Ecce Homo Complete Works, Volume Seventeen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 72

once came unto me!

"The beauty of the Superman came unto me as a shadow. Alas, my
brethren! What are the--gods to me now?"

Let me call attention to one last point of view. The line in italics is
my pretext for this remark. A Dionysian life-task needs the hardness of
the hammer, and one of its first essentials is without doubt the _joy
even of destruction._ The command, "Harden yourselves!" and the deep
conviction that _all creators are hard,_ is the really distinctive sign
of a Dionysian nature.




BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL:


"THE PRELUDE TO A PHILOSOPHY OF THE FUTURE"



1


My work for the years that followed was prescribed as distinctly
as possible. Now that the yea-saying part of my life-task was
accomplished, there came the turn of the negative portion, both in
word and deed: the transvaluation of all values that had existed
hitherto, the great war,--the conjuring-up of the day when the fatal
outcome of the struggle would be decided. Meanwhile, I had slowly to
look about me for my peers, for those who, _out of strength,_ would
proffer me a helping hand in my work of destruction. From that time
onward, all my writings are so much bait: maybe I understand as much
about fishing as most people? If nothing was _caught,_ it was not I who
was at fault _There were no fish to come and bite._



2


In all its essential points, this book (1886) is a criticism of
_modernity,_ embracing the modern sciences, arts, even politics,
together with certain indications as to a type which would be the
reverse of modern man, or as little like him as possible, a noble
and yea-saying type. In this last respect the book is a _school
for gentlemen_--the term _gentleman_ being understood here in a
much more spiritual and radical sense than it has implied hitherto.
All those things of which the age is proud,--as, for instance,
far-famed "objectivity," "sympathy with all that suffers," "the
historical sense," with its subjection to foreign tastes, with its
lying-in-the-dust before _petits faits,_ and the rage for science,--are
shown to be the contradiction of the type recommended, and are
regarded as almost ill-bred. If you remember that this book follows
upon _Zarathustra,_ you may possibly guess to what system of diet it
owes its life. The eye which, owing to tremendous constraint, has
become accustomed to see at a great distance,--_Zarathustra_ is even
more far-sighted than the Tsar,--is here forced to focus sharply that
which is close at hand, the present time, the things that lie about
him. In all the aphorisms and more particularly in the form of this
book, the

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Text Comparison with Götzen-Dämmerung

Page 0
Ein Spruch, dessen Herkunft ich der gelehrten Neugierde vorenthalte, war seit langem mein Wahlspruch: increscunt animi, virescit volnere virtus.
Page 1
- Was mich nicht umbringt, macht mich stärker.
Page 3
.
Page 6
Als jener Physiognomiker dem Sokrates enthüllt hatte, wer er war, eine Höhle aller schlimmen Begierden, liess der grosse Ironiker noch ein Wort verlauten, das den Schlüssel zu ihm giebt.
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Es steht damit nicht anders als mit den Bewegungen des grossen Gestirns: bei ihnen hat der Irrthum unser Auge, hier hat er unsre Sprache zum beständigen Anwalt.
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1.
Page 13
.
Page 18
Der ganze Bereich der Moral und Religion gehört unter diesen Begriff der imaginären Ursachen.
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Das moralische Urtheil gehört, wie das religiöse, einer Stufe der Unwissenheit zu, auf der selbst der Begriff des Realen, die Unterscheidung des Realen und Imaginären noch fehlt: so dass "Wahrheit" auf solcher Stufe lauter Dinge bezeichnet, die wir heute "Einbildungen" nennen.
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Das verstand die Kirche: sie verdarb den Menschen, sie schwächte ihn, - aber sie nahm in Anspruch, ihn "verbessert" zu haben.
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.
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- Goethen gieng das Herz auf bei dem Phänomen Napoleon, - es gieng ihm zu beiden "Freiheits-Kriegen".
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Diese versteht sich schlechterdings nicht von selbst: man muss diesen Punkt, den englischen Flachköpfen zum Trotz, immer wieder an's Licht stellen.
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Naturwerth des Egoismus.
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Dieselben Institutionen bringen, so lange sie noch erkämpft werden, ganz andere Wirkungen hervor; sie fördern dann in der That die Freiheit auf eine mächtige Weise.
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Die Arbeiter-Frage.
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Wir Physiologen wenigstens wissen das.
Page 52
Zum Schluss ein Wort über jene Welt, zu.
Page 56
Den Griechen war deshalb das geschlechtliche Symbol das ehrwürdige Symbol an sich, der eigentliche Tiefsinn innerhalb der ganzen antiken Frömmigkeit.