Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 2

By Friedrich Nietzsche

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...Friedrich Nietzsche

...

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...criticism--especially the
essay on Richard Wagner at Bayreuth--had, of course, foreshadowed his work
as a thinker.

These efforts,...

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...can build. Hence we find here little of the constructive philosophy
of Nietzsche--so far as he...

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...was for my part already in the throes
of moral scepticism and dissolution, that is, as...

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...writings and publish them as a second
volume of _Human, All-too Human_. Perhaps, if surveyed together,...

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...to-day my advice to all who are enough of men to
cling to purity in matters...

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...maintained, here rules a stern, proud, ever vigilant, ever susceptible
will, which has undertaken the task...

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...personal experience? and merely
just my "Human, All-too-human"? To-day I would fain believe the reverse,
for I...

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...without ever
being able to fly or to grasp!




3.


THE WOOERS OF REALITY.--He who realises at last...

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...truth, but only of probability and of its degrees, we
generally discover, from the undisguised joy...

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...the
scientific basis of their metaphysics it is best to make no reply. It is
enough to...

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...irrational.
Even in the hands of the greatest artist-thinkers, pictures and miniatures
of one life only--their own--have...

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...as with individuals, against whom
he must fight or to whom he must attach himself, whom...

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...the true, like the fair and the just, is
more expedient and more reputable than the...

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...dangerous form of obscurantism--the most dangerous of all, for the
black art here appears in the...

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...whole web of existence. In so far he is an
impostor. He practises his frauds on...

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...accordingly be
distinguished from others by their disbelief in the metaphysical
significance of morality. This must create...

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...the
best as in the worst, there be not a sacrifice.




35.


AGAINST THE "TRIERS OF THE REINS"...

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...such deeds
as do not give rise to a bad conscience, the human world would still...

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...peer at him: that he loves that grey calm of the misty
twilight that steals along...

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...their own burden
lighter.




53.


ENVY WITH OR WITHOUT A MOUTHPIECE.--Ordinary envy is wont to cackle when
the envied...

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...free
from the tortures of suppressed envy.




61.


SEEING OUR LIGHT SHINING.--In the darkest hour of depression, sickness,...

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...we make the most serious mistake in this
connection in being often ashamed, when the design...

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...always proceed uncertainly and shyly, but
sometimes in a furious rage, having worked itself into a...

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...have been to many
a poor despised devil the highest joy of his whole life and...

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...them, whatever their epithets may be! For if
we reach the goal to which they summon...

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...instance, the belief in loving one's enemies--even if it
is only a belief or fancy, and...

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...faithfully all that man occasionally
finds salutary--ecstatic inward happiness, ready for sacrifice or death in
the belief...

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...together
and speaking in plain language: "To a purely knowing being knowledge would
be indifferent."--Not the quality...

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...tragedy
and comedy in the usual old sense, would appear by the side of this new
art...

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...in our heart of hearts that it must be excellent, and are
offended if others find...

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...ask: "Must you poets always request wit and dirt
to stand godfather, when an innocent and...

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...arouses a feeling of uncertainty
whether he be walking, lying, or standing, a feeling most closely...

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...stories, to which earlier poets
devoted their powers. Only reality, though by a long way not...

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...of a daring seaman), can inspire great joy, the
credit for which is given to art.--A...

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...follows a philosophy or a genre of
art to the end of its career and beyond,...

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...let me go down again."




127.


AGAINST THE DISPARAGERS OF BREVITY.--A brief dictum may be the fruit...

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...element. One has to _swim_. In the previous,
older music one was forced, with delicate or...

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...aid.




140.


SHUTTING ONE'S MOUTH.--When his book opens its mouth, the author must shut
his.




141.


BADGES OF RANK.--All poets...

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...original nature-art: all these
characteristics that constitute the greatness of that style are neither
possible nor permitted...

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...we show them only the lofty side of crime and
folly, only the touching and appealing...

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...pass, many a spider must
have woven its web about the book. A book is made...

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...to its opponents.




161.


YOUTH AND CRITICISM.--To criticise a book means, for the young, not to let
oneself...

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...away by all the centuries, although it serves as food for
every epoch. Hence it is...

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...desire from art? Art is to drive away hours
and moments of discomfort, boredom, half-bad conscience,...

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...Goethe wrote
his _Tasso_, his _Iphigenie_. He was followed by a small company of highly
cultured persons,...

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...fact, not a universal language for all time, as is so often said in
its praise,...

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...that the fruits of its great culture-vintage should lose their taste
and wither earlier than the...

