Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 97

Hoher! Das ist mir nun deine Reinheit,
dass es keine ewige Vernunft-Spinne und -Spinnennetze giebt: -

- dass du mir ein Tanzboden bist für göttliche Zufälle, dass du mir
ein Göttertisch bist für göttliche Würfel und Würfelspieler! -

Doch du erröthest? Sprach ich Unaussprechbares? Lästerte ich, indem
ich dich segnen wollte?

Oder ist es die Scham zu Zweien, welche dich erröthen machte? -
Heissest du mich gehn und schweigen, weil nun - der _Tag_ kommt?

Die Welt ist tief -: und tiefer als je der Tag gedacht hat. Nicht
Alles darf vor dem Tage Worte haben. Aber der Tag kommt: so scheiden
wir nun!

Oh Himmel über mir, du Schamhafter! Glühender! Oh du mein Glück vor
Sonnen-Aufgang! Der Tag kommt: so scheiden wir nun! -

Also sprach Zarathustra.



Von der verkleinernden Tugend

1.

Als Zarathustra wieder auf dem festen Lande war, gieng er nicht
stracks auf sein Gebirge und seine Höhle los, sondern that viele Wege
und Fragen und erkundete diess und das, also, dass er von sich selber
im Scherze sagte: "siehe einen Fluss, der in vielen Windungen zurück
zur Quelle fliesst!" Denn er wollte in Erfahrung bringen, was sich
inzwischen _mit_dem_Menschen_ zugetragen habe: ob er grösser oder
kleiner geworden sei. Und ein Mal sah er eine Reihe neuer Häuser; da
wunderte er sich und sagte:

"Was bedeuten diese Häuser? Wahrlich, keine grosse Seele stellte sie
hin, sich zum Gleichnisse!

Nahm wohl ein blödes Kind sie aus seiner Spielschachtel? Dass doch ein
anderes Kind sie wieder in seine Schachtel thäte!

Und diese Stuben und Kammern: können _Männer_ da aus- und eingehen?
Gemacht dünken sie mich für Seiden-Puppen; oder für Naschkatzen, die
auch wohl an sich naschen lassen."

Und Zarathustra blieb stehn und dachte nach. Endlich sagte er betrübt:
"Es ist _Alles_ kleiner geworden!

Überall sehe ich niedrigere Thore: wer _meiner_ Art ist, geht da wohl
noch hindurch, aber - er muss sich bücken!

Oh wann komme ich wieder in meine Heimat, wo ich mich nicht mehr
bücken muss - nicht mehr bücken muss vor den Kleinen!" - Und
Zarathustra seufzte und blickte in die Ferne. -

Desselbigen Tages aber redete er seine Rede über die verkleinernde
Tugend.


2.

Ich gehe durch diess Volk und halte meine Augen offen: sie vergeben
mir es nicht, dass ich auf ihre Tugenden nicht neidisch bin.

Sie beissen nach mir, weil ich zu ihnen sage: für kleine Leute sind
kleine Tugenden nöthig - und weil es mir hart eingeht, dass kleine
Leute _nöthig_ sind!

Noch gleiche ich dem Hahn hier auf fremdem Gehöfte, nach dem auch die
Hennen beissen; doch darob bin ich diesen Hennen nicht ungut.

Ich bin höflich gegen sie wie gegen alles kleine Ärgerniss; gegen das
Kleine stachlicht zu sein

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions

Page 2
Frivolous spendthrift! Thou art a reader after my own heart; for thou wilt be patient enough to accompany an author any distance, even though he himself cannot yet see the goal at which he is aiming,--even though he himself feels only that he must at all events honestly believe in a goal, in order that a future and possibly very remote generation may come face to face with that towards which we are now blindly and instinctively groping.
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Page 9
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Page 10
I shall not speak of the noisy journey from the landing-stage, through the excited and expectant little place, nor shall I refer to the esoteric jokes exchanged between ourselves; I also make no mention of a feast which became both wild and noisy, or of an extraordinary musical production in the execution of which, whether as soloists or as chorus, we all ultimately had to share, and which I, as musical adviser of our club, had not only had to rehearse, but was then forced to conduct.
Page 15
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Page 19
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Page 20
It seemed to me that I must recognise two main directions in the forces at work--two seemingly antagonistic tendencies, equally deleterious in their action, and ultimately combining to produce their results: a striving to achieve the greatest possible _expansion_ of education on the one hand, and a tendency to _minimise and weaken_ it on the other.
Page 22
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Page 35
There is, however, no such thing as a classical education that could grow without this inferred love of form.
Page 37
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Page 40
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Page 42
Such a large number of higher educational establishments are now to be found everywhere that far more teachers will continue to be required for them than the nature of even a highly-gifted people can produce; and thus an inordinate stream of undesirables flows into these institutions, who, however, by their preponderating numbers and their instinct of 'similis simile gaudet' gradually come to determine the nature of these institutions.
Page 44
On the other hand, I fully understand what you have said about the surplus of public schools and the corresponding surplus of higher grade teachers; and in this regard I myself have collected some information which assures me that the educational tendency of the public school _must_ right itself by this very surplus of teachers who have really nothing at all to do with education, and who are called into existence and pursue this path solely because there is a demand for them.
Page 45
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Page 53
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Page 54
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