Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 1 Complete Works, Volume Six

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 130

went rapidly forward, but equally
rapidly downwards; the movement of the whole machine is so intensified
that a single stone thrown amid its wheels was sufficient to break it.
Such a stone, for instance, was Socrates; the hitherto so wonderfully
regular, although certainly too rapid, development of the philosophical
science was destroyed in one night. It is no idle question whether
Plato, had he remained free from the Socratic charm, would not have
discovered a still higher type of the philosophic man, which type
is for ever lost to us. We look into the ages before him as into a
sculptor's workshop of such types. The fifth and sixth centuries B.C.
seemed to promise something more and higher even than they produced;
they stopped short at promising and announcing. And yet there is hardly
a greater loss than the loss of a type, of a new, hitherto undiscovered
highest _possibility of the philosophic life:_--Even of the older
type the greater number are badly transmitted; it seems to me that
all philosophers, from Thales to Democritus, are remarkably difficult
to recognise, but whoever succeeds in imitating these figures walks
amongst specimens of the mightiest and purest type. This ability is
certainly rare, it was even absent in those later Greeks, who occupied
themselves with the knowledge of the older philosophy; Aristotle,
especially, hardly seems to have had eyes in his head when he stands
before these great ones. And thus it appears as if these splendid
philosophers had lived in vain, or as if they had only been intended
to prepare the quarrelsome and talkative followers of the Socratic
schools. As I have said, here is a gap, a break in development; some
great misfortune must have happened, and the only statue which might
have revealed the meaning and purpose of that great artistic training
was either broken or unsuccessful; what actually happened has remained
for ever a secret of the workshop.

That which happened amongst the Greeks--namely, that every great
thinker who believed himself to be in possession of the absolute truth
became a tyrant, so that even the mental history of the Greeks acquired
that violent, hasty and dangerous character shown by their political
history,--this type of event was not therewith exhausted, much that is
similar has happened even in more modern times, although gradually
becoming rarer and now but seldom showing the pure, naïve conscience
of the Greek philosophers. For on the whole, opposition doctrines and
scepticism now speak too powerfully, too loudly. The period of mental
tyranny is past. It is true that in the spheres of higher culture there
must always be a supremacy, but

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Text Comparison with Thoughts Out of Season, Part II

Page 8
he would be cured henceforth of taking history too seriously, and have learnt to answer the question how and why life should be lived,--for all men and all circumstances, Greeks or Turks, the first century or the nineteenth.
Page 9
This power has now become, for him who has recognised it, powerless; not yet, perhaps, for him who is alive.
Page 12
Sometimes there is no possible distinction between a "monumental" past and a mythical romance, as the same motives for action can be gathered from the one world as the other.
Page 22
For every hope of that kind grows from the belief in the genuineness and immediacy of German feeling, from the belief in an untarnished inward life.
Page 34
_ Only by straining the noblest qualities you have to their highest power will you find out what is greatest in the past, most worth knowing and preserving.
Page 43
History must solve the problem of history, science must turn its sting against itself.
Page 58
but this troublesome reality of ours is possible.
Page 60
And what are they called? It is no marvel that they bear the names of poisons:--the antidotes to history are the "unhistorical" and the "super-historical.
Page 73
Our artists live more bravely and honourably than our philosophers; and Richard Wagner, the best example of all, shows how genius need not fear a fight to the death with the established forms and ordinances, if we wish to bring the higher truth and order, that lives in him, to the light.
Page 83
Page 86
The first has the greatest fire, and is most calculated to impress the people: the second is only for the few, for those contemplative natures "in the grand style" who are misunderstood by the crowd.
Page 91
It is always his misfortune to be led to strive after something which he cannot attain by any.
Page 93
perverted desire of a fool--this is what it means to be an animal.
Page 96
Goethe, in an arrogant yet profound phrase, showed how all Nature's attempts only have value in so far as the artist interprets her stammering words, meets her half-way, and speaks aloud what she really means.
Page 99
" It requires some experience of life to be able to contradict this: but let a man be convinced of the real aim of culture--the production of the true man and nothing else;--let him consider that amid all the pageantry and ostentation of culture at the present time the conditions for his production are nothing but a continual "battle of the beasts": and he will see that there is great need for a conscious will to take the place of that blind instinct.
Page 110
Page 113
His father was neither an official nor a savant; he travelled much abroad with his son,--a great help to one who must know men rather than books, and worship truth before the state.
Page 120
They are ready to receive hints and suggestions, and the smallest real truth is ever welcome.
Page 124
It will do its work without state help in money or honours, free from the spirit of the age as well as from any fear of it; being in fact the judge, as Schopenhauer was, of the so-called culture surrounding it.
Page 125
[3] "Then all things are at risk.