Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 2

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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...Friedrich Nietzsche


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...criticism--especially the
essay on Richard Wagner at Bayreuth--had, of course, foreshadowed his work
as a thinker.

These efforts,...

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...can build. Hence we find here little of the constructive philosophy
of Nietzsche--so far as he...

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...was for my part already in the throes
of moral scepticism and dissolution, that is, as...

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...writings and publish them as a second
volume of _Human, All-too Human_. Perhaps, if surveyed together,...

Page 5 my advice to all who are enough of men to
cling to purity in matters...

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...maintained, here rules a stern, proud, ever vigilant, ever susceptible
will, which has undertaken the task...

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...personal experience? and merely
just my "Human, All-too-human"? To-day I would fain believe the reverse,
for I...

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...without ever
being able to fly or to grasp!


THE WOOERS OF REALITY.--He who realises at last...

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...truth, but only of probability and of its degrees, we
generally discover, from the undisguised joy...

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scientific basis of their metaphysics it is best to make no reply. It is
enough to...

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Even in the hands of the greatest artist-thinkers, pictures and miniatures
of one life only--their own--have...

Page 12 with individuals, against whom
he must fight or to whom he must attach himself, whom...

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...the true, like the fair and the just, is
more expedient and more reputable than the...

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...dangerous form of obscurantism--the most dangerous of all, for the
black art here appears in the...

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...whole web of existence. In so far he is an
impostor. He practises his frauds on...

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...accordingly be
distinguished from others by their disbelief in the metaphysical
significance of morality. This must create...

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best as in the worst, there be not a sacrifice.



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...such deeds
as do not give rise to a bad conscience, the human world would still...

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...peer at him: that he loves that grey calm of the misty
twilight that steals along...

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...their own burden


ENVY WITH OR WITHOUT A MOUTHPIECE.--Ordinary envy is wont to cackle when
the envied...

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from the tortures of suppressed envy.


SEEING OUR LIGHT SHINING.--In the darkest hour of depression, sickness,...

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...we make the most serious mistake in this
connection in being often ashamed, when the design...

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...always proceed uncertainly and shyly, but
sometimes in a furious rage, having worked itself into a...

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...have been to many
a poor despised devil the highest joy of his whole life and...

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...them, whatever their epithets may be! For if
we reach the goal to which they summon...

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...instance, the belief in loving one's enemies--even if it
is only a belief or fancy, and...

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...faithfully all that man occasionally
finds salutary--ecstatic inward happiness, ready for sacrifice or death in
the belief...

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and speaking in plain language: "To a purely knowing being knowledge would
be indifferent."--Not the quality...

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and comedy in the usual old sense, would appear by the side of this new

Page 30 our heart of hearts that it must be excellent, and are
offended if others find...

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...ask: "Must you poets always request wit and dirt
to stand godfather, when an innocent and...

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...arouses a feeling of uncertainty
whether he be walking, lying, or standing, a feeling most closely...

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...stories, to which earlier poets
devoted their powers. Only reality, though by a long way not...

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...of a daring seaman), can inspire great joy, the
credit for which is given to art.--A...

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...follows a philosophy or a genre of
art to the end of its career and beyond,...

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...let me go down again."


AGAINST THE DISPARAGERS OF BREVITY.--A brief dictum may be the fruit...

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...element. One has to _swim_. In the previous,
older music one was forced, with delicate or...

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SHUTTING ONE'S MOUTH.--When his book opens its mouth, the author must shut


BADGES OF RANK.--All poets...

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...original nature-art: all these
characteristics that constitute the greatness of that style are neither
possible nor permitted...

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...we show them only the lofty side of crime and
folly, only the touching and appealing...

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...pass, many a spider must
have woven its web about the book. A book is made...

Page 42 its opponents.


YOUTH AND CRITICISM.--To criticise a book means, for the young, not to let

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...away by all the centuries, although it serves as food for
every epoch. Hence it is...

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...desire from art? Art is to drive away hours
and moments of discomfort, boredom, half-bad conscience,...

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...Goethe wrote
his _Tasso_, his _Iphigenie_. He was followed by a small company of highly
cultured persons,...

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...fact, not a universal language for all time, as is so often said in
its praise,...