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...more
violently on that account are they inflamed with a desire for satisfaction
without change, happiness without...

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...that there is in his book much to be read that is
not actually written down...

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...find a natural soil, just as the tenderest and rarest
plants grow on mountain-slopes of steep...

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...are blended, and their individual virtues should
come to the fore as a collective virtue in...

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...those who should support culture and
spread its teachings ruin themselves if they go about armed,...

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...an intelligent appreciation even for the material, the
inferior, the mean, the misunderstood, the weak, the...

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...most unjust towards geniuses, if they be
contemporary. Either it thinks it has no need of...

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...old, well-known thing, which is seen and
overlooked by every one, as something new. The first...

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...an object of faith than of contemplation.




208.


STANDING ON ONE'S HEAD.--If we make truth stand on...

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...scenes, involves an estimable gain in life, making the eyesight
keen, calm, and enduring in the...

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...the first roads through
forest and bog. The dialogue of tragedy was the real achievement of...

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...the walls of their heaven. They do not
deny this natural instinct that expresses itself in...

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...in matters which in reality are not consecutive
outgrowths but contemporary yet separate phenomena. In particular,
simplicity...

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...just one
thing--direct speaking out. Just as the cella hides and conceals in a
mysterious twilight, yet...

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...three centuries, in all their colourings and refractions of culture,
survive even in our vicinity, only...

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...the evening chime of the _good_
antiquity, with cracked, weary and yet melodious bell, is balm...

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...ingenious
religion.--Faith, indeed, has up to the present not been able to move real
mountains, although I...

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...great artists in that
he did not live within the limited confines of his real capacity,...

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...by vocation.




228.


TRAVELLERS AND THEIR GRADES.--Among travellers we may distinguish five
grades. The first and lowest grade...

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...the gratification of the other man's
vanity.




235.


DISAPPOINTMENT.--When a long life of action distinguished by speeches and
writings...

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...changed, become ghosts of our own past: their voice sounds shadowy and
dreadful to us, as...

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...friends.




255.


IN THE ANTE-CHAMBER OF FAVOUR.--All men whom we let stand long in the
ante-chamber of our...

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...we are capable at all of giving warmth, we are sure
to become warm again and...

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...at once
arises as an aftergrowth, to which the man's mind impels her.




273.


RAISING AND LOWERING IN...

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...be removed once for all from
the mischievous play of change. For love is more afraid...

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...juvenility, enthusiasm, growth,
apprehensiveness, hopefulness.




290.


ENJOYMENT OF NOVELTY.--Men use a new lesson or experience later on as...

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...as does not even need
to renounce glamour and success--are these qualities peculiarly German?--If
they are not,...

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...is to avoid provoking Socialism--in
other words, to live in moderation and contentment, to prevent as...

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...to history, so that history may seem a preparation and a
ladder up to them.




308.


PARTY WRITERS.--The...

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...Socialistic movements are nowadays becoming more and
more agreeable rather than terrifying to the dynastic governments,...

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...all parties!"




319.


OF THE "NATION OF THINKERS" (OR OF BAD THINKING).--The vague, vacillating,
premonitory, elementary, intuitive elements--to...

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...is recognised
and hall-marked by the State can lead immediately to social distinction.
The effect of this...

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...need of some act of
childishness or coarseness, as much from shame as for purposes of
recreation.




323.


TO...

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...other masks of old age be wanting? Where is the proud old
man, the domineering old...

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...a day earlier--that is the only way to keep
joy pure. Otherwise, joy all too easily...

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...He that lights his lantern to find perfect men should remember
the token by which to...

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...that we are always taken for something higher than we really are. For
we must thereby...

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...of
staircase happiness, which walks too slowly to keep pace with swift-footed
Time. The best that it...

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...the rule.




363.


THE FATALIST.--You must believe in fate--science can compel you thereto. All
that develops in you...

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...a
piece of hypocrisy. Necessity first teaches the necessariness of an
individual, and the proper epitaph is...

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...by ambitious men who would rather suffer drawbacks and
embitter their foes than let it be...

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...our own past, and
into throwing the old skin once more about our shoulders--and that not
merely...

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...a brazen duty into gold in the
eyes of all by always performing something more than...

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...hour all will be over.

_The Wanderer_: That is just what I thought when in a...

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...as possible.

_The Shadow_: But shadows are more shy than men. You will not reveal to
any...

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...to live"--an abominable _lie_,
like that which speaks of the procreation of children as the real...

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...and _artificially diverted_
from these little intimate things. Priests and teachers, and the sublime
ambition of all...

