Götzen-Dämmerung

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 53

der ich Zugänge gesucht, zu
der ich vielleicht einen neuen Zugang gefunden habe - die alte Welt.
Mein Geschmack, der der Gegensatz eines duldsamen Geschmacks sein mag,
ist auch hier fern davon, in Bausch und Bogen ja zu sagen: er sagt
überhaupt nicht gern ja, lieber noch Nein, am allerliebsten gar
nichts... Das gilt von ganzen Culturen, das gilt von Büchern, - es
gilt auch von Orten und Landschaften. Im Grunde ist es eine ganz
kleine Anzahl antiker Bücher, die in meinem Leben mitzählen; die
berühmtesten sind nicht darunter. Mein Sinn für Stil, für das Epigramm
als Stil erwachte fast augenblicklich bei der Berührung mit Sallust.
Ich habe das Erstaunen meines verehrten Lehrers Corssen nicht
vergessen, als er seinem schlechtesten Lateiner die allererste Censur
geben musste -, ich war mit Einem Schlage fertig. Gedrängt, streng,
mit so viel Substanz als möglich auf dem Grunde, eine kalte Bosheit
gegen das "schöne Wort", auch das "schöne Gefühl" - daran errieth ich
mich. Man wird, bis in meinen Zarathustra hinein, eine sehr ernsthafte
Ambition nach römischem Stil, nach dem "aere perennius" im Stil bei
mir wiedererkennen. - Nicht anders ergieng es mir bei der ersten
Berührung mit Horaz. Bis heute habe ich an keinem Dichter dasselbe
artistische Entzücken gehabt, das mir von Anfang an eine Horazische
Ode gab. In gewissen Sprachen ist Das, was hier erreicht ist, nicht
einmal zu wollen. Dies Mosaik von Worten, wo jedes Wort als Klang, als
Ort, als Begriff, nach rechts und links und über das Ganze hin seine
Kraft ausströmt, dies minimum in Umfang und Zahl der Zeichen, dies
damit erzielte maximum in der Energie der Zeichen - das Alles ist
römisch und, wenn man mir glauben will, vornehm par excellence. Der
ganze Rest von Poesie wird dagegen etwas zu Populäres, - eine blosse
Gefühls-Geschwätzigkeit...


2.

Den Griechen verdanke ich durchaus keine verwandt starken Eindrücke;
und, um es geradezu herauszusagen, sie können uns nicht sein, was die
Römer sind. Man lernt nicht von den Griechen - ihre Art ist zu fremd,
sie ist auch zu flüssig, um imperativisch, um "klassisch" zu wirken.
Wer hätte je an einem Griechen schreiben gelernt! Wer hätte es je ohne
die Römer gelernt!... Man wende mir ja nicht Plato ein. Im Verhältniss
zu Plato bin ich ein gründlicher Skeptiker und war stets ausser
Stande, in die Bewunderung des Artisten Plato, die unter Gelehrten
herkömmlich ist, einzustimmen. Zuletzt habe ich hier die
raffinirtesten Geschmacksrichter unter den Alten selbst auf
meiner Seite. Plato wirft, wie mir scheint, alle Formen des Stils
durcheinander, er ist damit ein erster décadent des Stils: er hat
etwas Ähnliches auf dem Gewissen, wie die Cyniker, die die satura
Menippea erfanden. Dass

