Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 186

ein vollkommner Weiser gern auf den krümmsten Wegen? Der
Augenschein lehrt es, oh Zarathustra, - _dein_ Augenschein!"

- "Und du selber zuletzt, sprach Zarathustra und wandte sich gegen den
hässlichsten Menschen, der immer noch auf dem Boden lag, den Arm zu
dem Esel emporhebend (er gab ihm nämlich Wein zu trinken). Sprich, du
Unaussprechlicher, was hast du da gemacht!

Du dünkst mich verwandelt, dein Auge glüht, der Mantel des Erhabenen
liegt um deine Hässlichkeit: _was_ thatest du?

Ist es denn wahr, was jene sagen, dass du ihn wieder auferwecktest?
Und wozu? War er nicht mit Grund abgetödtet und abgethan?

Du selber dünkst mich aufgeweckt: was thatest du? was kehrtest _du_
um? Was bekehrtest _du_ dich? Sprich, du Unaussprechlicher?"

"Oh Zarathustra, antwortete der hässlichste Mensch, du bist ein
Schelm!

Ob _Der_ noch lebt oder wieder lebt oder gründlich todt ist, - wer von
uns Beiden weiss Das am Besten? Ich frage dich.

Eins aber weiss ich, - von dir selber lernte ich's einst, oh
Zarathustra: wer am gründlichsten tödten will, der _lacht_.

`Nicht durch Zorn, sondern durch Lachen tödtet man` - so sprachst du
einst. Oh Zarathustra, du Verborgener, du Vernichter ohne Zorn, du
gefährlicher Heiliger, - du bist ein Schelm!"


2.

Da aber geschah es, dass Zarathustra, verwundert über lauter solche
Schelmen-Antworten, zur Thür seiner Höhle zurück sprang und, gegen
alle seine Gäste gewendet, mit starker Stimme schrie:

"Oh ihr Schalks-Narren allesammt, ihr Possenreisser! Was verstellt und
versteckt ihr euch vor mir!

Wie doch einem jeden von euch das Herz zappelte vor Lust und Bosheit,
darob, dass ihr endlich einmal wieder wurdet wie die Kindlein, nämlich
fromm, -

- dass ihr endlich wieder thatet wie Kinder thun, nämlich betetet,
hände-faltetet und `lieber Gott` sagtet!

Aber nun lasst mir _diese_ Kinderstube, meine eigne Höhle, wo heute
alle Kinderei zu Hause ist. Kühlt hier draussen euren heissen
Kinder-Übermuth und Herzenslärm ab!

Freilich: so ihr nicht werdet wie die Kindlein, so kommt ihr nicht in
_das_ Himmelreich. (Und Zarathustra zeigte mit den Händen nach Oben.)

Aber wir wollen auch gar nicht in's Himmelreich: Männer sind wir
worden, - so wollen wir das Erdenreich."


3.

Und noch einmal hob Zarathustra an zu reden. "Oh meine neuen Freunde,
sprach er, - ihr Wunderlichen, ihr höheren Menschen, wie gut gefallt
ihr mir nun, -

- seit ihr wieder fröhlich wurdet! Ihr seid wahrlich Alle aufgeblüht:
mich dünkt, solchen Blumen, wie ihr seid, thun _neue_Feste_ noth,

- ein kleiner tapferer Unsinn, irgend ein Gottesdienst und Eselsfest,
irgend ein alter fröhlicher Zarathustra-Narr, ein Brausewind, der euch
die Seelen hell bläst.

Vergesst die Nacht und diess Eselsfest nicht, ihr höheren Menschen!
_Das_ erfandet ihr bei mir, Das nehme ich als gutes Wahrzeichen, -
Solcherlei erfinden nur Genesende!

