Götzen-Dämmerung

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 56

sagt er Aglaophamus I, 672, hatten sie nichts
Anderes zu thun, so lachten, sprangen, rasten sie umher, oder, da der
Mensch mitunter auch dazu Lust hat, so sassen sie nieder, weinten und
jammerten. Andere kamen dann später hinzu und suchten doch irgend
einen Grund für das auffallende Wesen; und so entstanden zur Erklärung
jener Gebräuche jene zahllosen Festsagen und Mythen. Auf der andren
Seite glaubte man, jenes possirliche Treiben, welches nun einmal an
den Festtagen stattfand, gehöre auch nothwendig zur Festfeier, und
hielt es als einen unentbehrlichen Theil des Gottesdienstes fest." -
Das ist verächtliches Geschwätz, man wird einen Lobeck nicht einen
Augenblick ernst nehmen. Ganz anders berührt es uns, wenn wir den
Begriff "griechisch" prüfen, den Winckelmann und Goethe sich gebildet
haben, und ihn unverträglich mit jenem Elemente finden, aus dem die
dionysische Kunst wächst, - mit dem Orgiasmus. Ich zweifle in der
That nicht daran, dass Goethe etwas Derartiges grundsätzlich aus den
Möglichkeiten der griechischen Seele ausgeschlossen hätte. Folglich
verstand Goethe die Griechen nicht. Denn erst in den dionysischen
Mysterien, in der Psychologie des dionysischen Zustands spricht sich
die Grundthatsache des hellenischen Instinkts aus - sein "Wille zum
Leben". Was verbürgte sich der Hellene mit diesen Mysterien? Das
ewige Leben, die ewige Wiederkehr des Lebens; die Zukunft in der
Vergangenheit verheissen und geweiht; das triumphirende Ja zum Leben
über Tod und Wandel hinaus; das wahre Leben als das Gesammt-Fortleben
durch die Zeugung, durch die Mysterien der Geschlechtlichkeit. Den
Griechen war deshalb das geschlechtliche Symbol das ehrwürdige Symbol
an sich, der eigentliche Tiefsinn innerhalb der ganzen antiken
Frömmigkeit. Alles Einzelne im Akte der Zeugung, der Schwangerschaft,
der Geburt erweckte die höchsten und feierlichsten Gefühle. In der
Mysterienlehre ist der Schmerz heilig gesprochen: die "Wehen der
Gebärerin" heiligen den Schmerz überhaupt, - alles Werden und Wachsen,
alles Zukunft-Verbürgende bedingt den Schmerz... Damit es die Lust des
Schaffens giebt, damit der Wille zum Leben sich ewig selbst bejaht,
muss es auch ewig die "Qual der Gebärerin" geben... Dies Alles
bedeutet das Wort Dionysos: ich kenne keine höhere Symbolik als diese
griechische Symbolik, die der Dionysien. In ihr ist der tiefste
Instinkt des Lebens, der zur Zukunft des Lebens, zur Ewigkeit des
Lebens, religiös empfunden, - der Weg selbst zum Leben, die Zeugung,
als der heilige Weg... Erst das Christenthum, mit seinem Ressentiment
gegen das Leben auf dem Grunde, hat aus der Geschlechtlichkeit etwas
Unreines gemacht: es warf Koth auf den Anfang, auf die Voraussetzung
unseres Lebens...


5.

Die Psychologie des Orgiasmus als eines überströmenden Lebens- und
Kraftgefühls, innerhalb dessen selbst der Schmerz noch als Stimulans
wirkt, gab mir den Schlüssel zum Begriff des tragischen Gefühls,
das sowohl von Aristoteles als in Sonderheit von unsern Pessimisten
missverstanden worden

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Text Comparison with Thoughts out of Season, Part I David Strauss, the Confessor and the Writer - Richard Wagner in Bayreuth.