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...that the fruits of its great culture-vintage should lose their taste
and wither earlier than the...

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violently on that account are they inflamed with a desire for satisfaction
without change, happiness without...

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...that there is in his book much to be read that is
not actually written down...

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...find a natural soil, just as the tenderest and rarest
plants grow on mountain-slopes of steep...

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...are blended, and their individual virtues should
come to the fore as a collective virtue in...

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...those who should support culture and
spread its teachings ruin themselves if they go about armed,...

Page 53 intelligent appreciation even for the material, the
inferior, the mean, the misunderstood, the weak, the...

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...most unjust towards geniuses, if they be
contemporary. Either it thinks it has no need of...

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...old, well-known thing, which is seen and
overlooked by every one, as something new. The first...

Page 56 object of faith than of contemplation.


STANDING ON ONE'S HEAD.--If we make truth stand on...

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...scenes, involves an estimable gain in life, making the eyesight
keen, calm, and enduring in the...

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...the first roads through
forest and bog. The dialogue of tragedy was the real achievement of...

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...the walls of their heaven. They do not
deny this natural instinct that expresses itself in...

Page 60 matters which in reality are not consecutive
outgrowths but contemporary yet separate phenomena. In particular,

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...just one
thing--direct speaking out. Just as the cella hides and conceals in a
mysterious twilight, yet...

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...three centuries, in all their colourings and refractions of culture,
survive even in our vicinity, only...

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...the evening chime of the _good_
antiquity, with cracked, weary and yet melodious bell, is balm...

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religion.--Faith, indeed, has up to the present not been able to move real
mountains, although I...

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...great artists in that
he did not live within the limited confines of his real capacity,...

Page 66 vocation.


TRAVELLERS AND THEIR GRADES.--Among travellers we may distinguish five
grades. The first and lowest grade...

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...the gratification of the other man's


DISAPPOINTMENT.--When a long life of action distinguished by speeches and

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...changed, become ghosts of our own past: their voice sounds shadowy and
dreadful to us, as...

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IN THE ANTE-CHAMBER OF FAVOUR.--All men whom we let stand long in the
ante-chamber of our...

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...we are capable at all of giving warmth, we are sure
to become warm again and...

Page 71 once
arises as an aftergrowth, to which the man's mind impels her.



Page 72 removed once for all from
the mischievous play of change. For love is more afraid...

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...juvenility, enthusiasm, growth,
apprehensiveness, hopefulness.


ENJOYMENT OF NOVELTY.--Men use a new lesson or experience later on as...

Page 74 does not even need
to renounce glamour and success--are these qualities peculiarly German?--If
they are not,...

Page 75 to avoid provoking Socialism--in
other words, to live in moderation and contentment, to prevent as...

Page 76 history, so that history may seem a preparation and a
ladder up to them.



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...Socialistic movements are nowadays becoming more and
more agreeable rather than terrifying to the dynastic governments,...

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...all parties!"


OF THE "NATION OF THINKERS" (OR OF BAD THINKING).--The vague, vacillating,
premonitory, elementary, intuitive elements--to...

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and hall-marked by the State can lead immediately to social distinction.
The effect of this...

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...need of some act of
childishness or coarseness, as much from shame as for purposes of



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...other masks of old age be wanting? Where is the proud old
man, the domineering old...

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...a day earlier--that is the only way to keep
joy pure. Otherwise, joy all too easily...

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...He that lights his lantern to find perfect men should remember
the token by which to...

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...that we are always taken for something higher than we really are. For
we must thereby...

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staircase happiness, which walks too slowly to keep pace with swift-footed
Time. The best that it...

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...the rule.


THE FATALIST.--You must believe in fate--science can compel you thereto. All
that develops in you...

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piece of hypocrisy. Necessity first teaches the necessariness of an
individual, and the proper epitaph is...

Page 88 ambitious men who would rather suffer drawbacks and
embitter their foes than let it be...

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...our own past, and
into throwing the old skin once more about our shoulders--and that not

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...a brazen duty into gold in the
eyes of all by always performing something more than...

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...hour all will be over.

_The Wanderer_: That is just what I thought when in a...

Page 92 possible.

_The Shadow_: But shadows are more shy than men. You will not reveal to

Page 93 live"--an abominable _lie_,
like that which speaks of the procreation of children as the real...

