Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 1 Complete Works, Volume Six

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 134

to such an extent that he anticipates the
common views of the next decade. He possesses public opinion before it
is public; that is, he has fallen into the arms of a view that deserves
to be trivial a quarter of an hour sooner than other people. But his
fame is usually far noisier than the fame of those who are really great
and prominent.


THE ART OF READING.--Every strong tendency is one-sided; it approaches
the aim of the straight line and, like this, is exclusive, that is,
it does not touch many other aims, as do weak parties and natures
in their wave-like rolling to-and-fro; it must also be forgiven to
philologists that they are one-sided. The restoration and keeping pure
of texts, besides their explanation, carried on in common for hundreds
of years, has finally enabled the right methods to be found; the whole
of the Middle Ages was absolutely incapable of a strictly philological
explanation, that is, of the simple desire to comprehend what an
author says--it _was_ an achievement, finding these methods, let it
not be undervalued! Through this all science first acquired continuity
and steadiness, so that the art of reading rightly, which is called
philology, attained its summit.


THE ART OF REASONING.--The greatest advance that men have made lies
in their acquisition of the art to _reason rightly._ It is not so
very natural, as Schopenhauer supposes when he says, "All are capable
of reasoning but few of judging," it is learnt late and has not yet
attained supremacy. False conclusion are the rule in older ages; and
the mythologies of all peoples, their magic and their superstition,
their religious cult and their law are the inexhaustible sources of
proof of this theory.


PHASES OF INDIVIDUAL CULTURE.--Th strength and weakness of mental
productiveness depend far less on inherited talents than on the
accompanying amount of _elasticity._ Most educated young people of
thirty turn round at this solstice of their lives and are afterwards
disinclined for new mental turnings. Therefore, for the salvation
of a constantly increasing culture, a new generation is immediately
necessary, which will not do very much either, for in order to come up
with the father's culture the son must exhaust almost all the inherited
energy which the father himself possessed at that stage of life when
his son was born; with the little addition he gets further on (for as
here the road is being traversed for the second time progress is--a
little quicker; in order to learn that which the father knew, the son
does not consume quite so much strength). Men of great elasticity, like
Goethe, for instance,

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Text Comparison with Ecce homo, Wie man wird, was man ist

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Wenn ich überhaupt von meiner ganzen Kindheit und Jugend keine willkommne Erinnerung habe, so wäre es eine Thorheit, hier sogenannte "moralische" Ursachen geltend zu machen, - etwa den unbestreitbaren Mangel an zureichender Gesellschaft: denn dieser Mangel besteht heute wie er immer bestand, ohne dass er mich hinderte, heiter und tapfer zu sein.
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- Frühmorgens beim Anbruch des Tags, in aller Frische, in der Morgenröthe seiner Kraft, ein Buch lesen - das nenne ich lasterhaft! - - 9.
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- Nach dieser Seite hin betrachtet ist mein Leben einfach wundervoll.
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Diese Schrift war eben damit im Leben Wagner's ein Ereigniss: von da an gab es erst grosse Hoffnungen bei dem Namen Wagner.
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Der Lärm, den es hervorrief, war in jedem Sinne prachtvoll.
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Die unvergleichlichen Tage der Grundsteinlegung, die kleine zugehörige Gesellschaft, die sie feierte und der man nicht erst Finger für zarte Dinge zu wünschen hatte: kein Schatten von Ähnlichkeit.
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Die Forderung, man solle glauben, dass Alles im Grunde in den besten Händen ist, dass ein Buch, die Bibel, eine endgültige Beruhigung über die göttliche Lenkung und Weisheit im Geschick der Menschheit giebt, ist, zurückübersetzt in die Realität, der Wille, die Wahrheit über das erbarmungswürdige Gegentheil davon nicht aufkommen zu lassen, nämlich, dass die Menschheit bisher in den schlechtesten Händen war, dass sie von den Schlechtweggekommenen, den Arglistig-Rachsüchtigen, den sogenannten "Heiligen", diesen Weltverleumdern und Menschenschändern, regiert worden ist.
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- Die fröhliche Wissenschaft.
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Mit dem geringsten Rest von Aberglauben in sich würde man in der That die Vorstellung, bloss Incarnation, bloss Mundstück, bloss medium übermächtiger Gewalten zu sein, kaum abzuweisen wissen.
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Was man aber in die Hände bekommt, das ist nichts Fragwürdiges mehr, das sind Entscheidungen.
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