By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 32

schönen Luxus der Skepsis gestatten: man
ist sicher genug, fest genug, gebunden genug dazu. Carlyle betäubt
Etwas in sich durch das fortissimo seiner Verehrung für Menschen
starken Glaubens und durch seine Wuth gegen die weniger Einfältigen:
er bedarf des Lärms. Eine beständige leidenschaftliche Unredlichkeit
gegen sich - das ist sein proprium, damit ist und bleibt er
interessant. - Freilich, in England wird er gerade wegen seiner
Redlichkeit bewundert... Nun, das ist englisch; und in Anbetracht,
dass die Engländer das Volk des vollkommnen cant sind, sogar billig,
und nicht nur, begreiflich. Im Grunde ist Carlyle ein englischer
Atheist, der seine Ehre darin sucht, es nicht zu sein.


Emerson. - Viel aufgeklärter, schweifender, vielfacher, raffinirter
als Carlyle, vor Allem glücklicher... Ein Solcher, der sich instinktiv
bloss von Ambrosia nährt, der das Unverdauliche in den Dingen
zurücklässt. Gegen Carlyle gehalten ein Mann des Geschmacks. -
Carlyle, der ihn sehr liebte, sagte trotzdem von ihm: "er giebt uns
nicht genug zu beissen": was mit Recht gesagt sein mag, aber nicht
zu Ungunsten Emerson's. - Emerson hat jene gütige und geistreiche
Heiterkeit, welche allen Ernst entmuthigt; er weiss es schlechterdings
nicht, wie alt er schon ist und wie jung er noch sein wird, - er
könnte von sich mit einem Wort Lope de Vega's sagen: "yo me sucedo
a mi mismo". Sein Geist findet immer Gründe, zufrieden und selbst
dankbar zu sein; und bisweilen streift er die heitere Transscendenz
jenes Biedermanns, der von einem verliebten Stelldichein tamquam re
bene gesta zurückkam. "Ut desint vires, sprach er dankbar, tamen est
laudanda voluptas." -


Anti-Darwin. - Was den berühmten Kampf um's Leben betrifft, so scheint
er mir einstweilen mehr behauptet als bewiesen. Er kommt vor, aber als
Ausnahme; der Gesammt-Aspekt des Lebens ist nicht die Nothlage, die
Hungerlage, vielmehr der Reichthum, die Üppigkeit, selbst die absurde
Verschwendung, - wo gekämpft wird, kämpft man um Macht... Man soll
nicht Malthus mit der Natur verwechseln. - Gesetzt aber, es giebt
diesen Kampf - und in der That, er kommt vor -, so läuft er leider
umgekehrt aus als die Schule Darwin's wünscht, als man vielleicht
mit ihr wünschen dürfte: nämlich zu Ungunsten der Starken, der
Bevorrechtigten, der glücklichen Ausnahmen. Die Gattungen wachsen
nicht in der Vollkommenheit: die Schwachen werden immer wieder über
die Starken Herr, - das macht, sie sind die grosse Zahl, sie sind auch
klüger... Darwin hat den Geist vergessen (- das ist englisch!), die
Schwachen haben mehr Geist... Man muss Geist nöthig haben, um Geist zu
bekommen, - man verliert ihn, wenn man ihn nicht mehr nöthig hat. Wer
die Stärke hat, entschlägt sich des Geistes (- "lass fahren dahin!
denkt man heute in Deutschland - das Reich

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions; Homer and Classical Philology Complete Works, Volume Three