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...and _artificially diverted_
from these little intimate things. Priests and teachers, and the sublime
ambition of all...

Page 95 easily from pondering over a hypothesis which is isolated,
merely visible, and hence overvalued a...

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...strong man is also the free man, there the
vivid feeling of joy and sorrow, the...

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...of things as simpler than they are, as separate,
indivisible, existing in the absolute. Language contains...

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...nature is willing to humble itself, our vanity again
plays us a trick, in that we...

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origin of that troublesome significance that we have attached to these
things for so long. For...

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...him. Our metaphysicians are in the same relation, or even in
a worse relation, to the...

Page 101 egg, saying,
"Look! look! I shall lay an egg! I shall lay an egg!"



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...are one and the
same person: where the one function appears to them inadvisable, they
exercise the...

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talionis_ the equilibrium of the disturbed relations of power is restored,
for in such primitive times...

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...the repeated question. So reason
is not to be the cause of action, because reason cannot...

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...if we punished, we should be punishing
eternal Necessity."--Measuring the punishment by the degree of knowledge...

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...equality, even in a
higher state of civilisation. This emotion has only been in existence
since the...

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...arises indignation if A. is
prosperous above and B. unfortunate beneath their deserts and equality.
These latter,...

Page 108 pardon."


ELEMENTS OF REVENGE.--The word "revenge" is spoken so quickly that it
almost seems as if...

Page 109 if he is now
suffering, after we have suffered through him? This is a case...

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...not present in him,
and accordingly cannot be wounded. In the same way, he will not...

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in the making. Such virtues are therefore those of men of unequal
standing, invented by the...

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...towards them.


primitive society first aimed...

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...harmonising instincts, they make all about them more
careless, more covetous, and more sentimental. The children...

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...and torturers of
the soul. Further grades of morality, and accordingly means to the end
referred to,...

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...sunk below the level of the
equilibrium. For this equilibrium does not satisfy human vanity, which...

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...or the reverse do not come
into play, we have a feeling of complete irresponsibility. For...

Page 117 new actors, and accordingly do not cease to find
interested spectators: whereas we might well...

Page 118 are his wise actions, and even that fear of belief
in fate is a fatality....

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do? We have nothing to forgive. But does a man ever fully know what he...

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...unskilful teachers, were not
sown on the soil of their nature, which provides them with the...

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challenging and by no means devout look, "The mother and her child--is not
that a pleasant,...

Page 122 church may be built.



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...of worldly
justice were in his eyes as culpable as those they condemned, and their
air of...

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...I am the
son of the prison warder. The rest may reap the fruits of their...

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...wisdom of sheer
roguish pranks which constitutes the best state of soul in a man.
Moreover, he...

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declares that Wieland is its father.

_B._ So young and already so ugly!

_C._ But, so far...

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...a statue sounds
to him like a tale from fairyland.


THE GRAND STYLE.--The grand style comes into...

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...(especially the
last generation of German scholars) and has given enjoyment to a countless
number. It is...

Page 129 quite different from colloquial style, and far
more difficult, because it has to make itself...

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...I cannot find the formula for
it; it remains beyond my grasp as a whole. I...

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...flickered, crackled, and smoked--his _style_ flickers,
crackles, and smokes--but he yearned for the great flame which...

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...a danger for young readers who, in their
admiration for Schiller the poet, have not the...

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nobody could talk seriously of "German classics."--What do our German
publishers, who are about to add...

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...of affairs no longer read them?
A better taste, a riper knowledge, a higher reverence for...

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...the point.


CLASSICAL BOOKS.--The weakest point in every classical book is that it is
written too much...

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...proofs of the wantonness of
the writer, they are proofs of the exhaustion of his imagination....

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...seeks to
provoke cold distrust by its mode of expression, by the bareness of its
walls. For...

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...the ideas of Plato.--Mozart stands in quite a
different relation to his melodies. He finds his...

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taste that enjoys all the good things that have ever existed. It always
points behind. How...

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text is a monstrosity. Such music requires us to have ears where our eyes
are. This,...

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...talking and argument,
accordingly put up with music only as an _hors d'oeuvre_ to those arts

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...old music is continually growing better, and that all
the latest is of little value. For...

