Jenseits von Gut und Böse

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 100

vorigen Jahrhundert, als alle
Italiäner und Italiänerinnen zu singen verstanden, bei ihnen das
Gesangs-Virtuosenthum (und damit auch die Kunst der Melodik -) auf die
Höhe kam. In Deutschland aber gab es (bis auf die jüngste Zeit, wo
eine Art Tribünen-Beredtsamkeit schüchtern und plump genug ihre jungen
Schwingen regt) eigentlich nur Eine Gattung öffentlicher und ungefähr
kunstmässiger Rede: das ist die von der Kanzel herab. Der Prediger
allein wusste in Deutschland, was eine Silbe, was ein Wort wiegt,
inwiefern ein Satz schlägt, springt, stürzt, läuft, ausläuft, er
allein hatte Gewissen in seinen Ohren, oft genug ein böses Gewissen:
denn es fehlt nicht an Gründen dafür, dass gerade von einem Deutschen
Tüchtigkeit in der Rede selten, fast immer zu spät erreicht wird.
Das Meisterstück der deutschen Prosa ist deshalb billigerweise das
Meisterstück ihres grössten Predigers: die Bibel war bisher das beste
deutsche Buch. Gegen Luther's Bibel gehalten ist fast alles Übrige nur
"Litteratur" - ein Ding, das nicht in Deutschland gewachsen ist und
darum auch nicht in deutsche Herzen hinein wuchs und wächst: wie es
die Bibel gethan hat.


Es giebt zwei Arten des Genie's: eins, welches vor allem zeugt und
zeugen will, und ein andres, welches sich gern befruchten lässt und
gebiert. Und ebenso giebt es unter den genialen Völkern solche, denen
das Weibsproblem der Schwangerschaft und die geheime Aufgabe des
Gestaltens, Ausreifens, Vollendens zugefallen ist - die Griechen zum
Beispiel waren ein Volk dieser Art, insgleichen die Franzosen -;
und andre, welche befruchten müssen und die Ursache neuer Ordnungen
des Lebens werden, - gleich den Juden, den Römern und, in aller
Bescheidenheit gefragt, den Deutschen? - Völker gequält und entzückt
von unbekannten Fiebern und unwiderstehlich aus sich herausgedrängt,
verliebt und lüstern nach fremden Rassen (nach solchen, welche sich
"befruchten lassen" -) und dabei herrschsüchtig wie Alles, was sich
voller Zeugekräfte und folglich "von Gottes Gnaden" weiss. Diese
zwei Arten des Genie's suchen sich, wie Mann und Weib; aber sie
missverstehen auch einander, - wie Mann und Weib.


Jedes Volk hat seine eigne Tartüfferie, und heisst sie seine Tugenden.
- Das Beste, was man ist, kennt man nicht, - kann man nicht kennen.


Was Europa den Juden verdankt? - Vielerlei, Gutes und Schlimmes, und
vor allem Eins, das vom Besten und Schlimmsten zugleich ist: den
grossen Stil in der Moral, die Furchtbarkeit und Majestät unendlicher
Forderungen, unendlicher Bedeutungen, die ganze Romantik und
Erhabenheit der moralischen Fragwürdigkeiten - und folglich gerade
den anziehendsten, verfänglichsten und ausgesuchtesten Theil jener
Farbenspiele und Verführungen zum Leben, in deren Nachschimmer heute
der Himmel unsrer europäischen Cultur, ihr Abend-Himmel, glüht, -
vielleicht verglüht. Wir Artisten unter den Zuschauern und Philosophen
sind dafür den Juden - dankbar.


