Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 1 Complete Works, Volume Six

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 54

of his relations with other men, man
obtains a new species of _pleasure_ in addition to those pleasurable
sensations which he derives from himself; whereby he greatly increases
the scope of enjoyment. Perhaps he has already taken too many of the
pleasures of this sphere from animals, which visibly feel pleasure
when they play with each other, especially the mother with her young.
Then consider the sexual relations, which make almost every female
interesting to a male with regard to pleasure, and _vice versa._ The
feeling of pleasure on the basis of human relations generally makes
man better; joy in common, pleasure enjoyed together is increased, it
gives the individual security, makes him good-tempered, and dispels
mistrust and envy, for we feel ourselves at ease and see others at
ease. _Similar manifestations of pleasure_ awaken the idea of the same
sensations, the feeling of being like something; a like effect is
produced by common sufferings, the same bad weather, dangers, enemies.
Upon this foundation is based the oldest alliance, the object of which
is the mutual obviating and averting of a threatening danger for the
benefit of each individual. And thus the social instinct grows out of
pleasure.


99.

THE INNOCENT SIDE OF SO-CALLED EVIL ACTIONS.--All "evil" actions are
prompted by the instinct of preservation, or, more exactly, by the
desire for pleasure and the avoidance of pain on the part of the
individual; thus prompted, but not evil. "To cause pain _per se_" does
not exist, except in the brains of philosophers, neither does "to give
pleasure _per se_" (pity in Schopenhauer's meaning). In the social
condition _before_ the State we kill the creature, be it ape or man,
who tries to take from us the fruit of a tree when we are hungry and
approach the tree, as we should still do with animals in inhospitable
countries. The evil actions which now most rouse our indignation, are
based upon the error that he who causes them has a free will, that he
had the option, therefore, of not doing us this injury. This belief in
option arouses hatred, desire for revenge, spite, and the deterioration
of the whole imagination, while we are much less angry with an animal
because we consider it irresponsible. To do injury, not from the
instinct of preservation, but as _requital,_ is the consequence of a
false judgment and therefore equally innocent. The individual can in
the condition which lies before the State, act sternly and cruelly
towards other creatures for the purpose of _terrifying,_ to establish
his existence firmly by such terrifying proofs of his power. Thus
act the violent, the mighty, the

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Text Comparison with Dionysos: Valikoima runoja

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Ja tummemmin, uskollisemmin kuin muutoin petäjä katselee, ja keskellä jäätä ja harmaan kuollutta vuorta valo äkkiä välkähtää -- -- Valon sellaisen näin: minä tajuan sen.
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" Ylt' ympäri kaikki kuuntelee, ei henkäystäkään käy: ei lintu laula.
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ja minut murtaa ja muisto jälleen leimahtaa silmässä ihmisten, -- _muisto minua kauniimmasta_: -- ma näen sen -- ja kuolen niin!" -- Tää syksy on: se -- vielä särkee sydämes! Sa pois pakene! CAMPO SANTO DI STAGLIENO Oi laps, mi suorit hennon karitsan untuvaa, kuin valo tähden-lennon silmistäs tuikahtaa, sa armain leikkikalu lähellä, kaukana, niin puhdas syämmes halu, _Amorosissima!_ Miks katkes kahle varhain? ken syäntäs haavoitti? Jos lemmit, lempi parhain ei sitä korvaisi.
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Kallioilta voiton-innoin syöksyit jalokivi-pinnoin silloin kosken ryöppynä.
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niinkuin myrsky _pauhaa_ onnen ylväin hyrsky, henki vapain, kanssasi.
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Sa, joka ihmisen näit niin _jumalana_ kuin _lampaanakin_ --, _repiä_ jumala ihmisessä kuin lammaskin ihmisessä, ja repien _nauraa_ -- _se, se on sun autuutes_, .
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Hu! Hu! Hu! Hu! Huu!.
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Niin kuolla kuin hänen kerran kuolevan näin: voittaen, _tuhoa_ tuoden.
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Oma sieluni lieska on tää: sen hiljainen hehku ain' yhä korkeammalle, kaukaisuuksia kaivaten, liekehtii.
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Osu syvempään! Osu vielä kerran! Sydän lävistä, särje tää! Miksi kidutat näin väkätylsin nuolin? Miksi katsot jälleen, sa ikiahne inehmotuskan, pahansuovin jumal- salama- silmin? Et tappaa tahdo, vain kiduttaa, kiduttaa? Mitä _minusta_ kidutat, sa pahansuopa, tuntematon jumala? -- Hahaa! Sa hiivit luo, tulet keskellä sydänyön?.
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On kotoni korkeudessa, ma korkeuksiin en kaipaa.
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Ma teitäkö rakastan?.