men are wont, to be, something that you young men nowadays look
upon as old-fashioned. But he has left me in the lurch for once: how
annoying it is! Come away with me! It's time to go!"
At this moment something happened.
 It will be apparent from these words that Nietzsche is still under
the influence of Schopenhauer.--TR.
 This prophecy has come true.--TR.
 _Phaedrus_; Jowett's translation.
(_Delivered on the 23rd of March 1872._)
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,--If you have lent a sympathetic ear to what I
have told you about the heated argument of our philosopher in the
stillness of that memorable night, you must have felt as disappointed
as we did when he announced his peevish intention. You will remember
that he had suddenly told us he wished to go; for, having been left in
the lurch by his friend in the first place, and, in the second, having
been bored rather than animated by the remarks addressed to him by his
companion and ourselves when walking backwards and forwards on the
hillside, he now apparently wanted to put an end to what appeared to
him to be a useless discussion. It must have seemed to him that his
day had been lost, and he would have liked to blot it out of his
memory, together with the recollection of ever having made our
acquaintance. And we were thus rather unwillingly preparing to depart
when something else suddenly brought him to a standstill, and the foot
he had just raised sank hesitatingly to the ground again.
A coloured flame, making a crackling noise for a few seconds,
attracted our attention from the direction of the Rhine; and
immediately following upon this we heard a slow, harmonious call,
quite in tune, although plainly the cry of numerous youthful voices.
"That's his signal," exclaimed the philosopher, "so my friend is
really coming, and I haven't waited for nothing, after all. It will be
a midnight meeting indeed--but how am I to let him know that I am
still here? Come! Your pistols; let us see your talent once again! Did
you hear the severe rhythm of that melody saluting us? Mark it well,
and answer it in the same rhythm by a series of shots."
This was a task well suited to our tastes and abilities; so we loaded
up as quickly as we could and pointed our weapons at the brilliant
stars in the heavens, whilst the echo of that piercing cry died away
in the distance. The reports of the first, second, and third shots
sounded sharply in the stillness; and then the philosopher
had been so unsatisfactory, and misunderstandings relative to its teaching had become so general, that, within a year of the publication of the first part of that famous philosophical poem, Nietzsche was already beginning to see the necessity of bringing his doctrines before the public in a more definite and unmistakable form.Page 7
What does Nihilism mean?--_That the highest values are losing their value.Page 9
The purpose above-mentioned might have been achieved: in the form of a "realisation" of a most high canon of morality in all worldly phenomena, the moral order of the universe; or in the form of the increase of love and harmony in the traffic of humanity; or in the nearer approach to a general condition of happiness; or even in the march towards general nonentity--any sort of goal always constitutes a purpose.Page 18
Hatred of the order of rank.Page 25
Decadence exercises a profound and perfectly unconscious influence, even over the ideals of science: all our sociology is a proof of this proposition, and it has yet to be reproached with the fact that it has only the experience of _society in the process of decay,_ and inevitably takes its own decaying instincts as the basis of sociological judgment.Page 54
are becoming more physical, nutrition consists ever more and more of flesh.Page 86
Fifth recipe: One goes so far as to regard Nature as the reverse of one's ideal, and the lengthy sojourn amid natural conditions is considered a great trial of patience--a sort of martyrdom; one studies contempt, both in one's attitudes and one's looks towards all "natural things.Page 107
Upon examining modern men, we found that there are a large number of _very different_.Page 116
" 284.Page 119
) 290.Page 128
But if you do only what is in keeping with your inclinations, or what necessity exacts from you, or what is useful to you, you ought _neither to praise yourselves nor let others praise you_!.Page 134
"Innocence" to them is idealised stultification; "blessedness" is idealised idleness; "love," the ideal state of the gregarious animal that will no longer have an enemy.Page 139
_--"Nature is good; for a wise and good God is its cause.Page 142
And even here, Life is still in the right--Life that knows not how to separate Yea from Nay: what is the good of declaring with all one's might that war is an evil, that one must harm no one, that one must not act negatively? One is still waging a war even in this, it is impossible to do otherwise! The good man who has renounced all evil, and who is afflicted according to his desire with the hemiplegia of virtue, does not therefore cease from waging war, or from making enemies, or from saying "nay" and doing "nay.Page 148
) If he represent _descending_ development, decay, chronic sickening, he has little worth: and the greatest fairness would have him take as little room, strength, and sunshine as possible from the well-constituted.Page 151
The "individual" lacks sense, he must therefore have his origin in "the thing in itself" (and the significance of his existence must be shown to be "error"); parents are only an "accidental cause.Page 154
This is in the highest degree an _uneconomical_ thought; as we have already suggested, it is the very acme of simplicity, and it is nothing more than the expression of the _agreeableness_ which the "good man" creates (he gives rise to no fear, he permits of relaxation, he gives what one is able to take).Page 182
It could also be proved that the whole of a man's _conscious_ thinking shows a much lower standard of morality than the thoughts of the same man would show if they were led by his _instincts.Page 188
_ And what holds good of artists also holds good, to a greater and more fatal degree, of philosophers.