Ecce Homo Complete Works, Volume Seventeen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 60

with hostility everywhere. He who
disagrees with me on this point, I regard as infected. But all the
world disagrees with me. To a physiologist a like antagonism between
values admits of no doubt. If the most insignificant organ within the
body neglects, however slightly, to assert with absolute certainty its
self-preservative powers, its recuperative claims, and its egoism, the
whole system degenerates. The physiologist insists upon the removal of
degenerated parts, he denies all fellow-feeling for such parts, and
has not the smallest feeling of pity for them. But the desire of the
priest is precisely the degeneration of the whole of mankind; hence his
preservation of that which is degenerate--this is what his dominion
costs humanity. What meaning have those lying concepts, those handmaids
of morality, "Soul," "Spirit," "Free will," "God," if their aim is not
the physiological ruin of mankind? When earnestness is diverted from
the instincts that aim at self-preservation and an increase of bodily
energy, _i.e._ at an _increase of life_; when anæmia is raised to an
ideal and the contempt of the body is construed as "the salvation of
the soul," what is all this if it is not a recipe for decadence? Loss
of ballast, resistance offered to natural instincts, selflessness,
in fact--this is what has hitherto been known as morality. With _The
Dawn of Day_ I first engaged in a struggle against the morality of
self-renunciation.




"JOYFUL WISDOM: LA GAYA SCIENZA"



1


_Dawn of Day_ is a yea-saying book, profound, but clear and kindly. The
same applies once more and in the highest degree to _La Gaya Scienza:_
in almost every sentence of this book, profundity and playfulness go
gently hand in hand. A verse which expresses my gratitude for the most
wonderful month of January which I have ever lived--the whole book is a
gift--sufficiently reveals the abysmal depths from which "wisdom" has
here become joyful.

"Thou who with cleaving fiery lances
The stream of my soul from its ice dost free,
Till with a rush and a roar it advances
To enter with glorious hoping the sea:
Brighter to see and purer ever,
Free in the bonds of thy sweet constraint,--
So it praises thy wondrous endeavour,
January, thou beauteous saint!"[1]

Who can be in any doubt as to what "glorious hoping" means here, when
he has realised the diamond beauty of the first of Zarathustra's
words as they appear in a glow of light at the close of

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Text Comparison with The Case Of Wagner, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Selected Aphorisms.

Page 3
Every year thousands are now added to the large party abroad who have ceased from believing in the great musical revolutionary of the seventies; that he was one with the French Romanticists and rebels has long since been acknowledged a fact in select circles, both in France and Germany, and if we still have Wagner with us in England, if we still consider Nietzsche as a heretic, when he declares that "Wagner was a musician for unmusical people," it is only because we are more removed than we imagine, from all the great movements, intellectual and otherwise, which take place on the Continent.
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129 _et seq.
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He has given to souls despairing over the materialism of this world, to souls despairing of themselves, and longing to be rid of themselves, the indispensable hashish and morphia wherewith to deaden their inner discords.
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Everywhere paralysis, distress, and numbness, or hostility and chaos both striking one with ever increasing force the higher the forms of organisation are into which one ascends.
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including that which has become so outside the theatre, is in bad taste and spoils taste.
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Let anybody put one of Wagner's "plots" under the microscope, and I wager that he will be forced to laugh.
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But formerly it was strong, it was terrible, it.
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Let us try to estimate the influence of this worship upon culture.
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What has Wagner-worship made out of spirit? Does Wagner liberate the spirit? To him belong that ambiguity and equivocation and all other qualities which can convince the uncertain without making them conscious of why they have been convinced.
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Woman impoverishes herself in favour of the Master, she becomes quite touching, she stands naked before him.
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What does Johannes Brahms matter?{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} It was his good fortune to be misunderstood by Germany; he was taken to be an antagonist of Wagner--people required an antagonist!--But he did not write necessary music, above all he wrote too much music!--When one is not rich one should at least have enough pride to be poor!{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} The sympathy which here and there was meted out to Brahms, apart from party interests and party misunderstandings, was for a long time a riddle to me, until one day through an accident, almost, I discovered that he affected a particular type of man.
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{~HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS~} People like to call Brahms Beethoven's heir: I know of no more cautious euphemism--All that which to-day makes a claim to being the grand style in music is on precisely that account either false to us or false to itself.
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--Within the narrow sphere of the so-called moral values, no greater antithesis could be found than that of _master-morality_ and the morality of _Christian_ valuations: the latter having grown out of a thoroughly morbid soil.
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--Wagner is one who has suffered much--and this elevates him above other musicians.
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There are free insolent spirits which would fain conceal and deny that they are at bottom broken, incurable hearts--this is.
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All _greatness_ is creative the moment we realise it.
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Apparently in Wagner we have an art _for everybody_, because coarse and subtle means seem to be united in it.
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That is why he was the quickest among musicians to be imitated.
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_--It was a real disaster for aesthetics when the word drama got to be translated by "action.
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13 This undoubtedly refers to Nietzsche's only disciple and friend, Peter Gast--_Tr.