Page 18
But it will be impossible for you ever to recover the time now lost" (p.
Page 20
Since the war, all is gladness, dignity, and self-consciousness in this merry throng.
Page 24
How could it have been possible for a type like that of the Culture-Philistine to develop? and even granting its development, how was it able to rise to the powerful position of supreme judge concerning all questions of German culture? How could this have been possible, seeing.
Page 25
" What does our Culture-Philistinism say of these seekers? It regards them simply as discoverers, and seems to forget that they themselves only claimed to be seekers.
Page 27
They therefore concentrated and utilised all their forces in those quarters where a fresh and vigorous movement was to be expected, and then paralysed, stupefied, and tore it to shreds.
Page 37
Now, I do not question this warmth in the very least; on the contrary, the fact that Strauss fosters these feelings towards Lessing has always excited my suspicion; I find the same warmth for Lessing raised almost to heat in Gervinus--yea, on the whole, no great German writer is so popular among little German writers as Lessing is; but for all that, they deserve no thanks for their predilection; for what is it, in sooth, that they praise in Lessing? At one moment it is his catholicity--the fact that he was critic and poet, archæologist and philosopher, dramatist and theologian.
Page 59
Now, whether this remaining, necessary, and very irksome work has been satisfactorily accomplished by Strauss does not concern us at present; our question is, whether the building itself has been conceived as a whole, and whether its proportions are good? The reverse of this, of course, would be a compilation of fragments--a method generally adopted by scholars.
Page 66
" The few who happen to have seen the Goddess of Truth declare that she is naked, and perhaps, in the minds of those who have never seen her, but who implicitly believe those few, nakedness or light equipment is actually a proof, or at least a feature, of truth.
Page 68
"If the existing state of.
Page 77
Be their number great or small, therefore, all those who inspire this faith in Wagner should feel extremely honoured; for that it was not inspired by everybody, or by the whole age, or even by the whole German people, as they are now constituted, he himself told us in his dedicatory address of the 22nd of May 1872, and not one amongst us could, with any show of conviction, assure him of the contrary.
Page 86
His attitude towards it then differs from that of every scholar, and more nearly resembles the relation of the ancient Greek to his myths; that is to say, his subject is something he may fashion, and about which he may write verses.
Page 89
The Hellenising of the world--and to make this possible, the Orientalising of Hellenism--that double mission of Alexander the Great, still remains the most important event: the old question whether a foreign civilisation may be transplanted is still the problem that the peoples of modern times are vainly endeavouring to solve.
Page 90
We must not be led away from this idea by comparing the general mission which his genius imposed upon him with the much narrower and more immediate one which we are at present in the habit of associating with the name of Wagner.
Page 101
Should they wish to speak, convention whispers their cue to them, and this makes them forget what they originally intended to say; should they desire to understand one another, their comprehension is maimed as though by a spell: they declare that to be their joy which in reality is but their doom, and they proceed to collaborate in wilfully bringing about their own damnation.
Page 103
They rather _hate_ light--more particularly when it is thrown on themselves.
Page 107
" It may be that a member of the Platonic community would have been able to chasten himself to such conduct: we, however, who live in a very different community, long for, and earnestly desire, the charmer to come to us, although we may fear him already,--and we only desire his presence in order that our society and the mischievous reason and might of which it is the incarnation may be confuted.
Page 117
A great German war caused him to open his eyes, and he observed that those very Germans whom he considered so thoroughly degenerate and so inferior to the high standard of real Teutonism, of which he had formed an ideal both from self-knowledge and the conscientious study of other great Germans in history; he observed that those very Germans were, in the midst of terrible circumstances, exhibiting two virtues of the highest order--simple bravery and prudence; and with his heart bounding with delight he conceived the hope that he might not be the last German, and that some day a greater power would perhaps stand by his works than that devoted yet meagre one consisting of his little band of friends--a power able to guard it during that long period preceding its future glory, as the masterpiece of this future.
Page 124
rhythm could once more dare to manifest itself in the general proportions of the edifice; for there was no more need of "the deliberate confusion and involved variety of styles, whereby the ordinary playwright strove in the interests of his work to produce that feeling of wonder and thrilling suspense which he ultimately enhanced to one of delighted amazement.
Page 128
In this behalf, his inventiveness in small things as in great, his omniscience and industry are such, that at the sight of one of Wagner's scores one is almost led to believe that no real work or effort had ever existed before his time.
Page 132
He is quite unable to divorce the salvation of art from any other salvation or damnation: wherever modern life conceals a danger, he, with the discriminating eye of mistrust, perceives a danger threatening art.