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...so easily from pondering over a hypothesis which is isolated,
merely visible, and hence overvalued a...

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...strong man is also the free man, there the
vivid feeling of joy and sorrow, the...

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...of things as simpler than they are, as separate,
indivisible, existing in the absolute. Language contains...

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...nature is willing to humble itself, our vanity again
plays us a trick, in that we...

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...the
origin of that troublesome significance that we have attached to these
things for so long. For...

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...him. Our metaphysicians are in the same relation, or even in
a worse relation, to the...

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...an egg, saying,
"Look! look! I shall lay an egg! I shall lay an egg!"




18.


THE MODERN...

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...are one and the
same person: where the one function appears to them inadvisable, they
exercise the...

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..._jus
talionis_ the equilibrium of the disturbed relations of power is restored,
for in such primitive times...

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...the repeated question. So reason
is not to be the cause of action, because reason cannot...

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...if we punished, we should be punishing
eternal Necessity."--Measuring the punishment by the degree of knowledge...

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...equality, even in a
higher state of civilisation. This emotion has only been in existence
since the...

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...arises indignation if A. is
prosperous above and B. unfortunate beneath their deserts and equality.
These latter,...

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...to pardon."




33.


ELEMENTS OF REVENGE.--The word "revenge" is spoken so quickly that it
almost seems as if...

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...us if he is now
suffering, after we have suffered through him? This is a case...

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...not present in him,
and accordingly cannot be wounded. In the same way, he will not...

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...is
in the making. Such virtues are therefore those of men of unequal
standing, invented by the...

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...towards them.




40.


THE SIGNIFICANCE OF OBLIVION IN MORAL SENTIMENT.--The same actions that in
primitive society first aimed...

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...harmonising instincts, they make all about them more
careless, more covetous, and more sentimental. The children...

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...and torturers of
the soul. Further grades of morality, and accordingly means to the end
referred to,...

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...sunk below the level of the
equilibrium. For this equilibrium does not satisfy human vanity, which...

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...or the reverse do not come
into play, we have a feeling of complete irresponsibility. For...

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...by new actors, and accordingly do not cease to find
interested spectators: whereas we might well...

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...as are his wise actions, and even that fear of belief
in fate is a fatality....

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...they
do? We have nothing to forgive. But does a man ever fully know what he...

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...unskilful teachers, were not
sown on the soil of their nature, which provides them with the...

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...her
challenging and by no means devout look, "The mother and her child--is not
that a pleasant,...

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...new church may be built.




77.


WHICH IS MORE TRANSITORY, THE BODY OR THE SPIRIT?--In legal, moral,...

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...of worldly
justice were in his eyes as culpable as those they condemned, and their
air of...

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...I am the
son of the prison warder. The rest may reap the fruits of their...

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...wisdom of sheer
roguish pranks which constitutes the best state of soul in a man.
Moreover, he...

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...Goethe
declares that Wieland is its father.

_B._ So young and already so ugly!

_C._ But, so far...

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...a statue sounds
to him like a tale from fairyland.




96.


THE GRAND STYLE.--The grand style comes into...

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...(especially the
last generation of German scholars) and has given enjoyment to a countless
number. It is...

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...is quite different from colloquial style, and far
more difficult, because it has to make itself...

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...I cannot find the formula for
it; it remains beyond my grasp as a whole. I...

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...flickered, crackled, and smoked--his _style_ flickers,
crackles, and smokes--but he yearned for the great flame which...

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...a danger for young readers who, in their
admiration for Schiller the poet, have not the...

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...instance,
nobody could talk seriously of "German classics."--What do our German
publishers, who are about to add...

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...of affairs no longer read them?
A better taste, a riper knowledge, a higher reverence for...

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...the point.




132.


CLASSICAL BOOKS.--The weakest point in every classical book is that it is
written too much...

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...proofs of the wantonness of
the writer, they are proofs of the exhaustion of his imagination....

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...seeks to
provoke cold distrust by its mode of expression, by the bareness of its
walls. For...

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...the ideas of Plato.--Mozart stands in quite a
different relation to his melodies. He finds his...

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...good
taste that enjoys all the good things that have ever existed. It always
points behind. How...

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...lost
text is a monstrosity. Such music requires us to have ears where our eyes
are. This,...

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...talking and argument,
accordingly put up with music only as an _hors d'oeuvre_ to those arts
which...

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...old music is continually growing better, and that all
the latest is of little value. For...

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...opera, tragedy, and music--have we a
right to be angry with it, because of its perilous...

