Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 74

ma parole du bien et du mal, je vous
dirai ma parole de la vie et de la coutume de tout ce qui est vivant.

J'ai suivi ce qui est vivant, je l'ai poursuivi sur les grands et sur
les petits chemins, afin de connaître ses coutumes.

Lorsque la vie se taisait, je recueillais son regard sur un miroir à
cent facettes, pour faire parler son oeil. Et son oeil m'a parlé.

Mais partout où j'ai trouvé ce qui est vivant, j'ai entendu les paroles
d'obéissance. Tout ce qui est vivant est une chose obéissante.

Et voici la seconde chose: on commande à celui qui ne sait pas s'obéir
à lui-même. C'est là la coutume de ce qui est vivant.

Voici ce que j'entendis en troisième lieu: commander est plus difficile
qu'obéir. Car celui qui commande porte aussi le poids de tous ceux qui
obéissent, et parfois cette charge l'écrase: -

Dans tout commandement j'ai vu un danger et un risque. Et toujours,
quand ce qui est vivant commande, ce qui est vivant risque sa vie.

Et quand ce qui est vivant se commande à soi-même, il faut que ce qui
est vivant expie son autorité et soit juge, vengeur, et victime de ses
propres lois.

D'où cela vient-il donc? me suis-je demandé. Qu'est-ce qui décide ce
qui est vivant à obéir, à commander et à être obéissant, même en
commandant?

Écoutez donc mes paroles, ô sages parmi les sages! Examinez
sérieusement si je suis entré au coeur de la vie, jusqu'aux racines de
son coeur!

Partout où j'ai trouvé quelque chose de vivant, j'ai trouvé de la
volonté de puissance; et même dans la volonté de celui qui obéit j'ai
trouvé la volonté d'être maître.

Que le plus fort domine le plus faible, c'est ce que veut sa volonté
qui veut être maîtresse de ce qui est plus faible encore. C'est là la
seule joie dont il ne veuille pas être privé.

Et comme le plus petit s'abandonne au plus grand, car le plus grand
veut jouir du plus petit et le dominer, ainsi le plus grand s'abandonne
aussi et risque sa vie pour la puissance.

C'est là l'abandon du plus grand: qu'il y ait témérité et danger et que
le plus grand joue sa vie.

Et où il y a sacrifice et service rendu et regard d'amour, il y a aussi
volonté d'être maître. C'est sur des chemins détournés que le plus
faible se glisse dans la forteresse et jusque dans le coeur du plus
puissant - c'est là qu'il vole la puissance.

Et la vie elle-même m'a

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