Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 1 Complete Works, Volume Six

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 31

feel a little better: all this
was believed, was known in former centuries. Why was it forgotten
by our century, when in Germany at least, even in all Europe, the
poverty of psychological observation betrays itself by many signs? Not
exactly in novels, tales, and philosophical treatises,--they are the
work of exceptional individuals,--rather in the judgments on public
events and personalities; but above all there is a lack of the art of
psychological analysis and summing-up in every rank of society, in
which a great deal is talked about men, but nothing about _man._ Why
do we allow the richest and most harmless subject of conversation to
escape us? Why are not the great masters of psychological maxims more
read? For, without any exaggeration, the educated man in Europe who has
read La Rochefoucauld and his kindred in mind and art, is rarely found,
and still more rare is he who knows them and does not blame them. It
is probable, however, that even this exceptional reader will find much
less pleasure in them than the form of this artist should afford him;
for even the clearest head is not capable of rightly estimating the
art of shaping and polishing maxims unless he has really been brought
up to it and has competed in it. Without this practical teaching one
deems this shaping and polishing to be easier than it is; one has not
a sufficient perception of fitness and charm. For this reason the
present readers of maxims find in them a comparatively small pleasure,
hardly a mouthful of pleasantness, so that they resemble the people who
generally look at cameos, who praise because they cannot love, and are
very ready to admire, but still more ready to run away.


OBJECTION.--Or should there be a counter-reckoning to that theory
that places psychological observation amongst the means of charming,
curing, and relieving existence? Should one have sufficiently convinced
one's self of the unpleasant consequences of this art to divert from
it designedly the attention of him who is educating himself in it? As
a matter of fact, a certain blind belief in the goodness of human
nature, an innate aversion to the analysis of human actions, a kind
of shame-facedness with respect to the nakedness of the soul may
really be more desirable for the general well-being of a man than that
quality, useful in isolated cases, of psychological sharp-sightedness;
and perhaps the belief in goodness, in virtuous men and deeds, in an
abundance of impersonal goodwill in the world, has made men better
inasmuch as it has made them less distrustful. When one imitates
Plutarch's heroes with

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Text Comparison with We Philologists Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Volume 8

Page 1
Where any distinction was actually made, for example, later Greek thought was enormously over-rated, and early Greek thought equally undervalued.
Page 2
For the most part the task is to make good, and to set to rights as well as possible, that which was bungled in the beginning.
Page 4
Our task then is to secure for philology the universally educative results which it should bring about.
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PLANS AND THOUGHTS RELATING TO A WORK ON PHILOLOGY (1875) 26 Of all sciences philology at present is the most favoured .
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as to whether higher education ought to be historical or not; but we may examine the second and ask: in how far is it classic? On this point there are many widespread prejudices.
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30 The peculiarly significant situation of philologists: a class of people to whom we entrust our youth, and who have to investigate quite a special antiquity.
Page 13
Let it be remembered that the classic prose of the Greeks is also a late result.
Page 14
"If the admirers of Homer were honest, they would acknowledge the boredom which their favourite often causes them.
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First of all, the culture of antiquity is utilised as an incitement towards the acceptance of Christianity .
Page 18
50 Ah, it is a sad story, the story of philology! The disgusting erudition, the lazy, inactive passivity, the timid submission.
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"classical education" is concerned.
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their every-day life was too hard.
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But they play round life with lies: Simonides advises them to treat life as they would a play; earnestness was only too well known to them in the form of pain.
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his pages, which we admire.
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I wish to breathe the breath of _this_ purpose into science.
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We can now see in a general way that the history of Christianity on earth has been one of the most dreadful chapters in history, and that a stop _must_ be put to it.
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Our knowledge is much greater, and our judgments are more moderate and just.
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The non-popular element in the new culture of the Renaissance: a frightful fact! 171 The worship of classical antiquity, as it was to be seen in Italy, may be interpreted as the only earnest, disinterested, and fecund worship which has yet fallen to the lot of antiquity.
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It is accessible only to a few, and there should be a _police des moeurs,_ in charge of it--as there should be also in charge of bad pianists who play Beethoven.
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We see the danger amid which genius lives.