Beyond Good and Evil

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 15

a fair amount of certainty that will and action are
somehow one; he ascribes the success, the carrying out of the willing,
to the will itself, and thereby enjoys an increase of the sensation
of power which accompanies all success. "Freedom of Will"--that is the
expression for the complex state of delight of the person exercising
volition, who commands and at the same time identifies himself with
the executor of the order--who, as such, enjoys also the triumph over
obstacles, but thinks within himself that it was really his own will
that overcame them. In this way the person exercising volition adds the
feelings of delight of his successful executive instruments, the useful
"underwills" or under-souls--indeed, our body is but a social structure
composed of many souls--to his feelings of delight as commander. L'EFFET
C'EST MOI. what happens here is what happens in every well-constructed
and happy commonwealth, namely, that the governing class identifies
itself with the successes of the commonwealth. In all willing it is
absolutely a question of commanding and obeying, on the basis, as
already said, of a social structure composed of many "souls", on which
account a philosopher should claim the right to include willing-as-such
within the sphere of morals--regarded as the doctrine of the relations
of supremacy under which the phenomenon of "life" manifests itself.

20. That the separate philosophical ideas are not anything optional or
autonomously evolving, but grow up in connection and relationship with
each other, that, however suddenly and arbitrarily they seem to appear
in the history of thought, they nevertheless belong just as much to
a system as the collective members of the fauna of a Continent--is
betrayed in the end by the circumstance: how unfailingly the most
diverse philosophers always fill in again a definite fundamental scheme
of POSSIBLE philosophies. Under an invisible spell, they always revolve
once more in the same orbit, however independent of each other they
may feel themselves with their critical or systematic wills, something
within them leads them, something impels them in definite order the
one after the other--to wit, the innate methodology and relationship
of their ideas. Their thinking is, in fact, far less a discovery than a
re-recognizing, a remembering, a return and a home-coming to a far-off,
ancient common-household of the soul, out of which those ideas formerly
grew: philosophizing is so far a kind of atavism of the highest order.
The wonderful family resemblance of all Indian, Greek, and German
philosophizing is easily enough explained. In fact, where there is
affinity of language, owing to the common philosophy of grammar--I mean
owing to the unconscious domination and guidance of similar

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Text Comparison with Götzen-Dämmerung

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es.
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Sokrates gehörte, seiner Herkunft nach, zum niedersten Volk: Sokrates war Pöbel.
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.
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gegen Instinkte war selbst nur eine Krankheit, eine andre Krankheit - und durchaus kein Rückweg zur "Tugend", zur "Gesundheit", zum Glück.
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.
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In Formel: seine Tugend ist die Folge seines Glücks.
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- Thatsächlich machen wir es im Wachen ebenso.
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- Die "Verbesserer" der Menschheit.
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Ursachen, - Gründe dafür giebt es nicht.
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Revolutionär, aber durch die Furcht leidlich noch im Zaum gehalten.
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9.
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Insbesondere preist er sie als Erlöserin vom "Brennpunkte des Willens", von der Geschlechtlichkeit, - in der Schönheit sieht er den Zeugetrieb verneint.
Page 36
Wenn man den Zweck des Moralpredigens und Menschen-Verbesserns von der Kunst ausgeschlossen hat, so folgt daraus noch lange nicht, dass die Kunst überhaupt zwecklos, ziellos, sinnlos, kurz l'art pour l'art - ein Wurm, der sich in den Schwanz beisst - ist.
Page 46
Die Vernunft der Erziehung würde wollen, dass unter einem eisernen Drucke wenigstens Eins dieser Instinkt-Systeme paralysirt würde, um einem andren zu erlauben, zu Kräften zu kommen, stark zu werden, Herr zu werden.
Page 47
Das Frankreich der Revolution, und noch mehr das der Vorrevolution, würde aus sich den entgegengesetzten Typus, als der Napoleon's ist, hervorgebracht haben: es hat ihn auch hervorgebracht.
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ganzen Umfang und Reichthum der Natürlichkeit zu gönnen wagen darf, der stark genug zu dieser Freiheit ist; den Menschen der Toleranz, nicht aus Schwäche, sondern aus Stärke, weil er Das, woran die durchschnittliche Natur zu Grunde gehn würde, noch zu seinem Vortheile zu brauchen weiss; den Menschen, für den es nichts Verbotenes mehr giebt, es sei denn die Schwäche, heisse sie nun Laster oder Tugend.
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