Man muss es in den Kauf

Last Page Next Page

Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions

Page 1
Indeed, I see a time coming when serious.
Page 5
All I ask, is, like a Roman haruspex, to be allowed to steal glimpses of the future out of the very entrails of existing conditions, which, in this case, means no more than to hand the laurels of victory to any one of the many forces tending to make itself felt in our present educational system, despite the fact that the force in question may be neither a favourite, an esteemed, nor a very extensive one.
Page 8
I cannot, however, profess to have the same courageous confidence which they displayed, both in their daring utterance of forbidden truths, and in the still more daring conception of the hopes with which they astonished me.
Page 13
Page 30
Here everybody without exception is regarded as gifted for literature and considered as capable of holding opinions concerning the most important questions and people, whereas the one aim which proper education should most zealously strive to achieve would.
Page 33
"Only by means of such discipline can the young man acquire that physical loathing for the beloved and much-admired 'elegance' of style of our newspaper manufacturers and novelists, and for the 'ornate style' of our literary men; by it alone is he irrevocably elevated at a stroke above a whole host of absurd questions and scruples, such, for instance, as whether Auerbach and Gutzkow are really poets, for his disgust at both will be so great that he will be unable to read them any longer, and thus the problem will be solved for him.
Page 36
Who will conduct you to the land of culture, if your leaders are blind and assume the position of seers notwithstanding? Which of you will ever attain to a true feeling for the sacred seriousness of art, if you are systematically spoiled, and taught to stutter independently instead of being taught to speak; to aestheticise on your own account, when you ought to be taught to approach works of art almost piously; to philosophise without assistance, while you ought to be compelled to _listen_ to great thinkers.
Page 37
that belongs to his native soil.
Page 43
We well know that a just posterity judges the collective intellectual state of a time only by those few great and lonely figures of the period, and gives its decision in accordance with the manner in which they are recognised, encouraged, and honoured, or, on the other hand, in which they are snubbed, elbowed aside, and kept down.
Page 44
These very people, using these very means, are fighting against the natural hierarchy in the realm of the intellect, and destroying the roots of all those noble and sublime plastic forces which have their material origin in the unconsciousness of the people, and which fittingly terminate in the procreation of genius and its due guidance and proper training.
Page 47
A sudden thought strikes him: why is he a skilled philologist at all! Why did these authors write Latin and Greek! And with a light heart he immediately begins to etymologise with Homer, calling Lithuanian or Ecclesiastical Slavonic, or, above all, the sacred Sanskrit, to his assistance: as if Greek lessons were merely the excuse for a general introduction to the study of languages, and as if Homer were lacking in only one respect, namely, not being written in pre-Indogermanic.
Page 48
The public schools are certainly the seats of this obesity, if, indeed, they have not degenerated into the abodes of that elegant barbarism which is boasted of as being 'German culture of the present!'" "But," asked the other, "what is to become of that large body of teachers who have not been endowed with a true gift for culture, and who set up as teachers merely to gain a livelihood from the profession, because there is a demand for them, because a superfluity of schools brings with it a superfluity of teachers? Where shall.
Page 52
Page 54
We must not only astonish, but terrify--such was the philosopher's opinion: not to fly shamefully away, but to take the offensive, was his advice; but he especially counselled his companion not to ponder too anxiously over the individual from whom, through a higher instinct, this aversion for the present barbarism proceeded, "Let it perish: the Pythian god had no difficulty in finding a new tripod, a second Pythia, so long, at least, as the mystic cold vapours rose from the earth.
Page 56
Thus to the truly cultured man is vouchsafed the inestimable benefit of being able to remain faithful, without a break, to the contemplative instincts of his childhood, and so to attain to a calmness, unity, consistency, and harmony which can never be even thought of by a man who is compelled to fight in the struggle for existence.
Page 61
And then, in the still night, under the peaceful light of hundreds of stars, we all broke out into a tirade which ran somewhat as follows:-- "You have told us so much about the genius," we began, "about his lonely and wearisome journey through the world, as if nature never exhibited anything but the most diametrical contraries: in one place the stupid, dull masses, acting by instinct, and then, on a far higher and more remote plane, the great contemplating few, destined for the production of immortal works.
Page 62
It may perhaps be a law of nature that only the later generations are destined to know by what divine gifts an earlier generation was favoured.
Page 63
All those great men were utterly ruined; and it is only an insane belief in the Hegelian 'reasonableness of all happenings' which would absolve you of any responsibility in the matter.
Page 68
But it is getting chilly, and I don't feel inclined to walk about any more just now.
Page 76
_ really doing something; and to bring this kind of reality forward for the elucidation of history is reckoned as true 'historical culture.