Human, All-Too-Human: A Book for Free Spirits, Part 1 Complete Works, Volume Six

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 107

all ages have
exalted and divinely transfigured precisely those ideas which we now
recognise as false; they are the glorifiers of humanity's religious
and philosophical errors, and they could not have been this without
belief in the absolute truth of these errors. But if the belief in such
truth diminishes at all, if the rainbow colours at the farthest ends of
human knowledge and imagination fade, then this kind of art can never
re-flourish, for, like the _Divina Commedia,_ Raphael's paintings,
Michelangelo's frescoes, and Gothic cathedrals, they indicate not only
a cosmic but also a metaphysical meaning in the work of art. Out of all
this will grow a touching legend that such an art and such an artistic
faith once existed.


REVOLUTION IN POETRY.--The strict limit which the French dramatists
marked out with regard to unity of action, time and place, construction
of style, verse and sentence, selection of words and ideas, was
a school as important as that of counterpoint and fugue in the
development of modern music or that of the Gorgianic figures in Greek
oratory. Such a restriction may appear absurd; nevertheless there is
no means of getting out of naturalism except by confining ourselves
at first to the strongest (perhaps most arbitrary) means. Thus we
gradually learn to walk gracefully on the narrow paths that bridge
giddy abysses, and acquire great suppleness of movement as a result,
as the history of music proves to our living eyes. Here we see how,
step by step, the fetters get looser, until at last they may appear to
be altogether thrown off; this _appearance_ is the highest achievement
of a necessary development in art. In the art of modern poetry there
existed no such fortunate, gradual emerging from self-imposed fetters.
Lessing held up to scorn in Germany the French form, the only modern
form of art, and pointed to Shakespeare; and thus the steadiness of
that unfettering was lost and a spring was made into naturalism--that
is, back into the beginnings of art. From this Goethe endeavoured to
save himself, by always trying to limit himself anew in different ways;
but even the most gifted only succeeds by continuously experimenting,
if the thread of development has once been broken. It is to the
unconsciously revered, if also repudiated, model of French tragedy
that Schiller owes his comparative sureness of form, and he remained
fairly independent of Lessing (whose dramatic attempts he is well
known to have rejected). But after Voltaire the French themselves
suddenly lacked the great talents which would have led the development
of tragedy out of constraint to that apparent freedom; later on
they followed the

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Text Comparison with We Philologists Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Volume 8

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Our task then is to secure for philology the universally educative results which it should bring about.
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The majority of men are as it were suspended in the air like toy balloons; every breath of wind moves them.
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The real Greeks, and their "watering down" through the philologists.
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Two propositions are contained in this statement.
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31 It is to be hoped that there are a few people who look upon it as a problem why philologists should be the teachers of our noblest youths.
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Even the Reformation could not dispense with classical studies for this purpose.
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" These educators would now be hauled before the tribunal, and among them an entire profession would be observed .
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47 It is not true to say that we can attain culture through antiquity alone.
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My belief is that we are forced to concern ourselves with antiquity at a wrong period of our lives.
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He educates it up to his music.
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87 Even in the best of cases, philologists seek for no more than mere "rationalism" and Alexandrian culture--not Hellenism.
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108 The Greeks were lacking in sobriety and caution.
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Such they are even when considered as learners; for they understand this best of all, and can do more than merely trim and adorn themselves with what they have borrowed, as did the Romans.
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122 The recreations of the Spartans consisted of feasting, hunting, and making war .
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In regard.
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[13] 166 I understand religions as narcotics: but when they are given to such nations as the Germans, I think they are simply rank poison.
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He would have to be a knowledge-saint: a man who would link love with knowledge, and who would have nothing to do with gods or demigods or "Providence," as the Indian saints likewise had nothing to do with them.