Early Greek Philosophy & Other Essays Collected Works, Volume Two

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 91

the cause
of Something"? (_causa efficiens_)--and not "What is the purpose of
Something"? (_causa finalis_). The Nous has not been dragged in by
Anaxagoras for the purpose of answering the special question: "What
is the cause of motion and what causes regular motions?"; Plato
however reproaches him, that he ought to have, but had not shown that
everything was in its own fashion and its own place the most beautiful,
the best and the most appropriate. But this Anaxagoras would not have
dared to assert in any individual case, to him the existing world was
not even the most conceivably perfect world, for he saw everything
originate out of everything, and he found the segregation of the
substances through the Nous complete and done with, neither at the
end of the filled space of the world nor in the individual beings.
For his understanding it was sufficient that he had found a motion,
which, by simple continued action could create the visible order out
of a chaos mixed through and through; and he took good care not to put
the question as to the Why? of the motion, as to the rational purpose
of motion. For if the Nous had to fulfil by means of motion a purpose
innate in the noumenal essence, then it was no longer in Its free will
to commence the motion at any chance time; in so far as the Nous is
eternal, It had also to be determined eternally by this purpose, and
then no point of time could have been allowed to exist in which motion
was still lacking, indeed it would have been logically forbidden to
assume a starting point for motion: whereby again the conception of
original chaos, the basis of the whole Anaxagorean interpretation of
the world would likewise have become logically impossible. In order
to escape such difficulties, which teleology creates, Anaxagoras had
always to emphasise and asseverate that the Mind has free will; all
Its actions, including that of the primal motion, were actions of the
"free will," whereas on the contrary after that primeval moment the
whole remaining world was shaping itself in a strictly determined, and
more precisely, mechanically determined form. That absolutely free
will however can be conceived only as purposeless, somewhat after the
fashion of children's play or the artist's bent for play. It is an
error to ascribe to Anaxagoras the common confusion of the teleologist,
who, marvelling at the extraordinary appropriateness, at the agreement
of the parts with the whole, especially in the realm of the organic,
assumes that that which exists for the intellect had also come into
existence

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Text Comparison with Götzen-Dämmerung

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Page 8
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Die "Vernunft" in der Sprache: oh was für eine alte betrügerische Weibsperson! Ich fürchte, wir werden Gott nicht los, weil wir noch an die Grammatik glauben.
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dem Geist verheirathen, sich "vergeistigen".
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Jeder Fehler in jedem Sinne ist die Folge von Instinkt-Entartung, von Disgregation des Willens: man definirt beinahe damit das Schlechte.
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Das sogenannte "Motiv": ein andrer Irrthum.
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- Der Erfolg einer solchen Sanitäts-Polizei blieb nicht aus: mörderische Seuchen, scheussliche Geschlechtskrankheiten und darauf hin wieder "das Gesetz des Messers", die Beschneidung für die männlichen, die Abtragung der kleinen Schamlippen für die weiblichen Kinder anordnend.
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- Les fréres de Goncourt: oder die beiden Ajaxe im Kampf mit Homer.
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- Nach einigen Seiten eine Vorform Baudelaire's.
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Sein Geist findet immer Gründe, zufrieden und selbst dankbar zu sein; und bisweilen streift er die heitere Transscendenz jenes Biedermanns, der von einem verliebten Stelldichein tamquam re bene gesta zurückkam.
Page 36
L'art pour l'art heisst: "der Teufel hole die Moral!" - Aber selbst noch diese Feindschaft verräth die Übergewalt des Vorurtheils.
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35.
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So weit geht die décadence im Werth-Instinkte unsrer Politiker, unsrer politischen Parteien: sie ziehn instinktiv vor, was auflöst, was das Ende beschleunigt.
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Aber weil man solchen Explosiven viel verdankt, hat man ihnen auch viel dagegen geschenkt, zum Beispiel eine Art höherer Moral.
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Ein Weib, das liebt, opfert seine Ehre; ein Erkennender, welcher "liebt", opfert vielleicht seine Menschlichkeit; ein Gott, welcher liebte, ward Jude.
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Aber ein solcher Glaube ist der höchste aller möglichen Glauben: ich habe ihn auf den Namen des Dionysos getauft.
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