Und feiert ihr

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions; Homer and Classical Philology Complete Works, Volume Three

Page 3
" Without any qualms of conscience they may improve the most fruitful and vigorous hours of their day in meditating on the future of our education; they may even believe when the evening has come that they have used their day in the most dignified and useful way, namely, in the _meditatio generis futuri_.
Page 4
However frequently my general observations may seem to bear particular application to our own conditions here, I personally have no desire to draw these inferences, and do not wish to be held responsible if they should be drawn, for the simple reason that I consider myself still far too much an inexperienced stranger among you, and much too superficially acquainted with your methods, to pretend to pass judgment upon any such special order of scholastic establishments, or to predict the probable course their development will follow.
Page 7
In the face of these two antagonistic tendencies, we could but give ourselves up to despair, did we not see the possibility of promoting the cause of two other contending factors which are fortunately as completely German as they are rich in promises for the future; I refer to the present movement towards _limiting and concentrating_ education as the antithesis of the first of the forces above mentioned, and that other movement towards the _strengthening and the independence_ of education as the antithesis of the second force.
Page 8
(Ed.
Page 19
Tell me,--what was that principle?" "I remember," replied the scolded pupil, "you used to say no one would strive to attain to culture if he knew how incredibly small the number of really cultured people actually is, and can ever be.
Page 24
In the newspaper the peculiar educational aims of the present culminate, just as the journalist, the servant of the moment, has stepped into the place of the genius, of the leader for all time, of the deliverer from the tyranny of the moment.
Page 27
If this is not possible, I would prefer in future that Latin be spoken; for I am ashamed of a language so bungled and vitiated.
Page 32
Classical education, indeed! It sounds so dignified! It confounds the aggressor and staves off the assault--for who could see to the bottom of this bewildering formula all at once? And this has long been the customary strategy of the public school: from whichever side the.
Page 42
There may be a few people, hopelessly unfamiliar with pedagogical matters, who believe that our present profusion of public schools and teachers, which is manifestly out of all proportion, can be changed into a real profusion, an _ubertas ingenii_, merely by a few rules and regulations, and without any reduction in the number of these institutions.
Page 43
It is precisely the best teachers--those who, generally speaking, judged by a high standard, are worthy of this honourable name--who are now perhaps the least fitted, in view of the present standing of our public schools, for the education of these unselected youths, huddled together in a confused heap; but who must rather, to a certain extent, keep hidden from them the best they could give: and, on the other hand, by far the larger number of these teachers feel themselves quite at home in these institutions, as their moderate abilities stand in a kind of harmonious relationship to the dullness of their pupils.
Page 52
the germs of his culture could not develop, but also that all his inimitable and perennial culture had flourished so luxuriantly under the wise and careful guardianship of the protection afforded by the State.
Page 55
In this instinct also we may see a longing for immortality: wealth and power, wisdom, presence of mind, eloquence, a flourishing outward aspect, a renowned name--all these are merely turned into the means by which an insatiable, personal will to live craves for new life, with which, again, it hankers after an eternity that is at last seen to be illusory.
Page 56
servant and counsellor of one's practical necessities, wants, and means of livelihood Every kind of training, however, which holds out the prospect of bread-winning as its end and aim, is not a training for culture as we understand the word; but merely a collection of precepts and directions to show how, in the struggle for existence, a man may preserve and protect his own person.
Page 67
And all those who occupy places in that institution must co-operate in the endeavour to engender men of genius by this purification from subjectiveness and the creation of the works of genius.
Page 69
The friend I was waiting for is indeed foolish enough to come up here even at midnight if he promised to do so.
Page 75
"The teacher, however, speaks to these listening students.
Page 77
the formula for this self-destruction of philosophy; and now, wherever the historical view of things is found, we can see such a naive recklessness in bringing the irrational to 'rationality' and 'reason' and making black look like white, that one is even inclined to parody Hegel's phrase and ask: 'Is all this irrationality real?' Ah, it is only the irrational that now seems to be 'real,' _i.
Page 83
When, however, in spite of all this, leader and followers have at last met, wounded and sore, there is an impassioned feeling of rapture, like the echo of an ever-sounding lyre, a feeling which I can let you divine only by means of a simile.
Page 92
Poetical works, which cause the hearts of even the greatest geniuses to fail when they endeavour to vie with them, and in which unsurpassable images are held up for the admiration of posterity--and yet the poet who wrote them with only a hollow, shaky name, whenever we do lay hold on him; nowhere the solid kernel of a powerful personality.
Page 93
The first school, on the other hand, wavered between the supposition of one genius plus a number of minor poets, and another hypothesis which assumed only a number of superior and even mediocre individual bards, but also postulated a mysterious discharging, a deep, national, artistic impulse, which shows itself in individual minstrels as an almost indifferent medium.