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...themselves personal through and through,
all their knowledge and ideas are remoulded into a person, into...

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...joke is the one that takes the place of a
heavy and rather hesitating idea, and...

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...that self-education and mutual education
are becoming more widespread, the teacher in his usual form must...

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...not listen to these, then----




183.


THERE IS A PROPER TIME FOR WRATH AND PUNISHMENT.--Wrath and punishment...

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...let it run on until
it stands still of its own accord--in other words, is destroyed?...

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...and feels in this wise has no need of war.




188.


INTELLECTUAL AND PHYSICAL TRANSPLANTATION AS REMEDIES.--The...

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...and thus finally the great common fruit-tree
of the world. Whatever injury the individual nations or...

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..._disinterested_. They had
looked far too fixedly at the profit they had reaped themselves hitherto
to see...

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...luxury of Epicurus.




193.


THE EPOCHS OF LIFE.--The real epochs of life are those brief periods of
cessation...

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...SOLITARY SPEAKS.--In compensation for much disgust, disheartenment,
boredom--such as a lonely life without friends, books, duties,...

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...we hear it said of any one
that he is very rich, we at once feel...

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...the usual "third-day resurrection" of conceptions
an impossibility.--He is wrong, for on the very soil of...

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...day will come the harvest. No one may _promise_ that day, unless he
be a fanatic.

_The...

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...but have approved of this
art, and one quality they would even have admired and reverenced--the
French...

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...riot for some
time in such indiscreet revelations of youth (or rather, after the
inventive genius of...

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...hues and wrinkles, does not raise a protest against a Duerer fashion of
dress.--Here, where the...

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...forget its
gratitude, because in the meantime people had listened to the preachers of
hatred of the...

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...otherwise lie dormant. But it does not
communicate the impulse to climb higher, to improve, to...

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...understood.




225.


DEBAUCHERY AT ATHENS.--Even when the fish-market of Athens acquired its
thinkers and poets, Greek debauchery had...

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...Nowadays the democracy of ideas rules in every
brain--there the multitude collectively is lord. A single...

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...five lines
that sum up Piron's whole life, work, and character: every word is a
truth. So...

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...become aware of this fact.




246.


THE SILENCE OF DISGUST.--Behold! some one undergoes a thorough and painful
transformation...

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...the neighbour's pleasure comes in, since
his former benevolence brings him interest. Moreover, he who gives...

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...creatures. Weariness is the shortest path
to equality and fraternity--and finally liberty is bestowed by sleep.




264.


CALUMNY.--If...

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...perform long stretches of forced labour and renounce his
own self. He learns much in the...

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...in a small
degree, we do on every New Year's Eve with the whole past year....

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...woman has the _intelletto del sacrifizio_,(26)
and no longer enjoys life when her husband refuses to...

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...consider the long intervals of time
that here lie between means and end, the great, supreme...

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...press, the machine, the railway,
the telegraph are premisses of which no one has yet dared...

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...there as
guarantor and pledge his name if the name of the creator is lacking or...

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...trade (in other words, desiring as far
as possible to diminish prices for the producer and...

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...of conquest. Perhaps a memorable day will come when a nation
renowned in wars and victories,...

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...there were, man's envy of his neighbour
would prevent him from believing in their equality. And...

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...would have to be thrown
into the scale, and this is impossible. Here the motto is,...

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...we seem to live in the
midst of anonymous and impersonal serfdom.--We must not buy the
facilitation...

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...tries to create and guarantee
independence for as many as possible in their opinions, way of...

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...of the herd had stepped into the white
foaming brook, and went forward slowly, now striving...

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...are clever, the best
thing we can do is to be wise."




301.


A SIGN OF LOVE.--Some one...

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...him to have gone to sleep with an
expression of eternity on their faces. He wants...

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...this
emotion for any length of time. Then they immediately pass to suspicion of
our character, with...

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...of his own brain (judgment,
memory, presence of mind, imagination). He set no value on himself...

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...the day without passions, men, and books?




325.


THE BEST REMEDY.--A little health on and off is...

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...thoughts
that share in all these three qualities, in which all earthly things are
transfigured. This is...

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...say) must be regarded by him calmly, as
a new model who comes in by the...

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...granted freedom of spirit; to him alone comes
the alleviation of life and heals his wounds;...

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...content with freedom such as you have
enjoyed up to now--you and I! For the sight...

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...Jesus and Socrates.--TR.

9 Queen of the Amazons, slain by Achilles in...

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...monastic order. Among the ordeals for
novitiates was enforced silence...