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...opera, tragedy, and music--have we a
right to be angry with it, because of its perilous...

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...themselves personal through and through,
all their knowledge and ideas are remoulded into a person, into...

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...joke is the one that takes the place of a
heavy and rather hesitating idea, and...

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...that self-education and mutual education
are becoming more widespread, the teacher in his usual form must...

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...not listen to these, then----



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...let it run on until
it stands still of its own accord--in other words, is destroyed?...

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...and feels in this wise has no need of war.



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...and thus finally the great common fruit-tree
of the world. Whatever injury the individual nations or...

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..._disinterested_. They had
looked far too fixedly at the profit they had reaped themselves hitherto
to see...

Page 152 of Epicurus.


THE EPOCHS OF LIFE.--The real epochs of life are those brief periods of

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...SOLITARY SPEAKS.--In compensation for much disgust, disheartenment,
boredom--such as a lonely life without friends, books, duties,...

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...we hear it said of any one
that he is very rich, we at once feel...

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...the usual "third-day resurrection" of conceptions
an impossibility.--He is wrong, for on the very soil of...

Page 156 will come the harvest. No one may _promise_ that day, unless he
be a fanatic.


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...but have approved of this
art, and one quality they would even have admired and reverenced--the

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...riot for some
time in such indiscreet revelations of youth (or rather, after the
inventive genius of...

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...hues and wrinkles, does not raise a protest against a Duerer fashion of
dress.--Here, where the...

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...forget its
gratitude, because in the meantime people had listened to the preachers of
hatred of the...

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...otherwise lie dormant. But it does not
communicate the impulse to climb higher, to improve, to...

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DEBAUCHERY AT ATHENS.--Even when the fish-market of Athens acquired its
thinkers and poets, Greek debauchery had...

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...Nowadays the democracy of ideas rules in every
brain--there the multitude collectively is lord. A single...

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...five lines
that sum up Piron's whole life, work, and character: every word is a
truth. So...

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...become aware of this fact.


THE SILENCE OF DISGUST.--Behold! some one undergoes a thorough and painful

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...the neighbour's pleasure comes in, since
his former benevolence brings him interest. Moreover, he who gives...

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...creatures. Weariness is the shortest path
to equality and fraternity--and finally liberty is bestowed by sleep.



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...perform long stretches of forced labour and renounce his
own self. He learns much in the...

Page 169 a small
degree, we do on every New Year's Eve with the whole past year....

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...woman has the _intelletto del sacrifizio_,(26)
and no longer enjoys life when her husband refuses to...

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...consider the long intervals of time
that here lie between means and end, the great, supreme...

Page 172, the machine, the railway,
the telegraph are premisses of which no one has yet dared...

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...there as
guarantor and pledge his name if the name of the creator is lacking or...

Page 174 (in other words, desiring as far
as possible to diminish prices for the producer and...

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...of conquest. Perhaps a memorable day will come when a nation
renowned in wars and victories,...

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...there were, man's envy of his neighbour
would prevent him from believing in their equality. And...

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...would have to be thrown
into the scale, and this is impossible. Here the motto is,...

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...we seem to live in the
midst of anonymous and impersonal serfdom.--We must not buy the

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...tries to create and guarantee
independence for as many as possible in their opinions, way of...

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...of the herd had stepped into the white
foaming brook, and went forward slowly, now striving...

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...are clever, the best
thing we can do is to be wise."


A SIGN OF LOVE.--Some one...

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...him to have gone to sleep with an
expression of eternity on their faces. He wants...

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emotion for any length of time. Then they immediately pass to suspicion of
our character, with...

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...of his own brain (judgment,
memory, presence of mind, imagination). He set no value on himself...

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...the day without passions, men, and books?


THE BEST REMEDY.--A little health on and off is...

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that share in all these three qualities, in which all earthly things are
transfigured. This is...

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...say) must be regarded by him calmly, as
a new model who comes in by the...

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...granted freedom of spirit; to him alone comes
the alleviation of life and heals his wounds;...

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...content with freedom such as you have
enjoyed up to now--you and I! For the sight...

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...Jesus and Socrates.--TR.

9 Queen of the Amazons, slain by Achilles in...

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...monastic order. Among the ordeals for
novitiates was enforced silence...