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions

Page 0
| | | | Obvious typographical errors have been corrected.
Page 10
In a moment we were in the refreshing.
Page 15
The spot is sacred to us, owing to some pleasant associations, it must also inaugurate a good future for us.
Page 19
The rights of genius are being democratised in order that people may be relieved of the labour of acquiring culture, and their need of it.
Page 25
Here our philosophy must not begin with wonder but with dread; he who feels no dread at this point must be asked not to meddle with pedagogic questions.
Page 27
"Here then is a task for so-called 'formal' education[4] [the education tending to develop the mental faculties, as opposed to 'material' education,[5] which.
Page 28
But this is precisely where culture begins--namely, in understanding how to treat the quick as something vital, and it is here too that the mission of the cultured teacher begins: in suppressing the urgent claims of 'historical interests' wherever it is above all necessary to _do_ properly and not merely to _know_ properly.
Page 33
Up to the present their recognition by the public schools has been owing almost solely to the doubtful aesthetic hobbies of a few teachers or to the massive effects of certain of their tragedies and novels.
Page 35
"The feeling for classical Hellenism is, as a matter of fact, such an exceptional outcome of the most energetic fight for culture and artistic talent that the public school could only have professed to awaken this feeling owing to a very crude misunderstanding.
Page 36
Who will conduct you to the land of culture, if your leaders are blind and assume the position of seers notwithstanding? Which of you will ever attain to a true feeling for the sacred seriousness of art, if you are systematically spoiled, and taught to stutter independently instead of being taught to speak; to aestheticise on your own account, when you ought to be taught to approach works of art almost piously; to philosophise without assistance, while you ought to be compelled to _listen_ to great thinkers.
Page 40
These two worthy men saw clearly, by the system of instruction in vogue, that the time was not yet ripe for a higher culture, a culture founded upon that of the ancients: the neglected state of linguistic instruction; the forcing of students into learned historical paths, instead of giving them a practical training; the connection of certain practices, encouraged in the public schools, with the objectionable spirit of our journalistic publicity--all these easily perceptible phenomena of the teaching of German led to the painful certainty that the most beneficial of those forces which have come down to us from classical antiquity are not yet known in our public schools: forces which would train students for the struggle against the barbarism of the present age, and which will perhaps once more transform the public schools into the arsenals and workshops of this struggle.
Page 41
Just because we take this matter so seriously, we should not take our own poor selves so seriously: at the very moment we are falling some one else will grasp the banner of our faith.
Page 47
Whoever is acquainted with.
Page 48
our present public schools well knows what a wide gulf separates their teachers from classicism, and how, from a feeling of this want, comparative philology and allied professions have increased their numbers to such an unheard-of degree.
Page 51
For, indeed, the ancient State emphatically did not share the utilitarian point of view of recognising as culture only what was directly useful to the State itself, and was far from wishing to destroy those impulses which did not seem to be immediately applicable.
Page 52
never comes into contact with this true German spirit: with that spirit which speaks to us so wondrously from the inner heart of the German Reformation, German music, and German philosophy, and which, like a noble exile, is regarded with such indifference and scorn by the luxurious education afforded by the State.
Page 56
But how many young men should be permitted to grow up in such close and almost personal proximity to nature! The others must learn another truth betimes: how to subdue nature to themselves.
Page 62
" At this point the old philosopher could not control his anger, and shouted to his companion: "Oh, you innocent lamb of knowledge! You gentle sucking doves, all of you! And would you give the name of arguments to those distorted, clumsy, narrow-minded, ungainly, crippled things? Yes, I have just now been listening to the fruits of some of this present-day culture, and my ears are still ringing with the sound of historical 'self-understood' things, of over-wise and pitiless historical reasonings! Mark this, thou unprofaned Nature: thou hast grown old, and for thousands of years this starry sky has spanned the space above thee--but thou hast never yet heard such conceited and, at bottom, mischievous chatter as the talk of the present day! So you are proud of your poets and artists, my good Teutons? You point to them and brag about them to foreign countries, do you? And because it has given you no trouble to have them amongst you, you have formed the pleasant theory that you need not concern yourselves further with them? Isn't that so, my inexperienced children: they come of their own free will, the stork brings them to you! Who would dare to mention a midwife! You deserve an earnest teaching, eh? You should be proud of the fact that all the noble and brilliant men we have mentioned were prematurely suffocated, worn out, and crushed through you, through your barbarism? You think without shame of Lessing, who, on account of your stupidity, perished in battle against your ludicrous gods and idols, the evils of your theatres, your learned men, and your theologians, without once daring to lift himself to the height of that immortal flight for which he was brought into the world.
Page 64
For a few minutes not a word more was spoken.
Page 65
So we walked on beside the philosopher, ashamed, compassionate, dissatisfied with ourselves, and more than ever convinced that the old man was right and that we had done him wrong.