions of this kind venture to
make themselves known,--and thus...

Page 197

...endeavour
to conform to the other, and finally they are both at a loss to know...

Page 198

...again and again. This has already been
sufficiently demonstrated, and more than sufficiently!




536.


THE THUMBSCREW.--It is disgusting...

Page 199

...your senses might be too dull, and even your delicacy of sight far
too blunt? If...

Page 200

...Goethe,
lacked this pride, on which account they were great learners, and not
merely the exploiters of...

Page 201

...of
intellect at this period of their lives: the belief in an exceptional
position, and exceptional rights....

Page 202

...sun, like fruit in autumn. Yes, he grows more divine and
beautiful, this great old man,--and...

Page 203

...fact upon which such wishes are based, however, is that he
himself has come to a...

Page 204

...flames! Oh, for your martyrdom,
your victory of the sanctified lie! Must you really inflict so...

Page 205

...incomprehensible.

And people like these are "going in for" philosophy nowadays! I fear they
will discover one...

Page 206

...to be made to him, and expects and accepts the best
things from divine love and...

Page 207

...more generous motive. "What do I matter?" is written over the
door of the thinker of...

Page 208

...are like Byron we long for actions,
because these detach us from ourselves to an even...

Page 209

...by Descartes and Spinoza. What great delight must all these men
have felt in knowledge! and...

Page 210

...shun our own harshness and brusqueness in case it should
instil a drop of unhappiness into...

Page 211

...and my kind of health, and takes the circuitous
route of my head to persuade me...

Page 212

...less a man than
Gautama Buddha has imagined the vanity of these few in the formula,...

Page 213

...expedient. By picturing all things
a shade or two darker than they really are, their light,...

Page 214

...the same time taking a pride in our stiff
and indifferent attitude, as if it were...

Page 215

...cypresses.




571.


THE BATTLE-FIELD DISPENSARY OF THE SOUL.--What is the most efficacious
remedy?--Victory.




572.


LIFE SHALL COMFORT US.--If, like the...

Page 216

...example, the sun is feminine, and in
French masculine.--TR.

...

Page 217

... did not. In Nietzsche's case, however, the scrutiny has been in
...

Page 218

... er."--TR.

12 The case of that other witty Venetian, Casanova.--TR.

...