Page 0
Nietzsche's aim, as is now pretty well known, was the elevation of the type man.
Page 12
Away with these pistols and compose yourselves.
Page 19
I ask myself to what purpose have I lived as a philosopher, if, possessed as you are of no mean intelligence and a genuine thirst for knowledge, all the years you have spent in my company have left no deeper impression upon you.
Page 20
One must be blessed with overflowing wealth in order to live for the good of all on one's own resources! Extraordinary youngsters! They felt it incumbent upon them to imitate what is precisely most difficult and most high,--what is possible only to the master, when they, above all, should know how difficult and dangerous this is, and how many excellent gifts may be ruined by attempting it!" "I will conceal nothing from you, sir," the companion replied.
Page 25
Every one of them knows what he has had to suffer from the condition of culture in schools; every one of them would fain protect his offspring from the need of enduring similar drawbacks, even though he himself was compelled to submit to them.
Page 36
In what age? In an age which is led about blindly by the most sensational desires of the day, and which is not aware of the fact that, once that feeling for Hellenism is roused, it immediately becomes aggressive and must express itself by indulging in an incessant war with the so-called culture of the present.
Page 43
Then we should meet with a strange disillusionment, one which we, my good friend, have often met with: those blatant heralds of educational needs, when examined at close quarters, are suddenly seen to be transformed into zealous, yea, fanatical opponents of true culture, _i.
Page 49
The public schools are certainly the seats of this obesity, if, indeed, they have not degenerated into the abodes of that elegant barbarism which is boasted of as being 'German culture of the present!'" "But," asked the other, "what is to become of that large body of teachers who have not been endowed with a true gift for culture, and who set up as teachers merely to gain a livelihood from the profession, because there is a demand for them, because a superfluity of schools brings with it a superfluity of teachers? Where shall they go when antiquity peremptorily orders them to withdraw? Must they not be sacrificed to those powers of the present who, day after day, call out to them from the never-ending columns of the press 'We are culture! We are education! We are at the zenith! We are the apexes of the pyramids! We are the aims of universal history!'--when they hear the seductive promises, when the shameful signs of non-culture, the plebeian publicity of the so-called 'interests of culture' are extolled for their benefit in magazines and newspapers as an entirely new and the best possible, full-grown form of culture! Whither shall the poor fellows fly when they feel the presentiment that these promises are not true--where but to the most obtuse, sterile scientificality, that here the shriek of culture may no longer be audible to them? Pursued in this way, must they not end, like the ostrich, by burying their heads in the sand? Is it not a real happiness for them, buried as they are among dialects, etymologies, and conjectures, to lead a.
Page 51
" "But," said the philosopher's companion, "what purposes can the State have in view with such a strange aim? For that it has some State objects in view is seen in the manner in which the conditions of Prussian schools are admired by, meditated upon, and occasionally imitated by other States.
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Page 55
In this instinct also we may see a longing for immortality: wealth and power, wisdom, presence of mind, eloquence, a flourishing outward aspect, a renowned name--all these are merely turned into the means by which an insatiable, personal will to live craves for new life, with which, again, it hankers after an eternity that is at last seen to be illusory.
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On the other path you will have but few fellow-travellers: it is more arduous, winding and precipitous; and those who take the first path will mock you, for your progress is more wearisome, and they will try to lure you over into their own ranks.
Page 71
"Those are torches," I cried, "there is nothing surer than that my comrades from Bonn are over yonder, and that your friend must be with them.
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is the 'acroamatic' method of teaching.
Page 77
Page 79
He now seeks consolation in hasty and incessant action so as to hide himself from himself.
Page 81
It is by them that you can judge the educational strength of our universities, asking yourselves, in all seriousness, the question: What cause did you promote through them? The German power of invention, the noble German desire for knowledge, the qualifying of the German for diligence and self-sacrifice--splendid and beautiful things, which other nations envy you; yea, the finest and most magnificent things in the world, if only that true German spirit overspread them like a dark thundercloud, pregnant with the blessing of forthcoming rain.
Page 82
German! Now he learnt to understand his Tacitus; now he grasped the signification of Kant's categorical.
Page 85
We are conscious of this in the circles of the learned just as much as among the followers of that science itself.
Page 89
We now meet everywhere with the firm opinion that the question of Homer's personality is no longer timely, and that it is quite a different thing from the real "Homeric question.