Early Greek Philosophy & Other Essays Collected Works, Volume Two

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 7

we may compare
this grand Culture with a blood-stained victor, who in his triumphal
procession carries the defeated along as slaves chained to his chariot,
slaves whom a beneficent power has so blinded that, almost crushed by
the wheels of the chariot, they nevertheless still exclaim: "Dignity of
labour!" "Dignity of Man!" The voluptuous Cleopatra-Culture throws ever
again the most priceless pearls, the tears of compassion for the misery
of slaves, into her golden goblet. Out of the emasculation of modern
man has been born the enormous social distress of the present time,
not out of the true and deep commiseration for that misery; and if it
should be true that the Greeks perished through their slavedom then
another fact is much more certain, that we shall perish through the
_lack_ of slavery. Slavedom did not appear in any way objectionable,
much less abominable, either to early Christianity or to the Germanic
race. What an uplifting effect on us has the contemplation of the
mediæval bondman, with his legal and moral relations,--relations that
were inwardly strong and tender,--towards the man of higher rank, with
the profound fencing-in of his narrow existence--how uplifting!--and
how reproachful!

He who cannot reflect upon the position of affairs in Society without
melancholy, who has learnt to conceive of it as the continual painful
birth of those privileged Culture-men, in whose service everything
else must be devoured--he will no longer be deceived by that false
glamour, which the moderns have spread over the origin and meaning
of the State. For what can the State mean to us, if not the means by
which that social-process described just now is to be fused and to
be guaranteed in its unimpeded continuance? Be the sociable instinct
in individual man as strong as it may, it is only the iron clamp of
the State that constrains the large masses upon one another in such a
fashion that a chemical decomposition of Society, with its pyramid-like
super-structure, is _bound_ to take place. Whence however originates
this sudden power of the State, whose aim lies much beyond the insight
and beyond the egoism of the individual? How did the slave, the blind
mole of Culture, _originate_? The Greeks in their instinct relating
to the law of nations have betrayed it to us, in an instinct, which
even in the ripest fulness of their civilisation and humanity never
ceased to utter as out of a brazen mouth such words as: "to the victor
belongs the vanquished, with wife and child, life and property. Power
gives the first _right_ and there is no right, which at bottom is not
presumption, usurpation, violence."


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Text Comparison with We Philologists Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Volume 8

Page 1
It was only on these conditions that the State allowed the pagan teaching to be propagated in the schools; and if, where classical scholars were concerned, it was more tolerant than the Church had been, it must be borne in mind that the Church had already done all the rough work of emasculating its enemies, and had handed down to the State a body of very innocuous and harmless investigators.
Page 4
Valuing is the most difficult of all.
Page 6
17 One very great value of antiquity consists in the fact that its writings are the only ones which modern men still read carefully.
Page 7
"Your own salvation above everything"--that is what you should say; and there are no institutions which you should prize more highly than your own soul.
Page 8
25 Where do we see the effect of antiquity? Not in language, not in the imitation of something or other, and not in perversity and waywardness, to which uses the French have turned it.
Page 9
" In short, the relationship between theory and practice in the philologist cannot be so quickly conceived.
Page 10
" "We know it has done us good.
Page 11
The preference for antiquity as an abbreviation of the history of the human race, as if there were an autochthonous creation here by which all becoming might be studied.
Page 12
30 The peculiarly significant situation of philologists: a class of people to whom we entrust our youth, and who have to investigate quite a special antiquity.
Page 14
Ancient mythology was developed, but German mythology was treated as a crime.
Page 15
44 It is so difficult to understand the ancients.
Page 25
They do not, however, arise from the goodwill of the people, but from the struggle between the evil instincts.
Page 28
121 Its noble sense of order and systematic arrangement had rendered the Athenian state immortal--The ten strategists in Athens! Foolish! Too big a sacrifice on the altar of jealousy.
Page 29
129 To live on mountains, to travel a great deal, and to move quickly from one place to another .
Page 30
The God of the Christians .
Page 31
I maintain this against Wolf.
Page 32
154 We can now look back over a fairly long period of human existence .
Page 33
But "Providence" must be kept out of the question, for it is a conception that enables people to take things too easily.
Page 42
Religion is "love beyond ourselves.
Page 43
And perhaps he would not bear the slightest resemblance to the ascetic saint, but would be much more like a man of the world.